Tahun Tiga Paus

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Tahun Tiga Paus umumnya merujuk pada suatu tahun dimana Dewan Kardinal Gereja Katolik melangsungkan setidaknya pemilihan dua paus baru pada tahun yang sama.[1]

Tahun Tiga Paus yang paling terbaru terjadi pada 1978. Tiga Paus tersebut adalah:[2]

  1. Paulus VI, yang terpilih pada 1963 dan wafat pada 6 Agustus 1978.
  2. Yohanes Paulus I, yang terpilih pada 26 Agustus 1978 dan wafat tiga puluh tiga hari kemudian pada 28 September 1978.
  3. Yohanes Paulus II, yang terpilih pada 16 Oktober 1978 dan menjabat sampai kematiannya pada sekitar 27 tahun kemudian yakni 2005.

Tahun-tahun dimana Gereja Katolik Roma dipimpin tiga paus yang berbeda meliputi:

Terdapat juga sebuah tahun dimana Gereja Katolik Roma dipimpin oleh empat paus, yang disebut Tahun Empat Paus:

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan
  1. ^ Kandle, 1978 – The year of three Popes, 30 Agustus 2008. Diakses 2010.09.28.
  2. ^ 1978: The Year Of The Three Popes, Tu Es Petrus. Accessed 2010.09.98.
  3. ^ [1] "Pope Eugene II," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28
  4. ^ [2] "Pope Valentine," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28
  5. ^ [3] "Pope Gregory IV," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28
  6. ^ [4] "Pope Formosus," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  7. ^ [5] "Pope Boniface VI," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  8. ^ [6] "Pope Stephen (VI) VII," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  9. ^ [7] "Pope Stephen (VI) VII," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  10. ^ [8] "Pope Romanus," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  11. ^ [9] "Pope Theodore II," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  12. ^ [10] "Pope John X," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  13. ^ [11] "Pope Leo VI," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  14. ^ [12] "Pope Stephen VII (VIII)," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28. Note: Actual date of Pope Stephen VII's accession is either late 928 or early 929.
  15. ^ [13] "Pope Leo VIII," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  16. ^ [14] "Pope Benedict V," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  17. ^ [15] "Pope John XIII," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  18. ^ [16] "Pope Silvester II," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  19. ^ [17] "Pope John XVII (XVIII)," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  20. ^ [18] "Pope John XVIII (XIX)," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  21. ^ [19] "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  22. ^ a b Sylvester III and Gregory VI are sometimes considered antipopes
  23. ^ [20] "Pope Benedict IX," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  24. ^ [21] "Pope Gregory VI," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  25. ^ [22] "Pope Urban III," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  26. ^ [23] "Pope Gregory VIII," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  27. ^ [24] "Pope Clement III," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  28. ^ [25] "Pope Alexander VI," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  29. ^ [26] "Pope Pius III," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  30. ^ [27] "Pope Julius II," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  31. ^ [28] "Pope Julius III," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  32. ^ [29] "Pope Marcellus II," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  33. ^ [30] "Pope Paul IV," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  34. ^ [31] "Pope Sixtus V," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  35. ^ [32] "Pope Urban VII," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  36. ^ [33] "Pope Gregory XIV," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  37. ^ [34] "Pope Clement VIII," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  38. ^ [35] "Pope Leo XI," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  39. ^ [36] "Pope Paul V," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  40. ^ [37] "Pope Gregory X," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  41. ^ [38] "Pope Innocent V," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  42. ^ [39] "Pope Adrian V," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
  43. ^ [40] "Pope John XXI (XX)," Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed 2010.09.28.
Daftar pustaka

Peter Hebblethwaite, The Year of Three Popes. William Collins Publishers, 1979.