Al-Qaeda

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al-Qaeda
القاعدة
Partisipan dalam Perang Dunia atas Terorisme, Perang Afganistan, Perang Irak, dan Musim Semi Arab
Aktif 1988–sekarang
Ideologi Islam Sunni[1][2]
Fundamentalisme Islam[3]
Takfiri[4]
Pan-Islamisme
Kekhalifahan Dunia[5][6][7][8][9]
Qutbisme
Wahabi[10]
Jihad Salafi[11][12]
Anti-Barat
Pemimpin Osama bin Laden (1988–2011)
Ayman al-Zawahiri (2011–sekarang)
Daerah
operasi
Seluruh dunia (mayoritas di Timur Tengah)
Kekuatan Di Afganistan – 50–100[13]
Di Irak - 2,500[14]
In the Maghreb – 300–800[rujukan?]
Di Asia Selatan – 300[15][16]
Di Suriah  – 7,000 - 20,000[17][18]
Di Yaman – 500–600[19]
Sekutu
Musuh  United States of America
 United Kingdom
 Israel
 Pakistan
Bendera NATO Pakta Pertahanan Atlantik Utara
Pasukan Bantuan Keamanan Internasional
Bendera Arab Saudi Arab Saudi
 Irak
 Suriah
 Iran
 Afganistan
 Turki
 Yaman
 Mesir
 Aljazair
Hizbullah[22]

Al-Qaeda (pengucapan bahasa Inggris: [ælˈkaɪdə] atau [ælˈkeɪdə]; bahasa Arab: القاعدة, al-qāʿidah,, transliterasi Indonesia: Al Qa'idah ((Kaidah), "fondasi" atau "dasar") adalah suatu organisasi paramiliter fundamentalis Islam Sunni yang salah satu tujuan utamanya adalah mengurangi pengaruh luar terhadap kepentingan Islam. Al-Qaeda digolongkan sebagai organisasi teroris internasional oleh Amerika Serikat, Uni Eropa, PBB, Britania Raya, Kanada, Australia, dan beberapa negara lain. Walaupun secara filosofis anggotanya bersifat heterogen, sebagian besar anggota berpengaruh dari organisasi ini dianggap mengikuti manhaj Salafi.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wikidata: Al-Qaeda

  1. ^ Damien Cave (December 17, 2006). "For Congress: Telling Sunni From Shiite". New York Times. Diakses January 31, 2014. 
  2. ^ Bernard Haykel (July 26, 2006). "The Enemy of My Enemy Is Still My Enemy". New York Times. Diakses January 31, 2014. 
  3. ^ Atwan 2006, hlm. 40
  4. ^ Blanchard, Christopher M. Islam: Sunnis and Shiites (International Terrorism). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved August 4, 2013
  5. ^ "The Future of Terrorism: What al-Qaida Really Wants – SPIEGEL ONLINE – News – International". Der Spiegel. September 11, 2001. Diakses October 18, 2011. [pranala nonaktif]
  6. ^ "Al-Qaeda seeks global dominance". The Daily Telegraph (London). [pranala nonaktif]
  7. ^ "Jihadists Want Global Caliphate". ThePolitic.com. July 27, 2005. Diakses October 18, 2011. 
  8. ^ Pike, John. "Al-Qaida". Globalsecurity.org. Diakses October 18, 2011. 
  9. ^ Burke, Jason (March 21, 2004). "What exactly does al-Qaeda want?". The Guardian (London). 
  10. ^ Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism and the Spread of Sunni Theofascism[pranala nonaktif] retrieved June 3, 2012
  11. ^ Moghadam, Assaf (2008). The Globalization of Martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks. Johns Hopkins University. hlm. 48. ISBN 978-0-8018-9055-0. 
  12. ^ Livesey, Bruce (January 25, 2005). "Special Reports – The Salafist Movement: Al Qaeda's New Front". PBS Frontline. WGBH educational foundation. Diakses October 18, 2011. 
  13. ^ Roggio, Bill. "How many al Qaeda operatives are now left in Afghanistan?". Threat Matrix. Retrieved August 4, 2013
  14. ^ http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2012/10/09/al-qaeda-iraq/1623297/
  15. ^ Sanger, David E.; Mazzetti, Mark (June 30, 2010). "New Estimate of Strength of Al Qaeda Is Offered". The New York Times. 
  16. ^ "Al Qaeda finds base in India, Modi is on its radar". The Sunday Guardian. 29 March 2014. Diakses 5 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "Factbox: Syria's rebel groups". 2014-01-09. Diakses 2014-05-12. 
  18. ^ "al-Qaeda leader in Syria speaks to al-Jazeera". al-Jazeera. Diakses 4 May 2014. 
  19. ^ Boniface, Pascal. (September 6, 2010).Al-Qaïda : de l’Afghanistan au Yémen ?. Le nouvel Observateur. Retrieved August 4, 2013
  20. ^ Khalaf, Rhoula. "How Qatar seized control of the Syrian revolution". FT Magazine. Diakses February 5, 2014. 
  21. ^ Thompson, Mark. "Africa - Is Qatar fuelling the crisis in north Mali?". France 24. Diakses 29 April 2014. 
  22. ^ Mortada, Radwan (19 May 2014). "Hezbollah fighters and the "jihadis:" Mad, drugged, homicidal, and hungry". al-Akhbar English. Diakses 9 June 2014. 

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