Maiolica

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Gambar Istoriato diatas piring yang berasal dari Castel Durante, c.1550-1570 (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lille)

Maiolica, atau disebut juga sebagai Majolica[1] adalah tembikar timah yang berasal dari periode Renaisans. Karya ini dilukis dengan penuh warna pada latar belakang putih, yang terkadang menggambarkan adegan pada cerita sejarah dan mitos yang dikenal sebagai istoriato ("dilukis dengan cerita"). Pada akhir abad ke-15, di beberapa tempat, terutama kota-kota kecil Italia bagian tengah dan utara, mulai memproduksi barang-barang canggih untuk pasar mewah di Italia dan sekitarnya.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ The spelling with long I [like kite, splice], "maiolica", gives rise to the Anglicised pronunciation "majolica", which is also used for 19th-century lead-glazed earthenware [coloured lead glazes applied to biscuit, then fired]: see Majolica.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Caiger-Smith, Alan, Tin-Glaze Pottery in Europe and the Islamic World: The Tradition of 1000 Years in Maiolica, Faience and Delftware (Faber and Faber, 1973) ISBN 0-571-09349-3
  • Cohen, David Harris and Hess, Catherine, A Guide To Looking At Italian Ceramics (J. Paul Getty Museum in association with British Museum Press, 1993)
  • Cora, Galeazzo Storia della Maiolica di Firenze e del Contado. Secoli XIV e XV (Florence:Sassoni) 1973. The standard monograph on the main early centers, published in an extravagant format that now brings over $1200 on the book market.
  • Faenza. Journal published since 1914 devoted to maiolica and glazed earthenwares.
  • Honey, W.B., European Ceramic Art (Faber and Faber, 1952)
  • Liverani, G. La maiolica Italiana sino alla comparsa della Porcellana Europea A summary of a century's study, largewly based on surviving examples.
  • Mussachio, Jacqueline, Marvels of Maiolica: Italian Renaissance Ceramics from the Corcoran Gallery of Art (Bunker Hill Publishing, 2004)
  • Osterman, Matthias, The New Maiolica: Contemporary Approaces to Colour and Technique (A&C Black/University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999) ISBN 0-7136-4878-3
  • Rackham, Bernard. Italian Maiolica (London: Faber and Faber Monographs)
  • Wilson, Timothy, "Ceramic Art of the Italian Renaissance (London) 1987. Bibliography.
  • ---, Maiolica: Italian Renaissance Ceramics in the Ashmolean Museum (Ashmolean Handbooks, 1989) ISBN 0-907849-90-3

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]