Adventist Development and Relief Agency

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Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) International (disingkat: ADRA, atau ADRA International) adalah lembaga kemanusiaan yang dioperasikan oleh Gereja Masehi Advent Hari Ketujuh yang bertujuan menyediakan pelatihan pengembangan masyarakat dan bantuan bencana alam. Organisasi ini didirikan pada tahun 1956 di Silver Spring, Maryland, Amerika Serikat.

Charity Navigator memberikan ADRA rating bintang-2. ADRA mengalokasikan dana sebanyak 92% untuk pengeluaran dalam upaya bantuan, 7% untuk biaya administrasi termasuk gaji, dan 1% untuk penggalangan dana.[1]

Pada tahun 2004, ADRA dilaporkan membantu hampir 24 juta orang dan mengelola dana bantuan lebih dari US $ 159 juta. Memiliki karyawan lebih dari 4.000 orang Pada akhir 2007, telah beroperasi di 125 negara Menurut majalah Forbes pada tahun 2005, ADRA masuk di antara 200 badan amal terbesar di Amerika.

Mission[sunting | sunting sumber]

ADRA's mission statement is: ADRA works with people in poverty and distress to create just and positive change through empowering partnerships and responsible actions.[2] ADRA says the reason for its existence is "to follow Christ's example by being a voice for, serving, and partnering with those in need".[3]

Purpose[sunting | sunting sumber]

ADRA partners with communities, organizations, and governments in order to develop:

  • Food Security
  • Economic Development
  • Primary Health
  • Emergency Management
  • Basic Education

ADRA says that it serves people without discriminating their ethnic, political, or religious association. Priority is given to those with disabilities, children, and senior citizens.[4]

ADRA's areas of expertise include: Education, Emergencies, Food/nutrition, HIV/AIDS, Health, Refugees and IDPs, Shelter, Training and development, Water and sanitation, Women, Children, Monitoring and Evaluation, Programme management, and Security.[5]

A Los Angeles Times story from 1998 reports on ADRA's 1996 10-year strategic plan, which calls the agency "a bona fide ministry of Jesus Christ and the Seventh-day Adventist Church" and "provides a strategy to reach people previously untouched by other church institutions. The church's mission is incomplete without ADRA's distinctive ministry."[6]Much has been said about faith-based agencies taking US government funding and using those funds to further religious doctrinal missions, however ADRA does not proselytise. It claims to operate "by love with no strings attached".[7] As a global organisation, ADRA is a signatory of the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief, which states that "aid will not be used to further a particular political or religious standpoint", that "aid is given regardless of the race, creed, or nationality", and that organizations "shall respect culture and custom."[8]

History[sunting | sunting sumber]

ADRA was established as the Seventh-day Adventist Welfare Service (SAWS) in November 1956. The name was changed to Seventh-day Adventist World Service in 1973.[9]

In 1983, the organisation was renamed the 'Adventist Development and Relief Agency' to better reflect its missions and activities.

International Development Degree Program[sunting | sunting sumber]

In 1996 ADRA and Andrews University established the ADRA Professional Leadership Institute (APLI). The institute provided field-based training and continuing professional education to ADRA staff around the world. By the year 2000, the APLI program was used as a model by the Food Aid Management members as an example of "best practices for local capacity building." The model was well received by Africare, World Vision, and others.[10] By 2003, the ADRA and Andrews University partnership offered a Master's Degree in International Development. More than 160 students had graduated. Sixty of those graduates had moved into management positions across the network. Seventh-day Adventist institutions of higher education on four continents offered degrees in International Development.[11]

United Nations[sunting | sunting sumber]

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) granted ADRA general Consultative Status in 1997.[10]

Emergency Response[sunting | sunting sumber]

In 2005, ADRA responded to over 50 emergencies worldwide and benefited at least 28 million people.[12]

Yayasan ADRA Indonesia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

ADRA Indonesia is an international development NGO legally registered before the Public Notary, Samsul Hadi, SH, on Notary Letter no. 48th on February 21st, 1991 and also registered in Social Department of Government of Indonesia (GoI), with Institution Registered List Letter No. 05.40606.837U and Operational Permit no. 03.40606/078.6U.

