Raghib Pasha

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Raghib Pasha
Perdana Menteri Mesir
Masa kekuasaan18 Juni 1882 – 21 Agustus 1882
Lahir1819 (1819)
Tempat lahirChios, Yunani
Wafat1884 (1885)
Tempat wafatMesir
PendahuluUrabi Pasha
PenggantiMuhammad Sharif Pasha

Isma'il ibn Ahmad ibn Hassan bani Yani (Arab: إسماعيل بن أحمد بن حسن بني يني‎), atau ringkasnya dikenal sebagai Isma'il Ragheb Pasha (Arab: إسماعيل راغب باشا‎) (1819–1884), adalah seorang politisi Yunani Utsmaniyah yang menjadi Perdana Menteri Mesir[1] yang juga memegang beberapa jabatan penting di pemerintahan.

Isma'il Ragheb adalah seorang berketurunan Yunani[2][3][4][5] dan terlahir di Yunani[6] pada tanggal 18 Agustus 1819 di bagian kepulauan Chios setalah terjadinya Pembantaian besar di sana[7] yakni di Candia[8] yang merupakan masih wilayah Kreta. Setelah dia diculik ke Anatolia, dia dibawa ke Mesir sebagai budak oleh Ibrahim Pasha pada 1830[9] dan kemudian masuk Islam.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Mohamed, Duse (1911). In the land of the pharaohs: a short history of Egypt from the fall of Ismail to the assassination of Boutros Pasha. D. Appleton and company. hlm. xii. OCLC 301095947. PRIME MINISTERS * Ragheb Pasha was Prime Minister from July 12, 1882 
  2. ^ Vizetelly, Edward (1901). From Cyprus to Zanzibar, by the Egyptian delta: the adventures of a journalist in the isle of love, the home of miracles, and the land of cloves. C.A. Pearson. hlm. 118. OCLC 81708788. This Ragheb Pasha, a decrepit old man with a reputation of venality, was of Greek extraction, and had originally been a Greek slave. 
  3. ^ The Nineteenth century, Volume 13. Henry S. King & Co. 1883. hlm. 121. OCLC 30055032. Ragheb Bey, as I knew him first, was a Candiote, a Mussulman of Greek origin, and gifted with the financial cunning of his race. He began political life in Egypt under Said Pasha, as an employe in the financial department where he was speedily promoted to a high… 
  4. ^ ‘Izz al-‘Arab, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz (2002). European control and Egypt's traditional elites: a case study in elite economic nationalism Volume 15 of Mellen studies in economics. Edwin Mellen Press. hlm. 59. ISBN 0-7734-6936-2. Isma'il Pasha Raghib and al-Shaykh al-Bakri. Raghib was an established figure in the state administrative machinery, who came from Greek origins, and who had held various portfolios in finance and served as President of the first Majlis Shura al-Nuwwab in 1866. 
  5. ^ Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen (1980). Secret history of the English occupation of Egypt: being a personal narrative of events Volume 2 of Centenary of the Arabi revolution 1881-1981. Arab Centre for Research and Publishing. OCLC 7840850. Ragheb Pasha is (as mentioned by Ninet) of Greek descent, though a Moslem 
  6. ^ Schölch, Alexander (1981). Egypt for the Egyptians!: the socio-political crisis in Egypt, 1878-1882. Ithaca Press. hlm. 326. ISBN 0-903729-82-2. Isma'il Raghib was born in Greece in 1819; the sources differ over his homeland. After first being kidnapped to Anatolia, he was brought as a slave to Egypt in 1246 (1830/1), by Ibrahim Pasha, and there he was ‘converted’ from Christianity 
  7. ^ James Carlile McCoan (1898). Egypt. P. F. Collier. hlm. 102. OCLC 5663869. Raghib Pasha, the new Minister — by birth a Sciote Greek, sold into Egypt after the massacre of 1822 — is said to be an able administrator, and enjoys a high personal character 
  8. ^ The Nineteenth century, Volume 13. Henry S. King & Co. 1883. hlm. 121. OCLC 30055032. Ragheb Bey, as I knew him first, was a Candiote, a Mussulman of Greek origin 
  9. ^ Schölch, Alexander (1981). Egypt for the Egyptians!: the socio-political crisis in Egypt, 1878-1882. Ithaca Press. hlm. 326. ISBN 0-903729-82-2. Isma'il Raghib …After first being kidnapped to Anatolia, he was brought as a slave to Egypt in 1246 (1830/1), by Ibrahim Pasha, and there he was ‘converted’ from Christianity