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|Raffles Hotel and Resorts|
Raffles Hotel Singapore
|Lokasi||1 Beach Road, Singapore 189673|
|Desain dan konstruksi|
|Arsitek||Regent Alfred John Bidwell|
|Ditetapkan:||4 Maret 1987|
Hotel Raffles adalah hotel mewah bergaya kolonial di Singapura. Hotel ini dibangun oleh pebisnis perhotelan Armenia, Sarkies Bersaudara, pada 1887. Hotel ini dinamai berdasarkan negarawan Inggris Thomas Stamford Raffles, pendiri Singapura. It is the flagship property of Raffles Hotels & Resorts, and is managed by AccorHotels after Accor acquired FRHI Hotels & Resorts. The hotel is owned by Qatar-based, government-owned Katara Hospitality. The hotel commenced Phase 3 of a three-phase restoration programme on 13 December 2017. The Raffles Hotel reopened in August 2019 following the completion of the renovation.
Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]
Hotel Raffles awalnya berfungsi sebagai rumah pantai milik swasta yang dibangun pada awal 1830-an. Hotel ini terlebih dahulu bernama Emerson's Hotel ketika Charles Emerson menyewa gedung ini pada 1878. Hingga kematiannya pada 1883, hotel ini ditutup, dan Raffles Institution stepped in to use the building as a boarding house until Dr. Emerson's lease expired in September 1887.
Almost immediately after the first lease expired, the Sarkies Brothers leased the property from Syed Mohamed Alsagoff, its owner, with the intention of turning it into a high-end hotel. A few months later, on December 1, 1887, the ten-room Raffles Hotel opened. Its proximity to the beach and its reputation for high standards in services and accommodations made the hotel popular with wealthy clientele.
Within the hotel's first decade, three new buildings were added on to the original beach house. First, a pair of two-story wings were completed in 1890, each containing 22 guest suites. Soon afterward, the Sarkies Brothers leased a neighboring building at No. 3 Beach Road, renovated it, and in 1894, the Palm Court Wing was completed. The new additions brought the hotel's total guest rooms to 75.
A few years later, a new main building was constructed on the site of the original beach house. Designed by architect Regent Alfred John Bidwell of Swan and Maclaren, it was completed in 1899. The new main building offered numerous state-of-the-art (for the time) features, including powered ceiling fans and electric lights. In fact, the Raffles Hotel was the first hotel in the region to have electric lights.
The hotel continued to expand over the years with the addition of wings, a veranda, a ballroom, a bar, a billiards room, as well as other buildings and rooms. The Great Depression spelled trouble for Raffles Hotel and, in 1931, the Sarkies Brothers declared bankruptcy. In 1933, the financial troubles were resolved, and a public company called Raffles Hotel Ltd. was established.
Upon the start of the Japanese occupation of Singapore on February 15, 1942, it is said that the Japanese soldiers encountered the guests in Raffles Hotel dancing one final waltz. Meanwhile, staff buried the hotel silver—including the silver beef trolley—in the Palm Court. During World War II, Raffles Hotel was renamed Syonan Ryokan (昭南旅館 shōnan ryokan), incorporating Syonan ("Light of the South"), the Japanese name for occupied Singapore, and ryokan, the name for a traditional Japanese inn. The hotel was reclaimed in 1945 during Operation Tiderace by the British Navy. Stanley Redington raised the British flag on top of the Raffels Hotel.
In 1987, a century after it first opened, Austrian writer and researcher Andreas Augustin discovered the long lost original drawings of Raffles Hotel, hidden in a Singaporean archive. That year these drawings were published for the first time in the book The Raffles Treasury. The Raffles Hotel was declared a National Monument by the Singapore government in 1987.
In 1989, the hotel closed to undergo an extensive renovation that lasted two years and cost $160 million. The hotel reopened on September 16, 1991. While the hotel was restored to the grand style of its 1915 heyday, significant changes were made. All guest rooms were converted to suites. In addition, Long Bar, which was a favorite spot of celebrities such as Somerset Maugham, was relocated from the lobby to a new adjoining shopping arcade. Long Bar is also where the national cocktail, the Singapore Sling was invented by bartender Ngiam Tong Boon.
In April 2010, it was reported that a Qatari sovereign wealth fund bought Raffles Hotel for $275 million. In addition to taking over the Raffles Hotel, the Qatar Investment Authority would inject $467 million into Fairmont Raffles Hotels International in exchange for a 40% stake in the luxury hotel chain.
At one time, the Raffles Hotel maintained a hotel museum. It displayed memorabilia such as photographs, silver and china items, postcards, and menus, as well as old and rare editions of the works of the famous writers who stayed there. The museum also displayed photographs of its famous guests and visitors. The Raffles Hotel Museum closed in 2012. In December 2015, the Fairmont/Raffles brands were purchased by the French multinational hotel group AccorHotels.
