Charles Williams (penulis Inggris)

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Charles Williams
Charles Williams.jpg
Lahir Charles Walter Stansby Williams
20 September 1886
London, Inggris
Meninggal 15 Mei 1945 (umur 58)
Oxford, Inggris
Pekerjaan Novelis
Kewarganegaraan Inggris
Aliran sastra Fantasi
Karya terkenal War in Heaven
The Place of the Lion
The Greater Trumps
Descent into Hell
Pasangan Florence Conway

Charles Walter Stansby Williams (lahir di London, Inggris, 20 September 1886 – meninggal di Oxford, Inggris, 15 Mei 1945 pada umur 58 tahun) adalah seorang penyair, novelis, pengarang drama, kritikus sastra dan anggota Inklings asal Inggris.

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Williams lahir di London pada 1886, sebagai putra tunggal dari (Richard) Walter Stansby Williams (1848-1929), seorang jurnalis dan koresponden bisnis luar negeri (untuk firma pengimporan, menulis dalam bahasa Perancis dan Jerman),[1][2] yang merupakan seorang kontributor cerita dan artikel 'giat dan bernilai' untuk beberapa majalah populer,[3] dan istrinya Mary (née Wall, saudari eklesiologis dan sejarawan J. Charles Wall[3]), a former milliner,[4] asal Islington. Ia memiliki satu adik, Edith, yang lahir pada 1889.

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Novel[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1930: War in Heaven (London: Victor Gollancz)
  • 1930: Many Dimensions (London: Victor Gollancz)
  • 1931: The Place of the Lion (London: Mundanus)
  • 1932: The Greater Trumps (London: Victor Gollancz)
  • 1933: Shadows of Ecstasy (London: Victor Gollancz)
  • 1937: Descent into Hell (London: Faber & Faber)
  • 1945: All Hallows' Eve (London: Faber & Faber)[5]
  • 1970–72: The Noises That Weren’t There. Belum rampung. Tiga bab pertama diterbitkan dalam Mythlore 6 (Musim Gugur 1970), 7 (Musim Dingin 1971) dan 8 (Musim Dingin 1972).

Permainan panggung[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • c. 1912: The Chapel of the Thorn[6] (disunting oleh Sørina Higgins; Berkeley: Apocryphile Press, 2014)
  • 1930: A Myth of Shakespeare (London: Oxford University Press)
  • 1930: A Myth of Francis Bacon (diterbitkan dalam Charles Williams Society Newsletter, 11, 12, and 14)
  • 1929–31: Three Plays (London: Oxford University Press)
    • The Rite of the Passion (1929)
    • The Chaste Wanton (1930)
    • The Witch (1931)
  • 1963: Collected Plays by Charles Williams (disunting oleh John Heath-Stubbs; London: Oxford University Press)
    • Thomas Cranmer of Canterbury (1936). Canterbury Festival play, following T. S. Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral in the preceding (inaugural) year.
    • Seed of Adam (1937)
    • Judgement at Chelmsford (1939)
    • The Death of Good Fortune (1939)
    • The House by the Stable (1939)
    • Terror of Light (1940)
    • Grab and Grace (1941)
    • The Three Temptations (1942)
    • House of the Octopus (1945)
  • 2000: The Masques of Amen House (disunting oleh David Bratman. Mythopoeic Press).
    • The Masque of the Manuscript (1927)
    • The Masque of Perusal (1929)
    • The Masque of the Termination of Copyright (1930)

Puisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1912: The Silver Stair (London: Herbert and Daniel)
  • 1917: Poems of Conformity (London: Oxford University Press)
  • 1920: Divorce (London: Oxford University Press)
  • 1924: Windows of Night (London: Oxford University Press)
  • 1930: Heroes and Kings (London: Sylvan Press)
  • 1954: Taliessin through Logres (1938) and The Region of the Summer Stars (1944) (London: Oxford University Press)
  • 1991: Charles Williams, ed. David Llewellyn Dodds (Woodbridge and Cambridge, UK: Boydell & Brewer: Arthurian Poets series). Part II, Uncollected and unpublished poems (pp. 149–281).

Teologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1938: He Came Down from Heaven (London: Heinemann).
  • 1939: The Descent of the Dove: A Short History of the Holy Spirit in the Church (London: Longmans, Green)
  • 1941: Witchcraft (London: Faber & Faber)
  • 1942: The Forgiveness of Sins (London: G. Bles)
  • 1958: The Image of the City and Other Essays (edited by Anne Ridler; London: Oxford University Press). Parts II through V
  • 1990: Outlines of Romantic Theology (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans)

Kritik sastra[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1930: Poetry at Present (Oxford: Clarendon Press).
  • 1932: The English Poetic Mind (Oxford: Clarendon Press).
  • 1933: Reason and Beauty in the Poetic Mind (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
  • 1943: The Figure of Beatrice (London: Faber & Faber)
  • 1948: The Figure of Arthur (unfinished), in Arthurian Torso, ed. C. S. Lewis (London: Oxford University Press)
  • 1958: The Image of the City and Other Essays (edited by Anne Ridler; London: Oxford University Press). Parts I and VI
  • 1974: Religion and Love in Dante: The Theology of Romantic Love (Pennsylvania: Folcroft Library Editions).
  • 2003: The Detective Fiction Reviews of Charles Williams (edited by Jared C. Lobdell; McFarland)

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1933: Bacon (London: Arthur Barker)
  • 1933: A Short Life of Shakespeare (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
  • 1934: James I (London: Arthur Barker)
  • 1935: Rochester (London: Arthur Barker)
  • 1936: Queen Elizabeth (London: Duckworth)
  • 1937: Henry VII (London: Arthur Barker)
  • 1937: Stories of Great Names (London: Oxford University Press)
  • 1946: Flecker of Dean Close (London: Canterbury Press)

