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Manal al-Sharif: Perbedaan antara revisi

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(←Membuat halaman berisi '{{Infobox person | name = Manal al-Sharif<br />{{lang|ar| منال الشريف}} | image = Manal al-Shraif face (cropped).jpg | image_size = | caption...')
 
 
== Catatan kaki ==
 
{{reflist}}|30em|refs=
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<ref name="facebook_page">{{cite web |url= https://www.facebook.com/pages/Manal-Alsharif-%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%81/128474127232675 |title= Manal Alsharif منال الشريف {{!}} Facebook |author= Manal al-Sharif |accessdate=19 August 2011}}</ref>
 
<ref name="RTBF_geek">{{cite news |first= |last= |pages= |language=French |title=Histoire du monde : le droit de conduire |date=23 May 2011 |publisher=[[RTBF]] |url=http://www.rtbf.be/info/emissions/article_histoire-du-monde-le-droit-de-conduire?id=6150133 |accessdate=23 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yuCaBaJy?url=http://www.rtbf.be/info/emissions/article_histoire-du-monde-le-droit-de-conduire?id=6150133 |archivedate=23 May 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="nyt_reputation">{{cite news|first=Neil |last=MacFarquhar |pages= |title=Saudis Arrest Woman Leading Right-to-Drive Campaign |date=23 May 2011 |publisher=[[The New York Times]] |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/24/world/middleeast/24saudi.html |accessdate=24 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yx2xNqzx?url=http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/24/world/middleeast/24saudi.html?_r=1 |archivedate=25 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="Amnesty_FreeManal24May">{{cite web|last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Saudi Arabia urged to release woman arrested following driving campaign |work= |publisher=[[Amnesty International]] |date=24 May 2011 |url=https://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/saudi-arabia-urged-release-woman-arrested-following-driving-campaign-2011-05-24 |format= |doi= |accessdate=25 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yx4M2XVK?url=http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/saudi-arabia-urged-release-woman-arrested-following-driving-campaign-2011-05-24 |archivedate=25 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="LinkedIn_cv">{{cite web|last=|first=|authorlink=|coauthors=|title=Manal Al-Sharif - Computer Security Consultant II|work=|publisher=[[LinkedIn]]|year=2011|url=http://sa.linkedin.com/pub/manal-al-sharif/3/b77/806|format=|doi=|accessdate=26 May 2011|archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yy82mN9i?url=http://sa.linkedin.com/pub/manal-al-sharif/3/b77/806|archivedate=26 May 2011|deadurl=yes|df=}}</ref>
 
<ref name=DC>{{cite web |url=http://dailycaller.com/2012/05/14/saudi-woman-driver-i-was-pressured-out-of-my-job-for-my-activism/#ixzz1v2xMtZMr |title=Saudi woman driver: I was pressured out of my job for my activism |author=Jamie Weinstein |date=14 May 2012 |work=The Daily Caller |accessdate=16 May 2012}}</ref>
 
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<ref name="BBC_huwaider">[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7159077.stm Saudi women make video protest] [[BBC]]. Tuesday 11 March 2008. Retrieved on 23 May 2010.</ref>
 
<ref name="ABCUS_huwaider">Setrakian, Lara. "[http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=4420162&page=1 Saudi Woman Drives on YouTube]." ''[[ABC News]]''. 10 March 2008. Retrieved on 23 May 2010.</ref>
 
<ref name="USState_huwaider">{{cite web|last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=2008 Human Rights Report: Saudi Arabia |work= |publisher=[[United States State Department]] |date=25 February 2009 |url=https://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2008/nea/119126.htm |doi= |accessdate=23 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yu1Mt6Uf?url=http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2008/nea/119126.htm |archivedate=23 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="cv_huwaider">{{cite web|last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Women Deliver 100: 26 - 50 |work= |publisher=Women deliver |year=2011 |url=http://www.womendeliver.org/knowledge-center/publications/women-deliver-100/women-deliver-100-26-50/ |format= |doi= |accessdate=23 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yu1gjUj9?url=http://www.womendeliver.org/knowledge-center/publications/women-deliver-100/women-deliver-100-26-50/ |archivedate=23 May 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="BBC_NHariri">{{cite news|first=Michael |last=Buchanan |pages= |title=Saudi woman seeks to put women in the driving seat |date=18 May 2011 |publisher=[[BBC]] |url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-13431562 |accessdate=29 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5z313nIzP?url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-13431562 |archivedate=29 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<!-- 2011 driving campaign -->
<ref name="AP_detained21May">{{cite news|first=Abdullah |last=Al-Shihri |pages= |title=Manal al-Sherif, Saudi Woman, Detained For Defying Driving Ban |date=21 May 2011 |publisher=[[Huffington Post]]/[[Associated Press|AP]] |url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/05/21/manal-al-sherif-saudi-arabia-driving-ban_n_865120.html |accessdate=23 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yu3HUXsL?url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/05/21/manal-al-sherif-saudi-arabia-driving-ban_n_865120.html |archivedate=23 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="cnn22May_detained">[http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/meast/05/21/saudi.women.drivers/ Saudi woman claims she was detained for driving] on CNN.com, 22 May 2011</ref>
 
