Khmer Serei

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Wilayah-wilayah di Kamboja
Kegiatan-kegiatan pembelot di Indochina, 1951

Khmer Serei (bahasa Khmer: ខ្មែរសេរី [kʰmae seːrəj]; "Khmer Bebas") adalah sebuah pasukan gerilya anti-komunis dan anti-monarkis yang dibentuk oleh nasionalis Kamboja Son Ngoc Thanh. Pada 1959, ia menerbitkan 'Manifesto Khmer Serei' mengklaim bahwa Sihanouk mendukung 'komunisasi' Kamboja.[1] Pada 1960an, Khmer Serei bertumbuh dalam hal jumlah, berharap menjadi pasukan pejuang dan politik yang besar.

Tujuan utama Khmer Serei adalah untuk mendestabilisasikan kekuasaan yang berdiri dan dipegang oleh pemimpin Kamboja saat itu, Raja Norodom Sihanouk dan menggulingkan kekuasaannya – dan menjadi bagian permanen dari politik Kamboja.[2]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ben Kiernan. How Pol Pot Came to Power: Colonialism, Nationalism, and Communism in Cambodia, 1930-1975, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985), p.47
  2. ^ Robert L. Turkoly-Joczik. The Khmer Serei Movement, Asian Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring, 1988), p.48

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Chandler, D. P. The Tragedy of Cambodian History: Politics, War and Revolution since 1945. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980.
  2. Chandler, D. P. A History of Cambodia. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1983.
  3. Corfield, J. Khmers Stand Up!: A History of the Cambodian Government 1970-1975, Melbourne: Monash University, 1994.
  4. CMH Publication 90-23, Department of the Army, Vietnam Studies, U.S. Army Special Forces 1961-1971, Washington, D.C. 1989 (First Printed, 1973).
  5. Executed Today (blog) “1964: Preap In, Khmer Serei operative”, January 20, 2013, http://www.executedtoday.com/2013/01/20/1964-preap-in-sihanouk-cambodia/
  6. Hammer, E. J. The Struggle for Indochina, California: Stanford University Press, 1966.
  7. Heder, S. Kampuchean Occupation and Resistance. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University, 1980.
  8. Kershaw, R. Monarchy in South-East Asia: The Faces of Tradition in Transition, London: Routledge, 2001.
  9. Kiernan, B. How Pol Pot Came to Power: Colonialism, Nationalism, and Communism in Cambodia, 1930-1975. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.
  10. Martin, M. A. Cambodia: A Shattered Society, trans. Mark W. McLeod, Berkerley: University of California Press, 1989.
  11. Radu, M. The New Insurgencies, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 1990.
  12. Turkoly-Joczik, R, L. The Khmer Serei Movement, Asian Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring, 1988).
  13. Short, P. Pol Pot: Anatomy of a Nightmare. New York: Henry Holt, 2005.
  14. Shawcross, W. Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia, London: The Hogarth Press 1986.
  15. Zucker, E. M. Forest of Struggle: Moralities of Remembrance in Upland Cambodia, Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2013.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Mason L. and Brown R. Rice, Rivalry and Politics: Managing Cambodian Relief, Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983.
  2. Shawcross W. The Quality of Mercy, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984.
  3. Vickery M. Kampuchea, Politics, Economics and Society, London: Frances Pinter, 1986.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]