Operasi Margarethe: Perbedaan revisi

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'''Operasi Margarethe'''adalah operasi militer pendudukan Hongaria oleh Jerman pada Perang Dunia ke-2,<ref>Andreas Hillgruber, Helmuth Greinert, Percy Ernst Schramm, ''Kriegstagebuch des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht (Wehrmachtführungsstab) 1940-1945, Band IV: 1. Januar 1944 – 22. Mai 1945'' (Bernard & Graefe, 1961)</ref><ref>Carlile Aylmer Macartney, ''October Fifteenth: A History of Modern Hungary, 1929–1945'', 2 vols. (Edinburgh University Press, 1956–57), II, 226.</ref> asyang itakan wasdilaksanakan orderedpada by12 HitlerMaret on1944. 12Recana Marchserupa 1944juga dibuat untuk membuat Rumania tetap setia namun tak pernah di jalankan. Nama Operasi nya adalah Margarethe II
A plan for the occupation of Romania was devised under the name Operation Margarethe II but was never carried out, so the Romanian Government switched sides the first chance it had.
 
==CoursePenyebab of eventsPeristiwa==
ThePerdana HungarianMenteri [[PrimeHongaria Minister of Hungary|Prime Minister]] [[Miklós Kállay]], withdengan thepengetahuan knowledgedan andpersetujuan approvaldari of RegentAdmiral [[Miklós Horthy]], hadsecara beenrahasia discussingtelah anmembahas armisticegencatan withsenjata thedengan AlliesPihak Sekutu. GermanSialnya dictator [[Adolf Hitler]] foundtahu outtentang aboutdiskusi theseini discussions anddan, feelingmerasa betrayeddikhianati byoleh the HungariansHungaria, orderedHitler Germansegera troopsmemerintahkan topasukan implementJerman Operationuntuk melaksanakan Operasi Margarethe tountuk menangkap wilayah captureHungaria criticalyang Hungarianmasih facilitiesada, onpada 12 MarchMaret 1944.
 
Hitler invitedmengundang Horthy toke the [[palace]] of [[Schlossistana Klessheim|Klessheim]], outsidedi ofluar [[Salzburg]], [[Austria]] on Marchpada [[15. Maret]] WhileSementara theymereka conductedmelakukan theirnegosiasi negotiationsmereka, Germanpasukan forcesJerman quietlydengan movedcepat intomenduduki Hungarysisa-sisa Hongaria. Pertemuan Theitu meetinghanya wastipu merelymuslihat auntuk ruse to keepmenjaga Horthy outberada ofdi theluar countrynegeri anddan leavemeninggalkan thekekacauan armydi withoutTentara ordersHongaria. Negosiasi Negotiations betweenantara Horthy anddan Hitler lasted until the 18th, when Horthy boarded aberlangsung trainsampai totanggal return18 homeMaret.
 
WhenKetika heia arrivedtiba indi Budapest, ittentara wasJerman Germanyang soldiers who greeted himmenyambutnya. Horthy wasdiberitahu toldbahwa thatHungaria Hungaryakan couldtetap onlyada remaindi sovereignpeta ifEropa hejika removedHorthy Kállaymencopot injabatan favour of a government that'''Kállay''' woulddan cooperatemenggantinya fullydengan withseorang the'''Fanatik GermansJerman'''. Jika Otherwisetidak, HungaryHungaria wouldakan bediperlakukan subjectsebagai tosalah undisguisedsatu occupation.negara jajahan KnowingJerman, themaka latterdari meant a [[gauleiter]] who would treat Hungary no differently than an occupied enemy country,itu Horthy appointedmenunjuk [['''Döme Sztójay]]''' assebagai PrimePerdana MinisterMenteri tountuk appeasemenenangkan Germankekhawatiran concernsJerman. ThePendudukan occupationadalah waskejutan ayang completelengkap surprisedan andmengakibatkan resulteditu inmenjadi itcepat beingdan quick and bloodlessberdarah. TheRencana initialawal planadalah wasuntuk tomelumpuhkan immobiliseTentara theHungaria, Hungarian army,berhubung butdengan withSerangan Soviet forcesyang advancingcepat fromdari theutara northdan and easttimur, anddan withdengan themendaratnya prospectPasukan ofSekutu Britishdi andsemenanjung American forces [[Adriatic Campaign of World War II#Planned allied landings|invading]] the [[Balkans]]Balkan, theymereka decidedmemutuskan tountuk retainmempertahankan the forceskekuatan, sendingmengirimkan asebagian portionunit tountuk defendmenahan thesoviet passes through thedi [[CarpathiansPegunungan Carpathia]].<ref>Earl F. Ziemke, [http://books.google.be/books?id=Pr6HhrecbZ8C&pg=PA208&lpg=PA208&dq=Operation+Margarethe&source=bl&ots=dFwA-94uhu&sig=NpO8N2jcHTzMG-4Mn_jyDc1psO0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=loqBT5nsNNPvggfW-dDwBw&ved=0CGcQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=Operation%20Margarethe&f=false Stalingrad to Berlin: The German Defeat in the East], U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968</ref>
 
AsSebagai akonsekuensi consequencependudukan ofJerman theatas NaziHongaria occupationsekitar 550,.000 Jews fromorang wartimeYahudi Hungarydari (withwilayah reannexedsebagian territorieswilayah fromaneksasi CzechoslovakiaCekoslowakia, RomaniaRumania, anddan Yugoslavia) wereserta transportedHongaria tosendiri thediangkut Nazike deathKamp-Kamp campsYahudi byoleh [[Adolf Eichmann]], withdengan thepersetujuan collaborationpemerintahan ofboneka Hungariandi authoritiesHongaria.<ref>{{cite book|last=Cesarani|first=David|title=Eichmann: His Life and Crimes.|year=2005|publisher=Vintage|location=London|isbn=978-0-099-44844-0|pages=159–195.}}</ref>
 
==OperationOperasi Margarethe II==
'''OperationOperasi Margarethe II''' wasmerupakan therencana nameserupa fordengan aMargarethe plannedI Naziini Germandi invasiontuperuntukkan ofbuat [[RomaniaKerajaan Rumania|Rumania]] by German forces in conjunction with those of Hungary<ref>(see note 1)</ref> shouldnamun thetak Romanianpernah governmentdi decide to surrender to the Soviets and the Romanian Government switched sides the first chance it hadjalnkan.<ref name = "romania">[books.google.com/books?isbn=1601452977]</ref><ref name = "romania2">[books.google.com/books?isbn=0300078137]</ref><ref name = "romania3">[http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/killing_hitler_01.shtmlRomania ]{{dead link|date=November 2013}}</ref> Romaniakarena didRumania inkeburu factmelakukan surrenderKudeta inke AugustRaja 1944tua (afteryang duduk di Takhta Raja [[King Michael's CoupI]]), but this operation was never implemented.<ref name = "romania"/><ref name = "romania2"/><ref name = "romania3"/>
 
==See also==
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