Dihya

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Dihya
Statue of Dyhia in Khenchela (Algeria).jpg
Tugu Dihya di Khenchela, Aljazair
BerkuasaAwal abad ketujuh
Wafat703 M
Tabarka
Pemakaman

Dihya atau Kahina (Berber: ⴷⵉⵀⵢⴰ Dihya, atau ⴷⴰⵎⵢⴰ Damya) adalah seorang ratu Berber yang dikenal akan upayanya untuk menghalau serangan Muslim. Ia dilahirkan di suku Jrāwa pada awal abad ketujuh.[1] Ia adalah penguasa Kerajaan Aurès.

Pada tahun 703 M, ia gugur dalam pertempuran melawan pasukan Muslim, dan Kerajaan Aurès pun mengalami keruntuhan.

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Naylor, Phillip C. (3 December 2009). North Africa: A History from Antiquity to the Present (dalam bahasa Inggris). University of Texas Press. hlm. 65. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ibn Khaldun, Kitāb al-Ibar. Usually cited as: Histoire des Berbères et des dynasties musulmanes de l'Afrique septentrionale, a French trans. by William McGuckin de Slane, Paul Geuthner, Paris, 1978. This 19th-century translation should now be regarded as obsolete. There is a more accurate modern French translation by Abdesselam Cheddadi, Peuples et Nations du Monde: extraits des Ibar, Sindbad, Paris, 1986 & 1995. Hirschberg (1963) gives an English translation of the section where Ibn Khaldun discusses the supposed Judaized Jarāwa.
  • Hannoum, Abdelmajid. (2001). Post-Colonial Memories: The Legend of the Dihyā, a North African Heroine (Studies in African Literature). ISBN 0-325-00253-3. This is a study of the legend of the Dihyā in the 19th century and later. The first chapter is a detailed critique of how the legend of the Dihyā emerged after several transformations from the 9th century to the 14th.
  • Hirschberg, H. Z. (November 1963). "The Problem of the Judaized Berbers". The Journal of African History (dalam bahasa Inggris). 4 (3): 313–339. doi:10.1017/S0021853700004278. ISSN 1469-5138. 
  • Hirschberg, H. Z. (1974). A History of the Jews in North Africa (dalam bahasa Inggris). Volume 1 From Antiquity to the Sixteenth Century (edisi ke-2nd ed., Eng. trans.). Brill. ISBN 9789004038202. 
  • al-Mālikī, Riyād an-Nufūs. Partial French trans. (including the story of the Dihyā) by H.R. Idris, 'Le récit d'al-Mālikī sur la Conquête de l'Ifrīqiya', Revue des Etudes Islamiques 37 (1969) 117-149. The accuracy of this translation has been criticised by Talbi (1971) and others.
  • Modéran, Yves (2005). "Kahena". Encyclopédie berbère. 27 | Kairouan – Kifan Bel-Ghomari. Aix-en-Provence: Edisud. hlm. 4102–4111.  The most recent critical study of the historical sources.
  • Talbi, Mohammed. (1971). Un nouveau fragment de l'histoire de l'Occident musulman (62-196/682-812): l'épopée d'al Kahina. (Cahiers de Tunisie vol. 19 p. 19-52). An important historiographical study.
  • at-Tijānī, Rihlat. Arabic text ed. by H.H. Abdulwahhab, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, 1994. French trans. by A. Rousseau in Journal Asiatique, section containing the story of the Dihyā is in n.s. 4, vol. 20 (1852) 57-208.