Karya lainnya[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1989: Letters to Lalage: The Letters of Charles Williams to Lois Lang-Sims (Kent State University Press)
  • 2002: To Michal from Serge: Letters from Charles Williams to His Wife, Florence, 1939–1945 (edited by Roma King Jr.; Kent State University Press)
  • 1986: "Et in Sempiternum Pereant" (a short story) in The Oxford Book of English Ghost Stories (London: Oxford University Press)
  • Introduction to Evelyn Underhill’s Letters
  • Introduction to the second edition of Gerard Manley Hopkins's Poems
  • Introduction to Søren Kierkegaard's The Present Age
  • The Story of the Aeneid as retold by Williams
  • selected daily readings in A New Christian Year and The Passion of Christ

Sastra sekunder[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ashenden, Gavin (2007), Charles Williams: Alchemy and Integration, Kent State University Press .
  • Carpenter, Humphrey (1978), The Inklings, London: Allen & Unwin .
  • Cavaliero, Glen (1983), Charles Williams: Poet of Theology, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans .
  • Dunning, Stephen M. (2000), The Crisis and the Quest – A Kierkegaardian Reading of Charles Williams, Paternoster Biblical and Theological Monographs .
  • Fiddes, Paul S. (2015), "Charles Williams and the Problem of Evil", in C. S. Lewis and His Circle: Essays and Memoirs from the Oxford C. S. Lewis Society, edited by Roger White, Judith Wolfe, and Brendan N. Wolfe. pp. 65-88, Oxford University Press .
  • Glyer, Diana Pavlac (2007), The Company They Keep: C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien as Writers in Community, Kent, O.: Kent State University Press, ISBN 978-0-87338-890-0 .
  • Hadfield, Alice Mary (1983), Charles Williams: An Exploration of His Life and Work, Oxford: Oxford UP .
  • Heath-Stubbs, John (1955), Charles Williams (pamphlets) (British council), Writers & their work, London: Longmans .
  • Hefling, Charles (2011), "Charles Williams: Words, Images, and (the) Incarnation", di Hein, David; Henderson, Edward, C. S. Lewis and Friends: Faith and the Power of Imagination, London: SPCK, pp. 73–90 .
  • Hillegas, Mark R., ed. (1969), Shadows of Imagination: The Fantasies of C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, and Charles Williams, Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press.
  • Horne, Brian (1995), Charles Williams: A Celebration, Gracewing, ISBN 0-852-44331-5 .
  • Howard, Thomas (1983), The Novels of Charles Williams, New York and London: Oxford University Press .
  • Huttar, Charles A; Schakel, Peter J, ed. (1996), The Rhetoric of Vision: Essays on Charles Williams, Lewisburg, London: Bucknell University Press, Associated University Presses .
  • Karlson, Henry (2010), Thinking with the Inklings, ISBN 1-4505-4130-5 .
  • King, Roma A., Jr. (1990), The Pattern in the Web: The Mythical Poetry of Charles Williams. Kent, O., and London: Kent State University Press.
  • Lewis, C. S. (1948), "Williams and the Arthuriad," in Arthurian Torso, ed. C. S. Lewis, London: Oxford University Press, pp. 93–200.
  • Lindop, Grevel (2015), Charles Williams: The Third Inkling, Oxford University Press 
  • Moorman, Charles (1960), Arthurian Triptych: Mythic Materials in Charles Williams, C. S. Lewis, and T. S. Eliot, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Moorman, Charles (1966), The Precincts of Felicity: The Augustinian City of the Oxford Christians. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.
  • Shideler, Mary McDermott (1966), Charles Williams: A Critical Essay, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans .
  • Owen, James A, The Chronicles of the Imaginarium Geographica (series)  features Charles Williams, C.S. Lewis, and J.R.R. Tolkien as the main characters.
  • Sibley, Agnes (1982), Charles Williams, Boston: Twayne .
  • Walsh, Chad (1974), "Charles Williams' Novels and the Contemporary Mutation of Consciousness", di Montgomery, John Warwick, Myth, Allegory and Gospel: An Interpretation of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, G.K. Chesterton, Charles Williams, Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship, pp. 53–77 .
  • Ware, Kallistos (2015), "Sacramentalism in C. S. Lewis and Charles Williams", in C. S. Lewis and His Circle: Essays and Memoirs from the Oxford C. S. Lewis Society, edited by Roger White, Judith Wolfe, and Brendan N. Wolfe. pp. 53-64, Oxford University Press .
  • Wendling, Susan (2006), "Charles Williams: Priest of the Co-inherence", in INKLINGS Forever, Vol. V, a collection of essays presented at the Fifth Frances White Ewbank Colloquium on C.S. Lewis and Friends, presented at Taylor University.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ https://theoddestinkling.wordpress.com/2013/06/12/cws-life-1886-1908/
  2. ^ The Fellowship: The Literary Lives of the Inklings, Philip and Carol Zaleski, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux (New York), 2015, pg 223
  3. ^ a b Charles Williams and his Contemporaries, ed. Suzanne Bray and Richard Sturch, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009, pg 3
  4. ^ Charles Williams: The Third Inkling, Grevel Lindop, Oxford University Press, 2015, pg 6
  5. ^ Williams, Charles (1945). All Hallows' Eve. Faber & Faber. 
  6. ^ David Llewellyn Dodds, "The Chapel of the Thorn, an Unknown Dramatic Poem by C. Williams," Inklings Jahrbuch 5 (1987): 134,

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]