<ref name="France24_huwaiderfilmed">{{cite news|first=Wajeha |last=al-Huwaider |pages= |title=The Saudi woman who took to the driver's seat |date=23 May 2011 |publisher=[[France 24]] |url=http://observers.france24.com/content/20110523-saudi-woman-arrested-defying-driving-ban-manal-al-sharif-khobar |accessdate=23 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yuEa50k5?url=http://observers.france24.com/content/20110523-saudi-woman-arrested-defying-driving-ban-manal-al-sharif-khobar |archivedate=23 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="Indep23May_detained">{{cite news|first=Catrina |last=Stewart |pages= |title=Saudi woman arrested after defying driving ban |date=23 May 2011 |publisher=[[The Independent]] |url=https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/saudi-woman-arrested-after-defying-driving-ban-2287817.html |accessdate=23 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yu3n9CvL?url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/saudi-woman-arrested-after-defying-driving-ban-2287817.html |archivedate=23 May 2011 |deadurl=no |location=London |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="arabnews_alajlan">{{cite news|first= |last= |pages= |title=Lawmakers hold key to women’s driving: Al-Ajlan |date=23 May 2011 |publisher=[[Arab News]] |url=http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article424287.ece |accessdate=23 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yu4wrGar?url=http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article424287.ece |archivedate=23 May 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="nyt_instructions">{{cite news|first=Robert |last=Mackey |pages= |title=Saudi Woman's Driving Video Preserved Online |date=24 May 2011 |publisher=[[The New York Times]] |url=http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/05/24/saudi-womans-driving-video-preserved-online/ |accessdate=24 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yx32j1WW?url=http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/05/24/saudi-womans-driving-video-preserved-online |archivedate=25 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="alNafjan_5rules">{{cite web|last=al-Nafjan |first=Eman Fahad |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Manal Al Sherif |work= |publisher= |date=21 May 2011 |url=http://saudiwoman.wordpress.com/2011/05/21/manal-al-sherif/ |format= |doi= |accessdate=24 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yx35Fe6m?url=http://saudiwoman.wordpress.com/2011/05/21/manal-al-sherif/ |archivedate=25 May 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="arabnews_qassimdriver23May">{{cite news|first= |last= |pages= |title=Saudi woman caught driving in Qassim |date=24 May 2011 |publisher=[[Arab News]] |url=http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article426646.ece |accessdate=24 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yx38EwCN?url=http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article426646.ece |archivedate=25 May 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="AP_10days_26May">{{cite news|first=Maggie |last=Michael |pages= |title=Saudi authorities extend detention of woman who defied ban on female drivers |date=26 May 2011 |publisher=[[Winnipeg Free Press]]/[[Associated Press|AP]] |url=http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/world/breakingnews/122654453.html |accessdate=26 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5yyZmIVOC?url=http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/world/breakingnews/122654453.html |archivedate=26 May 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="NationalAE_SharifFree30May">{{cite news |first=Caryle |last=Murphy |pages= |title=Saudi woman driver released from jail after nine days |date=31 May 2011 |publisher=[[The National (Abu Dhabi)|The National]] |url=http://www.thenational.ae/news/worldwide/middle-east/saudi-woman-driver-released-from-jail-after-nine-days |accessdate=31 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5z5Rde6sv?url=http://www.thenational.ae/news/worldwide/middle-east/saudi-woman-driver-released-from-jail-after-nine-days |archivedate=31 May 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="AFP_Sharif2BFreed30May">{{cite news|first= |last= |pages= |title=Detained Saudi woman driver to be freed on bail |date=31 May 2011 |publisher=[[France 24]]/[[Agence France Presse|AFP]] |url=http://www.france24.com/en/print/5203782?print=now |accessdate=31 May 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5z5RQ275p?url=http://www.france24.com/en/print/5203782?print=now |archivedate=31 May 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<!-- 2011women prisoners' campaign -->>
<ref name="ArabNews_prisonercampaign">{{cite news |first= |last= |pages= |title=Manal moved by plight of detained housemaids |date=3 June 2011 |publisher=[[Arab News]] |url=http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article447924.ece |accessdate=5 June 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5zDjONYLt?url=http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article447924.ece |archivedate=5 June 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name="Emirates247_prisonercampaign">{{cite news|first= |last= |pages= |title=Manal...from driving activist to prison activist |date=4 June 2011 |publisher=[[Emirates 24/7]] |url=http://www.emirates247.com/news/region/manal-from-driving-activist-to-prison-activist-2011-06-04-1.400974 |accessdate=5 June 2011 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5zCP11fy6?url=http://www.emirates247.com/news/region/manal-from-driving-activist-to-prison-activist-2011-06-04-1.400974 |archivedate=4 June 2011 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
 
