S-300 (peluru kendali)

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Lompat ke: navigasi, cari
MoscowParade2009 7.jpg
S-300PMU-2 missile defence system (2).gif
S-300 (HongQi 9 HQ-9) launcher China

S-300 (pelaporan nama NATO :SA-10 Grumble) adalah serangkaian sistem rudal permukaan-ke-udara rentang panjang awalnya Soviet dan kemudian Rusia yang diproduksi oleh NPO Almaz, semua didasarkan pada awal versi S-300P.

S-300 dikembangkan untuk pertahaan terhadap pesawat dan rudal jelajah untuk Angkatan Udara Pertahanan Soviet. Variasi berikutnya dikembangkan untuk mencegat rudal balistik.

Sistem varian S-300PMU-2 terdiri dari:[1]

  • Long-range surveillance radar
  • Command vehicle
  • Engagement radar
  • Launch vehicles (terdiri dari satu unit kendaraan atau lebih)

Jenis Peluru kedali[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 5V55K/KD, (1978), range 47 km (29mile), kecepatan 1,150 m/s (2572 mph), berat 1,450 kg (3,200 lb)
  • 5V55R/RM, (1982[1]), range 90 km (56mile), kecepatan 1,150 m/s (2572 mph), berat 1,450 kg (3,200 lb),
  • 5V55U, (1992) range 150 km (93mile), berat 1,470 kg (3,240 lb)
  • 48N6/E, (1992), range 150 km (93mile), kecepatan 2,800 m/s (6,415 mph), berat 1,780 kg (3,920 lb)
  • 48N6E2, (1992), range 195 km (121mile), kecepatan 2,800 m/s (6,415 mph), berat 1,800 kg (3,970 lb)
  • 9M82, (1984), range 13–100 km (8,1–62 mil) 30 km (98,000 kaki) alt, berat 420 kg (926 lb), pemakai pertama S-300V
  • 9M83, (1984), range 6–75 km (3,7–47 mil) 25 km (82,000 kaki) alt, kecepatan 1.700 m/s (3,800 mph) S-300V
  • 9M83ME, (1990), range 200 km (120mile), pemakai pertama S-300VM
  • 9M96E1, (1999), range 40 km (25mile), kecepatan 4,800–5,000 m/s (10,737–11,185 mph), berat 330 kg (728 lb), pemakai pertama S-400
  • 9M96E2, (1999), range 120 km (75mile), kecepatan 4,800–5,000 m/s (10,737–11,185 mph), berat 420 kg (926 lb), pemakai pertama S-400
  • 40N6, (2000), range 400 km (250mile), pemakai pertama S-400

Variasi dan upgrade[sunting | sunting sumber]

Banyak versi sejak muncul dengan rudal yang berbeda, peningkatan radar, lebih tahan terhadap penanggulangan, jangkauan yang lebih panjang dan kemampuan yang lebih baik terhadap rudal balistik jarak pendek atau target terbang pada ketinggian sangat rendah. Saat ini ada tiga varian utama.

  • S-300P
    • Basis darat S-300P (SA-10)
  • S-300F
    • Basis laut S-300F (SA-N-6)
    • Basis laut S-300FM (SA-N-20)
  • S-300V (SA-12)
  • S-300PMU-1/2 (SA-20)
  • S-400 (SA-21)
  • S-300VM (SA-X-23)

Silsilah Sistem S-300[sunting | sunting sumber]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300 Family
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300V
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300P
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300F
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300V1
 
S-300V2
 
S-300PT
 
 
 
 
S-300PS
 
 
 
 
Fort
 
Rif
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300VM
 
 
 
S-300PT-1
 
S-300PM
 
 
 
 
S-300PMU
 
Fort-M
 
Rif-M
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Favorit-S
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300VM1
 
S-300VM2
 
S-300PT-1A
 
S-300PM1
 
 
 
S-300PMU1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Antey 2500
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-300PM2
 
 
 
 
S-300PMU2
 
 
Russian Version
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Favorit
 
 
 
 
 
Export Version
 
 
 
 
S-300VMD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S-400
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Perbandingan sistem lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

official designation COMPLEX S-300PMU[2] S-300PMU1[3] S-300PMU2[4] S-300VM[4] Patriot PAC-2[5] Patriot PAC-3[6]
Range of,
kms
aerodynamic target 5—90 5—150 3—200 200 (250) 3—160 15, at most 20
ballistic targets at most 35 at most 40 5—40 40 20 15—45[7] (20)[8]
Height defeat,
kms
aerodynamic target 0,025—27 0,01—27 0,01—27 0,025—30 0,06—24 15[8]
ballistic targets (?) (?) 2—25 1-30 3—12 15(?)[8]
Maximum target speed, M/S 1150, at most 1300 at most 2800 at most 2800 4500 of ballistic targets[4] at most 2200 at most 1600 [8]
Maximum speed of the rocket COMPLEX, M/S at most 2000[2] (?) 1900 2600/1700[8] 1700[9] (?)
Number of simultaneously guided anti-aircraft missiles of one COMPLEX at most 12 at most 12 at most 72 48 (?) / 96 (?) at most 24 (?)
Number of simultaneously engaged

targets one COMPLEX

at most 6 at most 6 at most 36 at most 24 at most 8 at most 8
Mass of a rocket, kilo 1400—1600 (?) 330—1900 (?) 900 312
Warhead weight, kilo 150 (?) 180[10] (?) 91 74
Minimum time between launches missiles,SECONDS 3—5 3—5 3 (0 at start from different

