Upacara peralihan

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Upacara peralihan adalah sebuah upacara atau ritual peralihan yang terjadi ketika seseorang meninggalkan satu kelompok untuk memasuki kelompok lainnya. Upacara tersebut melibatkan perubahan signifikan dari status di masyarakat.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Aronson, E. & Mills, J. (1959) "The effect of severity of initiation on liking for a group." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology', pp. 177–181.
  • Bell, B.J. (2003). "The rites of passage and outdoor education: Critical concerns for effective programming". The Journal of Experiential Education. 26 (1): 41–50. doi:10.1177/105382590302600107. 
  • Cushing, P.J. (1998). "Competing the cycle of transformation: Lessons from the rites of passage model". Pathways: The Ontario Journal of Experiential Education. 9 (5): 7–12. 
  • Festinger, L (1961). "The psychological effects of insufficient rewards". American Psychologist. 16 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1037/h0045112. 
  • Garces-Foley, Kathleen (2006). Death and religion in a changing world. ME Sharpe. 
  • Kamau, C (2012). "What does being initiated severely into a group do? The role of rewards". International Journal of Psychology. 48 (3): 399–406. doi:10.1080/00207594.2012.663957. PMID 22512542. 
  • Keating, C. F.; Pomerantz, J.; Pommer, S. D.; Ritt, S. J. H.; Miller, L. M.; McCormick, J. (2005). "Going to college and unpacking hazing: A functional approach to decrypting initiation practices among undergraduates". Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. 9 (2): 104–126. CiteSeerX diakses gratis. doi:10.1037/1089-2699.9.2.104. 
  • Lodewijkx, H. F. M.; van Zomeren, M.; Syroit, J. E. M. M. (2005). "The anticipation of a severe initiation: Gender differences in effects on affiliation tendency and group attraction". Small Group Research. 36 (2): 237–262. doi:10.1177/1046496404272381. 
  • Morgenstern, Julian (1966). Rites of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Kindred Occasions among the Semites. Cincinnati. 
  • Turner, Victor (1967). "Betwixt and between: the liminal period in rites de passage". Forest of symbols: aspects of the Ndembu ritual. Ithaca: Cornell UP. hlm. 23–59. 
  • Turner, Victor W. (1969). The Ritual Process. Penguin. 
  • Van Gennep, Arnold (1909). Les rites de passage (dalam bahasa French). Paris: Émile Nourry. RingkasanReview by Frederick Starr, The American Journal of Sociology, V. 15, No. 5, pp 707-709 (March 1910). 
    • ——; Vizedom, Monika B (Translator); Caffee, Gabrielle L (Translator) (1977) [1960]. The Rites of Passage. Routledge Library Editions Anthropology and Ethnography (edisi ke-Paperback Reprint). Hove, East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-7100-8744-7. 
    • ——; ——; —— (2010) [1960]. The Rites of Passage (edisi ke-Reprint). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-61156-5. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]