American Frontier

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American frontier
A black-and-white photograph of a cowboy posing on a horse with a lasso and rifle visible attached to the saddle
The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American frontier, circa 1888

Sekarang Amerika Serikat formerly in order of their assimilation:

American frontier meliputi geografi, sejarah, legenda, dan kebudayaan dari suasana kehidupan pada masa perluasan wilayah pemukiman di Amerika dari awal abad ke-17. Jaman tersebut terkadang disebut Old West, atau Wild West, yang dikenal dengan kisah percintaan dan kekerasannya.

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Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Survei[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Billington, Ray Allen, and Martin Ridge. Westward Expansion: A History of the American Frontier (5th ed. 2001); 892 pp; textbook with 160pp of detailed annotated bibliographies
  • Deverell, William, ed. A Companion to the American West (Blackwell Companions to American History) (2004); 572pp
  • Hine, Robert V., and John Mack Faragher. The American West: A New Interpretive History (Yale University Press, 2000). 576 pp.; textbook
  • Josephy, Alvin. The American heritage book of the pioneer spirit (1965)
  • Lamar, Howard, ed. The New Encyclopedia of the American West (1998); this is a revised version of Reader's Encyclopedia of the American West ed. by Howard Lamar (1977)
  • Milner, Clyde, Carol O'Connor, and Martha Sandweiss, eds. The Oxford History of the American West (1994) long essays by scholars
  • Utley, Robert M. The Story of The West (2003)
  • White, Richard. "It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own": A New History of the American West (1991), textbook focused on post 1890 far west

Great Plain[sunting | sunting sumber]

Historiografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Searchers, a 1956 film portraying Rangers and Comanches on the Frontier in 1868
  • Billington, Ray Allen. America's Frontier Heritage (1984), a favorable analysis of Turner's theories in relation to social sciences and historiography
  • Etulain, Richard W., “Clio’s Disciples on the Rio Grande: Western History at the University of New Mexico,” New Mexico Historical Review 87 (Summer 2012), 277–98.
  • Etulain, Richard W., ed. (2002). Writing Western History: Essays On Major Western Historians. U. of Nevada Press. 
  • Hurtado, Albert L., “Bolton and Turner: The Borderlands and American Exceptionalism,” Western Historical Quarterly, (Spring 2013) 44#1 pp 5–20.
  • Limerick, Patricia. The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West (1987), attacks Turner and promotes the New Western History
  • Witschi, Nicolas S., ed. (2011). A Companion to the Literature and Culture of the American West. John Wiley & Sons. 

Gambar dan memori[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brégent-Heald Dominique. "Primitive Encounters: Film and Tourism in the North American West," Western Historical Quarterly (2007) 38#1 (Spring, 2007), pp. 47–67 in JSTOR
  • Etulain, Richard W. Re-imagining the Modern American West: A Century of Fiction, History, and Art (1996)
  • Hausladen, Gary J. (2006). Western Places, American Myths: How We Think About The West. U. of Nevada Press. 
  • Hyde, Anne Farrar. An American Vision: Far Western Landscape and National Culture, 1820-1920 (New York University Press, 1993)
  • Mitchell, Lee Clark (1998). Westerns: Making the Man in Fiction and Film. U. of Chicago Press. 
  • Prown, Jules David, Nancy K. Anderson, and William Cronon, eds. Discovered Lands, Invented Pasts: Transforming Visions of the American West (1994)
  • Rothman, Hal K. Devil's Bargains: Tourism and the Twentieth-Century American West (University of Kansas Press, 1998)
  • Slotkin, Richard (1998). The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier in the Age of Industrialization, 1800-1890. University of Oklahoma Press. 
  • Slotkin, Richard (1960). Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-Century America. University of Oklahoma Press. 
  • Smith, Henry Nash (1950). Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 
  • Tompkins, Jane (1993). West of Everything: The Inner Life of Westerns. Oxford University Press. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]