William Jennings Bryan

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William Jennings Bryan
Lahir 19 Maret 1860
Salem, Illinois[1]
Meninggal 26 Juli 1925 (umur 65)
Dayton, Tennessee
Almamater Illinois College, Union College of Law
Pendahulu Philander C. Knox
Pengganti Robert Lansing
Partai politik Demokrat
Agama Presbiterian
Pasangan Mary Baird Bryan
Anak Ruth Bryan Owen,
William Jennings Bryan Jr., Grace Bryan
Tanda tangan
Tampat lahir Bryan di Salem

William Jennings Bryan (19 Maret 1860 – 26 Juli 1925) adalah seorang politisi Amerika yang memimpin dari 1890an sampai kematiannya.

Ia menjabat dua jabatan sebagai anggota Dewan Perwakilan Amerika Serikat dari Nebraska dan merupakan Sekretaris Negara Amerika Serikat dibawah Presiden Woodrow Wilson (1913–1915), menjabat karena posisi pasifis-nya pada Perang Dunia.

Latar belakang dan karir awal: 1860–1896[sunting | sunting sumber]

William Jennings Bryan lahir di Salem, Illinois pada 19 Maret 1860, dari Silas Lillard Bryan dan Mariah Elizabeth (Jennings) Bryan.

Referensi dan Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bryan, William Jennings. William Jennings Bryan: selections ed. by Ray Ginger (1967) 259 pages
  • Bryan, William Jennings. The first battle: a story of the campaign of 1896 (1897), 693pp; campaign speeches online edition
  • The Commoner Condensed, annual compilation of The Commoner magazine; full text online for 1901, 1902, 1903, 1907, 1907, 1908
  • Bryan, William Jennings. The old world and its ways (1907) 560 pages full text online
  • Bryan, William Jennings. Speeches of William Jennings Bryan edited by Mary Baird Bryan (1909) full text online
  • Bryan, William Jennings. In His image (1922) 226pp full text online
  • Bryan, William Jennings. The Memoirs: of William Jennings Bryan, by himself and his wife (1925) 560pp; online edition
  • Bryan, William Jennings. British Rule in India (1906) Online Edition

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cherny, Robert W. A Righteous Cause: The Life of William Jennings Bryan (1994).
  • Coletta; Paolo E. William Jennings Bryan 3 vols. (1964), the most detailed biography. online vol 1; online vol 2; online vol 3
  • Glad, Paul W. The Trumpet Soundeth: William Jennings Bryan and His Democracy 1896–1912 (1966).
  • Hibben; Paxton. The Peerless Leader, William Jennings Bryan (1929).
  • Kazin, Michael. A Godly Hero: The Life of William Jennings Bryan (2006).
  • Koenig, Louis W. Bryan: A Political Biography of William Jennings Bryan (1971).
  • Leinwand, Gerald. William Jennings Bryan: An Uncertain Trumpet (Lanham (MD), Rowman & Littlefield, 2006).
  • Levine, Lawrence W. Defender of the Faith: William Jennings Bryan, The Last Decade, 1915–1925 (1965).
  • Werner; M. R. Bryan (1929).

Studi khusus[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Barnes, James A. (1947). "Myths of the Bryan Campaign". Mississippi Valley Historical Review (Organization of American Historians) 34 (3): 367–404. doi:10.2307/1898096. JSTOR 1898096.  on 1896
  • Bensel, Richard Franklin. Passion and Preferences: William Jennings Bryan and the 1896 Democratic Convention (2008)
  • Cherny, Robert W. (1996). "William Jennings Bryan and the Historians". Nebraska History 77 (3–4): 184–193. ISSN 00281859.  Analysis of the historiography.
  • Edwards, Mark (2000). "Rethinking the Failure of Fundamentalist Political Antievolutionism after 1925". Fides et Historia 32 (2): 89–106. ISSN 08845379. PMID 17120377.  Argues that fundamentalists thought they had won Scopes trial but death of Bryan shook their confidence.
  • Glad, Paul W. (1964). McKinley, Bryan and the People. Philadelphia: Lippincott. 
  • Hohenstein, Kurt (2000). "William Jennings Bryan and the Income Tax: Economic Statism and Judicial Usurpation in the Election of 1896". Journal of Law & Politics 16 (1): 163–192. ISSN 07492227. 
  • Jeansonne, Glen (1988). "Goldbugs, Silverites, and Satirists: Caricature and Humor in the Presidential Election of 1896". Journal of American Culture 11 (2): 1–8. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.1988.1102_1.x. ISSN 01911813. 
  • Larson, Edward (1997). Summer for the Gods: The Scopes trial and America's continuing debate over science and religion. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-07509-6. 
  • Longfield, Bradley J. (2000). "For Church and Country: the Fundamentalist-modernist Conflict in the Presbyterian Church". Journal of Presbyterian History 78 (1): 34–50. ISSN 00223883.  Puts Scopes in larger religious context.
  • Mahan, Russell L. (2003). "William Jennings Bryan and the Presidential Campaign of 1896". White House Studies 3 (2): 215–227. ISSN 15354768. 
  • Murphy, Troy A. (2002). "William Jennings Bryan: Boy Orator, Broken Man, and the 'Evolution' of America's Public Philosophy". Great Plains Quarterly 22 (2): 83–98. ISSN 02757664. 
  • Scroop, Daniel. "William Jennings Bryan's 1905–1906 World Tour," Historical Journal (2013) 56#2 pp 459–486 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0018246X12000520
  • Smith, Willard H. (1966). "William Jennings Bryan and the Social Gospel". Journal of American History (Organization of American Historians) 53 (1): 41–60. doi:10.2307/1893929. JSTOR 1893929. 
  • Taylor, Jeff (2006). Where Did the Party Go?: William Jennings Bryan, Hubert Humphrey, and the Jeffersonian Legacy. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0-8262-1659-5.  On Bryan's place in Democratic Party history and ideology.
  • Wood, L. Maren (2002). "The Monkey Trial Myth: Popular Culture Representations of the Scopes Trial". Canadian Review of American Studies 32 (2): 147–164. doi:10.3138/CRAS-s032-02-01. ISSN 00077720. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ William Jennings Bryan Nebraska State Historical Society