Pertempuran Cajamarca

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Pertempuran Cajamarca
Bagian dari Penaklukan Spanyol di Peru
Inca-Spanish confrontation.JPG
Gambaran Pertempuran Cajamarca
Tanggal 16 November 1532
Lokasi Cajamarca, Peru
Hasil Kemenangan Spanyol
Pihak yang terlibat
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spanyol Kerajaan Inka
Komandan
Francisco Pizarro
Hernando Pizarro
Gonzalo Pizarro
Juan Pizarro II
Hernando de Soto
Atahualpa #
Kekuatan
106 infantri
62 kavaleri
4 meriam
12 harquebu[1]
7.000 pengawal Atahualpa[2]
Korban
1 terluka [3] 6000-7000 pengawal pribadi Atahualpa

Pertempuran Cajamarca adalah serangan mendadak tentara Spanyol terhadap rombongan raja Inka. Terjadi pada 16 November 1532 di Cajamarca, serangan mendadak ini telah diatur oleh Francisco Pizarro. Serangan ini telah membunuh ribuan nyawa tentara Inka. Tentara Spanyol sendiri berhasil mencapai tujuannya untuk menangkap Kaisar Atahualpa.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "That Night, Pedro de Candia, a giant greek who was captain of the artillery, worked on preparing 4 small cannons they had brought on horseback, and also readied the fewer than a dozen harquebuses, primitives muskets...",page 70, The Last Day of The Incas, author Kim MacQuarrie
  2. ^ Diamond, Jared, Guns, Germs and Steel, W.W. Norton & Co., 1997 (pg. 76) ISBN 0-393-03891-2
  3. ^ "Miraculously, in the space of just a few hours, the Spaniards had killed or wounded perhaps six or seven thousands native (some of these of course, had simply been trampled to death), while they themselves hadn't lost a single man" "...one Spaniard tried to stab Atahualpa with his knife to kill him. But Francisco Pizarro parried the blow and in doing so the Spaniard trying to kill Atahualpa wounded the governor [F. Pizarro] on the hand, The Last Day of the Incas, page 84, Author Kim MacQuarrie

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koordinat: 7°09′52″LU 78°30′38″BT / 7,16444°LS 78,51056°BB / -7.16444; -78.51056