A major renovation of the hotel was undertaken starting January 2017, and the hotel closed in December 2017 allow renovation work to proceed. The rooms were refurbished and soundproofed, and the number of suites increased from 103 to 115. New technology were incorporated and a new marble floor was installed. Its various food and beverage outlets were revamped, and the Writer's Bar formerly in a corner of the lobby given its own space. its former Jubilee Theatre was transformed into a ballroom. The hotel reopened on 1 August 2019.
Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]
- ^ "Accor Buys Luxury Fairmont Brands as Hotel Deals Heat Up". BloomburgBusiness. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 16 December 2015. Diakses tanggal 29 December 2015.
- ^ a b "Raffles Hotel – About Us". Raffles Hotel. Fairmont Raffles Hotels International. Diakses tanggal 31 March 2019.
- ^ Cripps, Karla (3 August 2019). "Singapore's historic Raffles Hotel reopens following two-year makeover". CNNTravel. CNN. Diakses tanggal 13 August 2019.
- ^ a b c d e f "Raffles Hotel". Singapore Infopedia. National Library Board Singapore. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 10 September 2015. Diakses tanggal 28 September 2015.
- ^ "Raffles Hotel, Singapore". Amassia Publishing. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ Edwards, Norman; Keys, Peter (1988). Singapore – A Guide to Buildings, Streets, Places. Times Books International. ISBN 9971-65-231-5. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ Meade, Martin; Fitchett, Joseph; Lawrence, Anthony (1987). Grand Oriental Hotels from Cairo to Tokyo, 1800–1939. J.M. Dent & Sons. hlm. 172. ISBN 0-460-04754-X.
- ^ Shenon, Philip (10 October 1991). "Singapore Journal; Back to Somerset Maugham and Life's Seamy Side". The New York Times. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 25 May 2015. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ "Raffles Hotel – Long Bar". Raffles Hotel. Fairmont Raffles Hotels International. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 5 October 2015. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ Ling, Chan Sue; Chua, Linus (18 July 2005). "Colony to Buy Raffles' Hotel Business for S$1.45 Bln (Update5)". Bloomberg. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ "Raffles Hotel sold to Qatari Diar for $275 Million". SWFI. Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 4 March 2016. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ "Raffles Hotel, The Grand Old Lady of Singapore, Has Its Own Museum". Thai Airways. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 5 May 2018. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ "Visiting the Long Bar at Singapore's Historic Raffles Hotel". Traveling With the Jones. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 20 December 2014. Diakses tanggal 29 September 2015.
- ^ "Accor Buys Luxury Fairmont Brands as Hotel Deals Heat Up". Bloomburg Business. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 16 December 2015. Diakses tanggal 29 December 2015.
- ^ Mayuko Tani (13 October 2016). "Raffles Hotel to close for 6 months for major renovation". Nikkei.
- ^ Wu, Daven (11 September 2019). "Inside the recently reopened Raffles Hotel: raise a Singapore sling to the marvellous makeover". South China Morning Post.
- ^ Bowers, Beatrice. "Literature and history are transformed into cocktails at the new Writer's Bar".
- ^ Cai, Candice (1 August 2019). "New 'old' Raffles Hotel reopens after 2-year renovation. Here's how it looks inside". ASIAONE.
- ^ Cripps, Karla (3 August 2019). "Singapore's historic Raffles Hotel reopens following two-year makeover". CNN.
Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Andreas Augustin, The Raffles Treasury, Secrets of a Grand Old Lady. Treasury Publishing (1987). ASIN B000PCGBHO[tanpa ISBN]
- Andreas Augustin, Raffles, The Most Famous Hotels in the World. London/Singapore/Vienna, (1986)
- Chefs of Raffles Hotel, The Raffles Hotel Cookbook. Butterworth-Heinemann (2003). ISBN 978-981-4068-58-1
- Fables From the Raffles Hotel Arcade. Angsana Books (1995). ISBN 978-981-3056-72-5
- Raymond Flower, The Year of the Tiger. Singapore (1986).
- Gretchen Liu, Raffles Hotel style. Raffles Hotel (1997). ISBN 978-981-3018-86-0
- Ralph Modder, Romancing the Raffles: A Collection of Short Stories. SNP Editions (2000). ISBN 981-4059-69-2
- Ryu Murakami (Author), Corinne Atlan (trans.), Raffles Hotel. Picquier (2002). ISBN 978-2-87730-583-9
- Lenzi, Iola (2004). Museums of Southeast Asia. Singapore: Archipelago Press. hlm. 200. ISBN 981-4068-96-9.
- Maurizio Peleggi, "The Social and Material Life of Colonial Hotels: Comfort Zones as Contact Zones in British Colombo and Singapore, ca. 1870–1930." Journal of Social History 46.1 (2012): 125–153
- Ilsa Sharp, There Is Only One Raffles: The Story of a Grand Hotel. Ulverscroft Large Print (1991). ISBN 978-0-7089-2453-2
- William Warren, Jill Gocher (2007). Asia's legendary hotels: the romance of travel. Singapore: Periplus Editions. ISBN 978-0-7946-0174-4.
- Nadia Wright, Respected Citizens: The History of Armenians in Singapore and Malaysia. Amassia Publishing (2003), pp. 114–132. ISBN 978-0-9751082-0-8
Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]
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