<!-- 2011-2012 court case against authorities -->
<ref name="Bloomberg_w2d_vs_Interior">{{cite news|first=Donna |last=Abu-Nasr |pages= |title=Saudi Woman Sues Traffic Agency for Refusing Driver's License |date=4 February 2012 |publisher=[[Bloomberg L.P.]] |url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-02-04/saudi-woman-sues-traffic-agency-for-refusing-driver-s-license.html |accessdate=6 February 2012 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/65Hm3vogt?url=http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-02-04/saudi-woman-sues-traffic-agency-for-refusing-driver-s-license.html |archivedate=7 February 2012 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
<ref name="cnn_5Feb">{{cite news| url=http://articles.cnn.com/2012-02-05/middleeast/world_meast_saudi-arabia-women-drivers_1_male-guardian-youtube-video-license?_s=PM:MIDDLEEAST |publisher=CNN | title=Saudi women defy driving ban | date=17 June 2011}}</ref>
 
<ref name="teleg_w2d_vs_Interior">{{cite news|last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Saudi women launch legal fight against driving ban |work= |publisher=[[Daily Telegraph]]/[[Agence France Presse|AFP]] |date=6 February 2012 |url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/saudiarabia/9062995/Saudi-women-launch-legal-fight-against-driving-ban.html |doi= |accessdate=13 January 2012 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/65Hm1sjlP?url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/saudiarabia/9062995/Saudi-women-launch-legal-fight-against-driving-ban.html |archivedate=7 February 2012 |deadurl=no |location=London |df= }}</ref>
<ref name="presstv_badawi_filed_4Feb">{{cite news|first= |last= |pages= |title=Saudi women file lawsuit against govt. |date=5 February 2012 |publisher=[[Press TV]] |url=http://www.presstv.ir/detail/224967.html |accessdate=11 February 2012 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/65JFBA74s?url=http://www.presstv.ir/detail/224967.html |archivedate=8 February 2012 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
<ref name="alNafjan_badawi_filed_4Feb">{{cite web|last=al-Nafjan |first=Eman |authorlink=Eman al-Nafjan |coauthors= |title=It's back on! |work= |publisher= |date=7 February 2012 |url=http://saudiwoman.me/2012/02/05/its-back-on/ |format= |doi= |accessdate=7 February 2012 |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/65Nb15YGU?url=http://saudiwoman.me/2012/02/05/its-back-on/ |archivedate=11 February 2012 |deadurl=no |df= }}</ref>
<ref name="time">
{{cite news
| url = http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2111975_2111976_2112132,00.html
| title = Manal al-Sharif - 2012 TIME 100: The Most Influential People in the World
| work = [[Time (magazine)|Time]]
| date= 18 April 2012
| accessdate= 6 May 2012
}}
</ref>
<ref name="foreignpolicy">
{{cite news
| url = https://foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/11/28/the_fp_top_100_global_thinkers
| title = The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers
| work = [[Foreign Policy (magazine)|Foreign Policy]]
| date= 28 November 2011
| accessdate= 6 May 2012
}}
</ref>
<ref name="forbes">
{{cite news
| url = https://www.forbes.com/sites/meghancasserly/2011/08/25/power-women-fame-elizabeth-smart-christine-odonnell-pippa-middleton/
| title = Fifteen Minutes of Power: Women Who (Briefly) Rocked 2011
| work = [[Forbes (magazine)|Forbes]]
| date= 25 August 2011
| accessdate= 6 May 2012
}}
</ref>
<ref name="thedailybeast">
{{cite news
| url = http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/03/08/women-in-the-world-150-fearless-women-photos.html#slide14
| title = Women in the World: 150 Women Fearless Women (Photos)
| work = [[The Daily Beast]]
| date= 8 March 2012
| accessdate= 6 May 2012
}}
</ref>
}}
 
 
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