ADRA Indonesia head office is located at Gedung Pertemuan Advent 4th floor, Jl. MT Haryono Blok A Kav. 4-5, Jakarta Selatan 12810, and is responsible toward overall projects conducted in Indonesia.

ADRA Indonesia began in 1981 with Mother & Child Health Project in Mahakam, South Kalimantan and 7 similar projects in several provinces including East Java, East Nusa Tenggara, Irian Jaya and North Sulawesi.

ADRA Indonesia had also been conducted 13 Water Supply Projects, Agriculture, providing bridges and orphanage building. ADRA Indonesia also provide emergency relief and disaster response toward affected population

In the 1990’s to beginning of 2000 ADRA Indonesia committed to serve community development program focused on women and children development. Many programs had been conducted throughout Indonesia covering: Mother & Child Health and Agriculture Project (MCHA Project), Micro Credit Project (SED and Women Empowerment), HIV/AIDS Prevention, Agriculture Consultation, Sanitation, Education and disaster response.

In project implementation, ADRA Indonesia as the Implementing Country is supported by ADRA Worldwide network, both financially and technically.

Hubungan dengan Gereja Masehi Advent Hari Ketujuh[sunting | sunting sumber]

ADRA Indonesia’s relationship with the Church is central to the mission of both. In common with all relationships, it undergoes change and transition through dialogue.

   To strengthen the relationship between ADRA Indonesia and the church, thereby providing for even more effective future co-operation.
   ADRA Indonesia works with those in need, regardless of their relationship to the church.
   ADRA Indonesia’s first focus is on meeting individual’s immediate needs.
   ADRA Indonesia’s work is integral to the church in that it provides a social ministry - caring for needs and individuals not specifically the focus of other church institutions. Consequently, the church’s mission is incomplete without ADRA Indonesia’s distinctive ministry.

In fulfilling its mission, ADRA Indonesia becomes a key partner in community development. In order to do this successfully, ADRA Indonesia must carry out the following tasks, among others:

   Successful design and implementation of all projects.
   Successful sharing of financial responsibility between ADRA Indonesia and the Church.

ADRA Indonesia representatives and community leadership work together in planning these development activities, which are then managed by the Project coordinator, under the supervision of the Programs Director/ Country Director.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^
  2. ^ GuideStar Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  3. ^ Why ADRA Exists Diarsipkan 2014-11-02 di Wayback Machine., ADRA
  4. ^ "Who we are". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2009-07-08. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-13. 
  5. ^ Thomson Reuters Foundation Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  6. ^ A History of Complaints Dogs Adventist Aid Agency, Los Angeles Times, August 14, 1998
  7. ^ Frequently Asked Questions Diarsipkan 2010-08-25 di Wayback Machine.. Adventist Development and Relief Agency. 2010/09/08
  8. ^ Somalia's ruling militant group orders ADRA to leave the country. Adventist News Network. 2010/09/08
  9. ^ "Our History". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2009-07-09. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-13. 
  10. ^ a b Watts, Ralph S., "Report Prepared for the GC Session: Adventist Development and Relief Agency", General Conference Bulletin 2000 No. 4, Adventist Review, July 4, 2000, p. 15 (1031), diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-12-10, diakses tanggal 2011-08-13 
  11. ^ Sandefur, Jr., Charles C., "Adventist Development and Relief Agency International Constituency Meeting and Report", General Conference Committee Annual Council Minutes, October 13, 2003-10AC, pp. 03-212 (110), diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2012-03-22, diakses tanggal 2011-08-13 
  12. ^ Charitable Choices Diarsipkan 2012-03-02 di Wayback Machine. Retrieved January 26, 2010.