CARRIERS MISSILES)

1,5 (0 at start from different

CARRIERS MISSILES)

3—4 (1[9] at start from different

CARRIERS MISSILES)

(?)
The set up time and clotting time of starting

complex, mins

5 5 5 5 15/30 (?) 15/30(?)
means of transportation Wheeled Wheeled Wheeled CATERPILLAR semi trailer semi trailer

Radar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Surveillance radar
GRAU index NATO reporting name Specialisation Target detection range Simultaneously detected targets NATO frequency band First used with Notes
36D6 TIN SHIELD 180–360 km (112-224mile) 120 E/F S-300P Industrial designation: ST-68UM
350 kW to 1.23 MW signal strength
76N6 CLAM SHELL Low altitude detection I S-300P
76N6 CLAM SHELL Low altitude detection 120 km (75mile) 300 I S-300PMU 1.4 kW FM continuous wave
64N6 BIG BIRD Regiment radar 300 km (186mile) C S-300PMU-1
96L6E CHEESE BOARD All altitude detection 300 km (186mile) 300 S-300PMU-1
9S15 BILL BOARD 250 km (155mile) 200 S-300V
9S19 HIGH SCREEN Sector tracking 16 S-300V
MR-75[11] TOP STEER Naval 300 km (186mile) D/E S-300F
MR-800 Voskhod[11] TOP PAIR Naval 200 km (124mile) C/D/E/F S-300F

Target tracking[sunting | sunting sumber]

Target tracking/missile guidance
GRAU index NATO reporting name NATO frequency band Target detection range Simultaneously tracked targets Simultaneously engaged targets First used with Notes
30N6 FLAP LID A I/J 4 4 S-300P
30N6E(1) FLAP LID B H-J 200 km (124mile) 12 6 S-300PMU Phased array
30N6E2 FLAP LID B I/J 200 km (124mile) 72 36 S-300PMU-2
9S32-1 GRILL PAN Multi-band 140–150 km (90mile) 12 6 S-300V
3R41 Volna TOP DOME I/J 100 km (62mile) S-300F

Missiles[sunting | sunting sumber]

two types of missiles for the Russian SA-20 anti-air complex
Missile specifications
GRAU index Year Range Maximum velocity Maximum target Speed Length Diameter Weight Warhead Guidance First used with
5V55K/KD 1978 47 km (29mile) 1,700 m/s (3,800 mph) 1,150 m/s (2572 mph) 7 m (23 ft) 450mm 1,450 kg (3,200 lb) 100 kg (220 lb) Command
5V55R/RM 1984 90 km (56mile) 1,700 m/s (3,800 mph) 1,150 m/s (2572 mph) 7 m (23 ft) 450mm 1,450 kg (3,200 lb) 133 kg (293 lb) SARH
5V55U 1992 150 km (93mile) 2,000 m/s (4,470 mph) 7 m (23 ft) 450mm 1,470 kg (3,240 lb) 133 kg (293 lb) SARH
48N6/E 1992 150 km (93mile) 2,000 m/s (4,470 mph) 2,800 m/s (6,415 mph) 7.5 m (25 ft) 500mm 1,780 kg (3,920 lb) ~150 kg (~330 lb) TVM
48N6E2 1992 195 km (121mile) 2,000 m/s (4,470 mph) 2,800 m/s (6,415 mph) 7.5 m (25 ft) 500mm 1,800 kg (3,970 lb) 150 kg (330 lb) TVM
9M82 1984 13–100 km (8,1–62,1 mi)
30 km (98.000 ft) alt
2.400 m/s (5.400 mph) 420 kg (926 lb) 150 kg (330 lb) SARH by TELAR S-300V
9M83 1984 6–75 km (3,7–46,6 mi)
25 km (82.000 ft) alt
1.700 m/s (3.800 mph) 150 kg (330 lb) SARH by TELAR S-300V
9M83ME 1990 200 km (120mile) SARH by TELAR S-300VM
9M96E1 1999 40 km (25mile) 900 m/s[12] (2,010 mph) 4,800–5,000 m/s
(10,737–11,185 mph)
330 kg (728 lb) 24 kg (53 lb) Active Radar Homing S-400
9M96E2 1999 120 km (75mile) 1,000 m/s[12] (2,240 mph) 4,800–5,000 m/s
(10,737–11,185 mph)
420 kg (926 lb) 24 kg (53 lb) Active Radar Homing S-400
40N6[12] 2000 400 km (250mile) Active Radar Homing S-400

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]