Kaca Romawi

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Berkas:Vidrio-Romano-195x300.jpg
Kaca Romawi asli berwarna hijau khas.
Cangkir sarang Munich dari Koln, tertanggal pertengahan abad ke-4. Koleksi Staatliche Antikensammlung

Objek-objek kaca Romawi diangkat di sepanjang kekaisaran Romawi dalam konteks domestik, industrial dan pemakaman. Kaca biasanya digunakan untuk membuat barang-barang hias, meskipun genting mosaik dan kaca jendela juga dibuat. Pembuatan kaca Romawi berkembang dari tradisi teknikal Hellenistik, yang awalnya berkonsentrasi pada produksi barang-barang kaca berwarna. Namun, pada abad ke-1 Masehi, industri tersebut bertumbuh cepat dengan pengenalan penggelembungan kaca dan dominasi gelas bening atau tak berwarna. Produksi kaca mentak dilakukan untuk mengerjakan kaca menjadi barang-barang hias di lokasi terpisah,[1][2] dan pada akhir abad ke-1 Masehi, pembuatan skala besar diakibatkan karena penggunaan kaca sebagai material yang umum yang tersedia di dunia Romawi, dan juga memiliki teknik yang sangat sulit khususnya gaya-gaya kaca mewah, yang harus sangat menghabiskan banyak biaya.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Fleming, S. J., 1999. Roman Glass; reflections on cultural change. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
  2. ^ Stern, E. M., 1999. Roman Glassblowing in a Cultural Context. American Journal of Archaeology 103/3, 441-484.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

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