Gempa bumi Lushan 2013

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Gempa bumi Lushan 2013
Gempa bumi Lushan 2013 is located in Sichuan
Chengdu
Ya'an
Tanggal 20 April 2013 (2013-4-20)
Kekuatan Mw 7.0 (GA)[1]
Ms 7.0 (CENC)[2]
Mw 6.6 (USGS)[3]
Mw 6.6 (EMSC)[4]
Mj 6.9 (JMA)[5]
Kedalaman: < 13 km (8.1 mil)[6]
Episentrum: 30°17′2″LU 102°57′22″BT / 30,28389°LU 102,95611°BT / 30.28389; 102.95611Koordinat: 30°17′2″LU 102°57′22″BT / 30,28389°LU 102,95611°BT / 30.28389; 102.95611[3]
Lushan County, Sichuan
Negara yang terkena  Republik Rakyat Tiongkok (Sichuan, Chongqing, Shaanxi)
Gempa susulan: 1,815[7]
Korban: 193 tewas
(Apr.21 14:00 UTC+8h)
24 hilang
(Apr.21 18:00 UTC+8h)
11.826 cedera
(Apr.21 18:00 UTC+8h)
968 cedera parah
(Apr.21 15:00 UTC+8h)

[8] [9] [10] [11]

Gempa bumi Lushan atau gempa bumi Ya'an terjadi pada pukul 08:02 Waktu Beijing (00:02 UTC) pada tanggal 20 April 2013. Episenternya terletak di County Lushan, Ya'an, Sichuan, sekitar 116 km (72 mil) dari Chengdu di sepanjang Patahan Longmenshan di provinsi yang sama. Provinsi ini sebelumnya diguncang gempa bumi Sichuan 2008.[12] Kekuatan gempa ini mencapai Ms 7.0 menurut China Earthquake Data Center, Mw 7.0 menurut Geoscience Australia, Mw 6.6 menurut United States Geological Survey (USGS),[13] Mw 6.6 menurut European Alert System (EMSC), dan Mj 6.9 menurut Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). 1.815 gempa susulan sudah terjadi per 22 April pukul 00:00 (UTC+8h).[7]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "GA magnitude of the earthquake in China". Ga.gov.au. Diakses 2013-04-21. 
  2. ^ China's government. "The official Data of China Earthquake Net Center" (dalam bahasa Chinese). 
  3. ^ a b "M6.6 – 50km WSW of Linqiong, China". U.S. Geological Survey. April 20, 2013. Diakses April 20, 2013. 
  4. ^ "M 6.6 – WESTERN SICHUAN, CHINA – 2013-04-20 00:02:49 UTC". European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre. April 20, 2013. Diakses April 20, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Distant Earthquake Information". Japan Meteorological Agency. Diakses April 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ "China’s Sichuan province hit by powerful earthquake, killing 2 but death toll expected to rise". The Washington Post. Associated Press. April 19, 2013. Diakses April 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "四川雅安已记录到余震1815次 强余震仍在发生". 新浪新闻. April 22, 2013. Diakses April 22, 2013. 
  8. ^ "雅安地震共造成193人死亡21人失踪". 凤凰网资讯. April 21, 2013. Diakses April 21, 2013. 
  9. ^ "我省雅安市芦山县发生7.0级地震(续七)". 四川省民政厅. April 21, 2013. Diakses April 21, 2013. 
  10. ^ "“4·20”芦山地震:遇难人数升至186人". 新华网. April 21, 2013. Diakses April 21, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Death toll rises to 180 in China quake". Xinhua News Agency. 21 Apr 2013. Diakses 2013-04-21. 
  12. ^ "An earthquake with magnitude 6.6 occurred near Leshan, Sichuan, China at 00:02:47.27 UTC on Apr 20, 2013 on Google Public Alert". Google. April 20, 2013. 
  13. ^ "最新地震" [Newest earthquakes]. Data.earthquake.cn. Diakses April 20, 2013. 

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