Ekonomi fasisme

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Ekonomi fasisme adalah kebijakan-kebijakan ekonomi yang diterapkan oleh pemerintahan fasis.

Sejarawan dan kaum terpelajar lainnya berselisih paham dalam hal pertanyaan apakah tipe kebijakan ekonomi dapat dikatakan berwujud secara spesifik. Baker berdalil bahwa terdapat sistem ekonomi yang dapat dikenali dalam fasisme, yang memuat karakteristik pokok yang diamalkan oleh bangsa-bangsa fasis, yang berbeda dengan sistem ekonomi lain yang dianjurkan oleh ideologi lain.[1] Payne, Paxton, Sternhell, dan kawan-kawan setuju bahwa ekonomi-ekonomi fasis berbagi beberapa keserupaan, tidak terdapat bentuk pembeda dari organisasi ekonomi fasis.[2] Feldman dan Mason berpendapat bahwa fasisme dapat dibedakan oleh tidak-hadirnya ideologi ekonomi yang bertalian secara logis dan tidak-hadirnya pemikir ekonomi yang serius. Mereka menyatakan bahwa keputusan-keputusan yang diambil oleh para pemimpin fasis tidak dapat dijelaskan dalam kerangka kerja ekonomi yang logis.[3]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Baker
  2. ^ Payne; Paxton, Sternhell, et al.
  3. ^ Daniel Woodley, Fascism and Political Theory (Fasisme dan Teori Politik), Routlede, 2010, ISBN 978-0-415-47354-5, hal. 161

Kepustakaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Adler, Les K., and Thomas G. Patterson. "Red Fascism: The Merger of Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia in the American Image of Totalitarianism." American Historical Review 75 (April 1970): 1046-64. in JSTOR
  • Alpers, Benjamin L. Dictators, Democracy, and American Public Culture: Envisioning the Totalitarian Enemy, 1920s-1950s. University of North Carolina Press. 2003
  • Baker, David, "The political economy of fascism: Myth or reality, or myth and reality?" New Political Economy, Volume 11, Issue 2 June 2006, pages 227 - 250
  • Blum, George P. The Rise of Fascism in Europe Greenwood Press, 1998
  • Brady, Robert A. The Spirit and Structure of German Fascism 1937.
  • Brady, Robert A. Business as a System of Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943, argues National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) as well as NRA were proto-fascist
  • Braun, Hans-Joachim. The German Economy in the Twentieth Century, Routledge, 1990.
  • Brinkley, Alan. The End of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War. Vintage, 1995.
  • Burnham, James. The Managerial Revolution: What Is Happening in the World 1941.
  • Cannistraro, Philip (ed.). Historical Dictionary of Fascist Italy, Greenwood Press, 1982
  • Diggins, John P. Mussolini and Fascism: The View from America. Princeton University Press, 1972.
  • Falk, Richard. "Will the Empire be Fascist?," The Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, March 24, 2003, [1].
  • Feuer, Lewis S. "American Travelers to the Soviet Union 1917-1932: The Formation of a Component of New Deal Ideology." American Quarterly 14 (June 1962): 119-49. in JSTOR
  • Griffin, Roger. The Nature of Fascism London, Routledge, 1993
  • Kershaw, Ian. The Nazi Dictatorship. Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation, London, Arnold, 3rd edn, 1993.
  • Leighton, Joseph A. Social Philosophies in Conflict, D. Appleton-Century Company, 1937.
  • Lyttelton, Adrian (editor). Liberal and fascist Italy, 1900-1945, Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Maddux, Thomas R. "Red Fascism, Brown Bolshevism: The American Image of Totalitarianism in the 1930s." Historian' 40 (November 1977): 85-103.
  • Mises, Ludwig von Omnipotent Government: The Rise of Total State and Total War, Yale University Press, 1944. [2]
  • Morgan, Philip. Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945 Routledge. 2002
  • Payne, Stanley G. A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 1995
  • Paxton, Robert O.. The Anatomy of Fascism, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004
  • Pells, Richard H. Radical Visions and American Dreams: Culture and Thought in the Depressions Years. Harper and Row, 1973.
  • Rosenof, Theodore. Economics in the Long Run: New Deal Theorists and Their Legacies, 1933-1993. University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
  • Salvemini, Gaetano. Italian Fascism. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1938.
  • Schmidt, Carl T. The corporate state in action; Italy under fascism, Oxford University Press, 1939.
  • Schweitzer, Arthur. Big Business in the Third Reich, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1964.
  • Sohn-Rethel. Alfred. Economy and Class Structure of German Fascism, CSE Books, 1978 ISBN 0-906336-01-5
  • Skotheim, Robert Allen. Totalitarianism and American Social Thought. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1971.
  • Sternhell, Zeev, with Mario Sznajder and Maia Asheri, The Birth of Fascist Ideology, translated by David Maisel (Princeton: Princeton University Press, [1989] 1995).
  • Swedberg, Richard; Schumpeter: A Biography Princeton University Press, 1991.
  • Turner, Henry A. German Big Business and the Rise of Hitler, 1985.
  • Welk, William G. Fascist Economic Policy, Harvard University Press, 1938.
  • Wiesen, S. Jonathan. German Industry and the Third Reich Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies Vol. 13, No. 2 [3]
  • Haseler, Stephen The Death of British Democracy: Study of Britain's Political Present and Future. Prometheus Books 1976. hal. 153

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