London Philharmonic Orchestra

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Royal Festival Hall, London, basis utama orkestra

London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO) adalah salah satu dari lima orkestra simfoni permanen yang berbasis di London. Ini didirikan oleh konduktor Sir Thomas Beecham dan Malcolm Sargent pada 1932 sebagai pesaing dari London Symphony dan BBC Symphony Orchestras.

Catatan dan referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan

Referensi

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Aldous, Richard (2001). Tunes of Glory – The Life of Malcolm Sargent. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0091801311. 
  • Elkin, Robert (1944). Queen's Hall, 1893–1941. London: Rider. OCLC 636583612. 
  • Hill, Ralph (ed) (1951). Music 1951. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books. OCLC 26147349. 
  • Jenkins, Lyndon (2005). While Spring and Summer Sang – Thomas Beecham and the Music of Frederick Delius. Aldershot: Ashgate. ISBN 0754607216. 
  • Kennedy, Michael (1987). Adrian Boult. London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 0333487524. 
  • Kenyon, Nicholas (1981). The BBC Symphony Orchestra, 1930–1980. London: British Broadcasting Corporation. ISBN 0563176172. 
  • Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham – An Obsession with Music. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843834021. 
  • Moore, Jerrold Northrop (1982). Philharmonic – Jubilee 1932–1982. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0091473004. 
  • Morrison, Richard (2004). Orchestra –The LSO: A Century of Triumph and Turbulence. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 057121584X. 
  • Peacock, Alan (chairman) (1970). Report on Orchestral Resources in Great Britain. London: Arts Council of Great Britain. ISBN 011981062X. 
  • Pirouet, Edmund (1998). Heard Melodies are Sweet – A History of the London Philharmonic Orchestra. Hove: Book Guild. ISBN 1857763815. 
  • Reid, Charles (1968). Malcolm Sargent – A Biography. London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 0800850807. 
  • Reid, Charles (1961). Thomas Beecham – An Independent Biography. London: Victor Gollancz. OCLC 500565141. 
  • Sackville-West, Edward; Desmond Shawe-Taylor (1955). The Record Guide. London: Collins. OCLC 474839729. 
  • Simeone, Nigel; Simon Mundy (1980). Sir Adrian Boult – Companion of Honour. London: Midas Books. ISBN 0859362124. 
  • Stuart, Philip (1997). The London Philharmonic discography. Westport, US: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313291365. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]