Kapal selam kelas Typhoon

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Lompat ke: navigasi, cari

Project 941 atau Akula, kapal selam Rusia kelas "Акула" ("Shark") (Nama NATO: Typhoon) adalah jenis kelas kapal selam rudal balistik yang diluncurkan oleh Soviet Navy pada tahun 1980an.

Dengan perpindahan selam 48.000 ton, Typhoon adalah kelas terbesar dari kapal selam yang pernah dibangun, cukup besar untuk menampung fasilitas hidup yang layak bagi kru ketika menyelam selama berbulan-bulan. Sumber nama pelaporan NATO masih belum jelas, meskipun sering diklaim terkait dengan penggunaan kata "topan" ("тайфун") oleh Leonid Brezhnev dalam pidatonya 1974 yang menggambarkan tipe baru kapal selam rudal balistik nuklir, sebagai reaksi terhadap US Navy kapal selam kelas Ohio. [1][2][3][4]

A Typhoon class submarine on the surface in 1985.

Units[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
TK-208[5] Dmitriy Donskoy June 30, 1976 September 27, 1980 December 29, 1981[1] In service. Upgraded to project 941UM for use of Bulava missiles(1 launcher)[6]
TK-202 April 22, 1978 September 23, 1982 December 28, 1983[1] Withdrawn from active service in June 1999, scrapped with the financial support of the U.S.
TK-12,Simbirsk April 19, 1980 December 17, 1983 December 26, 1984[1] Withdrawn from active service in 1996, scrapped 2006–2008
TK-13 February 23, 1982 April 30, 1985 December 26, 1985[1] Withdrawn from active service in 1997, scrapped 2007–2009[7]
TK-17[8] Arkhangelsk August 9, 1983 December 12, 1986 December 15, 1987[1] Decommissioned in 2006[9] Still in reserve with the Northern Fleet.
TK-20[10] Severstal August 27, 1985 April 11, 1988 December 19, 1989[1] Decommissioned in 2004[9] Still in reserve with the Northern Fleet.
TK-210 1986 1990 (scrapped on the ways)[1]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Podvodnye Lodki, Yu.V. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2002, ISBN 5-8172-0069-4
  2. ^ "Submarine Milestones - Largest Subs". National Geographic. 1981-12-12. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-14. 
  3. ^ Waller D.C. (March 2001). "Essay - The Hunt for Big Red" (PDF). Wake Forest Magazine 48 (3): 28–31. Diakses tanggal 13 October 2009. 
  4. ^ Bulletin of the atomic scientists (Atomic Scientists of Chicago) 57 (2001): 21. 
  5. ^ TK-208 received the name Dmitri Donskoi.
  6. ^ "25.02.10 "Булаву" впервые испытают на АПЛ проекта "Борей" - Военный паритет". Militaryparitet.com. Diakses tanggal 2012-07-22. 
  7. ^ Text: Trude Pettersen (2009-06-04). "One sub out, another one in". BarentsObserver. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-14. 
  8. ^ TK-17 received the name Arkhangelsk on 18 November 2002.
  9. ^ a b "Russia, USA Liquidated Entire Class of Ballistic Missiles". Russian Navy. 2012-09-17. Diakses tanggal 2012-09-26. 
  10. ^ TK-20 received the name Severstal.