Garis Demarkasi Militer

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Garis Demarkasi Militer di Zona Demiliterisasi Korea.
Garis Demarkasi Militer
Hangeul군사분계선 / 휴전선
Hanja軍事分界線 / 休戰線
Alih Aksara yang DisempurnakanGunsabungyeseon / Hyujeonseon
McCune–ReischauerKunsabungyesŏn / Hyujŏnsŏn

Garis Demarkasi Militer (Military Demarcation Line, MDL), yang terkadang disebut sebagai Garis Gencatan Senjata, adalah perbatasan tanah atau garis demarkasi antara Korea Utara dan Korea Selatan. Di setiap sisi dari garis tersebut adalah Zona Demiliterisasi Korea (Korean Demilitarized Zone, DMZ). MDL dan DMZ didirikan oleh Gencatan Senjata pada akhir Perang Korea pada tahun 1953.[1]

Di Laut Kuning, dua Korea terbagi oleh sebuah "garis demarkasi militer" maritim de facto dan perbatasan maritim yang disebut Garis Batas Utara (Northern Limit Line, NLL) yang digambarkan oleh Komando Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa pada tahun 1953.[2] NLL tak dijelaskan oleh Perjanjian Gencatan Senjata Korea.[3]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ The MDL was defined and established in the Korean Armistice Agreement (KAA), Article I, paragraphs 1–11. The KAA includes provisions regarding the MDL and DMZ; but those provisions do not extend into the Yellow Sea or the Sea of Japan. The subsequently devised Northern Boundary Line or NLL was neither initially conceived as part of the MDL, nor have the DPRK and UNC agreed to any subsequent extension of the MDL beyond the agreed upon limits of 1953/7/27.
  2. ^ Ryoo, Moo Bong. (2009). "The Korean Armistice and the Islands," p. 5. Strategy research project at the U.S. Army War College; excerpt, "Strategic Consequences of the Agreement. The agreement to retain the five islands under UNC control has shaped many aspects of the security environment of the Korean Peninsula. The most obvious and prominent consequence is the establishment of the Northern Limit Line (NLL). The NLL has served as a practical maritime borderline and an effective means to separate the forces and thus prevent military clashes between th two Koreas"; compare Kim, Kwang-Tae. "After Exchange of Fire, N. Korea Threatens More Strikes on South," Time (US). November 23, 2010.
  3. ^ Pak, Hŭi-gwŏn. (2000). The Law of the Sea and Northeast Asia: a Challenge for Cooperation, p. 108, hlm. 108, di Google Books
    excerpt, "Under the 1953 Armistice Agreement, the Military Demarcation Line was drawn across the Korean peninsula. Since no maritime demarcation line was specified in the Armistice Agreement, however, the United Nations Command drew the NLL...."

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]