Henry Walter Bates

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Henry Walter Bates
Lahir 08 Februari 1825
Leicester
Meninggal 16 Februari 1892 (umur 67)
London
Kebangsaan English
Bidang Mimikri, sejarah alam
Dikenal atas Perjalanan Amazon
Mimikri Batesia

Henry Walter Bates FRS FLS, FGS (Leicester. Lahir 8 Februari 1825 – London, 16 Februari 1892) adalah seorang naturalis dan petualang Inggris yang memberikan catatan ilmiah pertama mengenai mimikri pada hewan. Ia paling dikenal karena penjelajahannya ke hutan hujan Amazon bersama dengan Alfred Russel Wallace, dimulai pada tahun 1848. Wallace kembali pada tahun 1852, namun kehilangan koleksinya pada perjalanan pulang saat kapalnya kebakaran.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebelum Bates[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Edwards W.H. 1847. Voyage up the river Amazons, including a residence at Pará. London. [the book that sparked Wallace and Bates to travel to the Amazon; scanned copy of US edition at Cornell University Library website]

Oleh Bates[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bates H.W. 1843. Notes on Coleopterous insects frequenting damp places. The Zoologist 1, 114–5.
  • Bates H.W. 1863. The naturalist on the river Amazons. 2 vols, Murray, London.
  • Bates H.W. 1864. The naturalist on the river Amazons. 2nd ed as one vol, Murray, London. [this is an abridged edition with much of the natural history cut out; and it is this truncated edition which is usually reprinted. Advice: use the 1863 or 1892 editions for professional purposes] (reissued by Cambridge University Press, 2009; ISBN 978-1-108-00163-2)
  • Bates H.W. 1892. The naturalist on the river Amazons, with a memoir of the author by Edward Clodd. [this edition, published after Bates' death, is valuable for two reasons: it is the only time since 1863 that Murray published the full text, and it includes a good short biography by Clodd]
  • Bates H.W. 1862. "Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley. Lepidoptera: Heliconidae". Transactions of the Linnean Society (London) 23, 3, 495–566.
  • Bates H.W. 1878. Central America, the West Indies and South America, with ethnological notes by A. H. Keane. Stanford, London; second and revised edition 1882. [based on Von Hellwald's Die Erde und ihre Volker; the natural history and geographical relations of fauna and flora are wholly written by Bates; the other aspects he extensively revised and updated]
  • Bates H.W. 1881-4. Biologia Centrali-Americana Insecta. Coleoptera. Volume I, Part 1.
  • Bates H.W. 1886–90. Insecta. Coleoptera. Pectinicornia and Lamellicornia. Volume II, Part 2.
  • Bates H.W. and D. Sharp. 1879–86. Insecta. Coleoptera. Phytophaga (part). Volume V.

Mengenai Bates[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bedall B.G. (ed) 1969. Wallace and Bates in the tropics: an introduction to the theory of natural selection. Macmillan, London. [includes excerpts from Bates' River Amazons]
  • Clodd, Edward 1892. Memoir [of Henry Walter Bates] 70 pages plus coloured plate 'illustrations of mimicry between butterflies', xvii–lxxxvii in Bates 1892.
  • Crawforth, Anthony. 2009. The Butterfly Hunter: The life of Henry Walter Bates, University of Buckingham Press, ISBN 978-0-9560716-1-3.
  • Dickenson, John. 1992. The naturalist on the River Amazons and a wider world: reflections on the centenary of Henry Walter Bates. The Geographical Journal, 158(2): 207–214. [Fine tribute to Bates on the centenary of his death]
  • Moon H.P. 1976. Henry Walter Bates FRS 1825–1892: explorer, scientist and darwinian. Leicestershire Museums, Leicester. [this booklet of about 100 pages by an emeritus professor of zoology can be strongly recommended]
  • Woodcock G 1969. Henry Walter Bates, naturalist of the Amazons. Faber & Faber, London. [this, the only book-length biography, is by an author who was not a biologist. It gives a weak account of Bates' work on mimicry, says nothing about Müller, and remarks about Wallace are undistinguished. It is good on Bates' early life and his marriage, and on the travel aspects of the Amazon. The author dismisses Bates' later life too abruptly]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Blaisdell, M. 1982. "Natural theology and nature's disguises". Journal of the History of Biology. 15: 163–189.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]