Penambangan batu bara

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Para penambang batu barang meninggalkan sebuah penambangan Amerika di akhir penggantian (April 1974)

Penambangan batu bara adalah proses penyarian batu bara dari tanah. Batu bara bernilai untuk kandungan energinya, dan, sejak 1880an, telah banyak dipakai untuk membangkitkan listrik. Industri-industri baja dan semen memakai batu bara sebagai bahan bakar untuk penyarian besi dari bijih besi dan untuk produksi semen.

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Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Daniel Burns. The modern practice of coal mining (1907)
  • Chirons, Nicholas P. Coal Age Handbook of Coal Surface Mining (ISBN 0-07-011458-7)
  • Hamilton, Michael S. Mining Environmental Policy: Comparing Indonesia and the USA (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005). (ISBN 0-7546-4493-6).
  • Hayes, Geoffrey. Coal Mining (2004), 32 pp
  • Hughes. Herbert W, A Text-Book of Mining: For the use of colliery managers and others (London, many editions 1892-1917), the standard British textbook for its era.
  • Kuenzer, Claudia. Coal Mining in China (In: Schumacher-Voelker, E., and Mueller, B., (Eds.), 2007: BusinessFocus China, Energy: A Comprehensive Overview of the Chinese Energy Sector. gic Deutschland Verlag, 281 pp., ISBN 978-3-940114-00-6 pp. 62–68)
  • National Energy Information Center. "Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, Energy". Diakses tanggal 16 October 2007. 
  • Charles V. Nielsen and George F. Richardson. 1982 Keystone Coal Industry Manual (1982)
  • Saleem H. Ali. "Minding our Minerals, 2006."
  • A.K. Srivastava. Coal Mining Industry in India (1998) (ISBN 81-7100-076-2)
  • Department of Trade and Industry, UK. "The Coal Authority". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 13 October 2008. Diakses tanggal 16 October 2007. 
  • Tonge, James. The principles and practice of coal mining (1906)
  • Woytinsky, W. S., and E. S. Woytinsky. World Population and Production Trends and Outlooks (1953) pp 840–881; with many tables and maps on the worldwide coal industry in 1950

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]