E. Phillips Oppenheim

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E. Phillips Oppenheim
E. Phillips Oppenheim.jpg
Edward Phillips Oppenheim
Lahir Edward Phillips Oppenheim
22 Oktober 1866
London, Britania Raya
Meninggal 3 Februari 1946 (79 tahun)
St. Peter Port, Guernsey, Kepulauan Channel, Britania Raya
Nama pena Anthony Partridge
Pekerjaan Novelis
Kebangsaan Britania Raya
Periode menulis 1887–1943
Aliran sastra Romansa tegang

Edward Phillips Oppenheim (22 Oktober 1866 – 3 Februari 1946) adalah novelis Inggris yang sukses menjadi penulis genre fiksi sepanjang hidupnya.

Kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sebagai putra seorang pedagang kulit, Oppenheim lahir tanggal 22 Oktober 1866 di Leicester dan bekerja di pabrik ayahnya selama hampir 20 tahun.[1] Ia bersekolah di Wyggeston Grammar School. Pada tahun 1892, ia menikahi Elise Clara Hopkins.[1] Mereka tinggal di Evington, Leicestershire[2] sampai Perang Dunia Pertama dan dikaruniai seorang putri.[1] Selama perang berlangsung, ia bekerja untuk Kementerian Informasi.[1] Kesuksesannya di dunia sastra memungkinkan ia membeli villa di Perancis beserta kapal pesiar dan sebuah rumah di Guernsey, tetapi kehilangan akses ke sana saat Perang Dunia Kedua pecah.[1] Setelah itu ia mendapatkan lagi asetnya, le Vanquiédor di St. Peter Port, dan meninggal di sana pada tanggal 3 Februari 1946.[1]

Latar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Oppenheim tampil di sampul Time tanggal 12 September 1927. Ia menganggap dirinya "pangeran pencerita". Ia mengarang sekitar 150 novel, kebanyakan beralur tegang dan intrik internasional, tetapi ada juga romansa, komedi, dan parabel kehidupan sehari-hari. Ia adalah penulis fiksi mata-mata pertama dan perintis aliran petualangan tegang "Rogue Male" yang kelak digunakan oleh John Buchan dan Geoffrey Household.

Karyanya yang paling terkenal adalah The Great Impersonation. Tulisannya ini diangkat ke layar lebar tiga kali. Film terakhirnya diwujudkan dalam bentuk propaganda perang yang kuat. Mungkin tokoh karangan Oppenheim yang paling diingat adalah General Besserley, tokoh protagonis di General Besserley's Puzzle Box dan General Besserley's New Puzzle Box (salah satu karya terakhirnya). one of his last works). Banyak karya Oppenheim yang memiliki karisma eskapis unik, menampilkan protagonis penggemar makanan Epicurean, barang-barang mewah, dan praktik kriminal yang berjalan pasti di dua sisi hukum.

Koleksi cerita pendek P. G. Wodehouse, 'Very Good, Jeeves', yang diterbitkan tahun 1930 didedikasikan kepada Oppenheim.

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Otobiografi, The Pool of Memory (1941)
  • Biografi tunggal Oppenheim adalah Prince of Storytellers: The Life of E. Phillips Oppenheim karya Robert Standish, pseudonim Digby George Gerahty. London: Peter Davies 1957.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

Oppenheim telah membuat lebih dari 100 novel sejak 1887 sampai 1943.

Novel[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Expiation (1887)
  • The Peer and the Woman (1895)
  • A Daughter of the Marionis (1895)
  • False Evidence (1896)
  • A Modern Prometheus (1896)
  • The Mystery of Mr. Bernard Brown (1896)
  • The Wooing of Fortune (1896)
  • The Postmaster of Market Deighton (1897)
  • The Amazing Judgment (1897)
  • Mysterious Mr. Sabin (1898)
  • A Daughter of Astrea (1898)
  • As a Man Lives (1898)
  • Mr. Marx's Secret (1899)
  • The Man and His Kingdom (1899)
  • The World's Great Snare (1900)
  • A Millionaire of Yesterday (1900)
  • The Survivor (1901)
  • Enoch Strone [aka A Master of Men] (1901)
  • A Sleeping Memory [aka The Great Awakening] (1902)
  • The Traitors (1902)
  • A Prince of Sinners (1903)
  • The Yellow Crayon (1903)
  • The Betrayal (1904)
  • Anna the Adventuress (1904)
  • A Maker of History (1905)
  • The Master Mummer (1905)
  • A Lost Leader (1906)
  • The Tragedy of Adrea [aka A Monk of Cruta] (1906)
  • The Malefactor [aka Mr. Wingrave, Millionaire] (1906)
  • Berenice (1907)
  • The Avenger [aka The Conspirators] (1907)
  • The Great Secret [aka The Secret] (1908)
  • The Governor (1908)
  • The Distributors [aka Ghosts of Society] (1908) (dengan pseudonim Anthony Partridge)
  • The Missioner (1908)
  • The Kingdom of Earth [aka The Black Watcher] (1909) (dengan pseudonim Anthony Partridge)
  • Jeanne of the Marshes (1909)
  • The Illustrious Prince (1910)
  • Passers By (1910) (as Anthony Partridge)
  • The Lost Ambassador [aka The Missing Delora] (1910)
  • The Golden Web (1911) (as Anthony Partridge)
  • The Moving Finger [aka A Falling Star] (1911)
  • Havoc (1911)
  • The Court of St. Simon (1912) (dengan pseudonim Anthony Partridge)
  • The Lighted Way (1912)
  • The Tempting of Tavernake (1912)
  • The Mischief Maker (1913)
  • The Double Life of Mr. Alfred Burton (1913)
  • The Way of These Women (1914)
  • A People's Man (1914)
  • The Vanished Messenger (1914)
  • The Black Box (1915)
  • The Double Traitor (1915)
  • Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo (1915)
  • The Kingdom of the Blind (1916)
  • The Hillman (1917)
  • The Cinema Murder [aka The Other Romilly] (1917)
  • The Pawns Count (1918)
  • The Zeppelin's Passenger [aka Mr. Lessingham Goes Home] (1918)
  • The Wicked Marquis (1919)
  • The Box with Broken Seals [aka The Strange Case of Mr. Jocelyn Thew] (1919)
  • The Curious Quest [aka The Amazing Quest of Mr. Ernest Bliss] (1919)
  • The Great Impersonation (1920)
  • The Devil's Paw (1920)
  • The Profiteers (1921)
  • Jacob's Ladder (1921)
  • Nobody's Man (1921)
  • The Evil Shepherd (1922)
  • The Great Prince Shan (1922)
  • The Mystery Road (1923)
  • The Wrath to Come (1924)
  • The Passionate Quest (1924)
  • Stolen Idols (1925)
  • Gabriel Samara, Peacemaker (1925)
  • The Golden Beast (1926)
  • Prodigals of Monte Carlo (1926)
  • Harvey Garrard's Crime (1926)
  • The Interloper [aka The Ex-Duke] (1927)
  • Miss Brown of X. Y. O. (1927)
  • The Light Beyond (1928)
  • The Fortunate Wayfarer (1928)
  • Matorni's Vineyard (1928)
  • The Treasure House of Martin Hews (1929)
  • The Glenlitten Murder (1929)
  • The Million Pound Deposit (1930)
  • The Lion and the Lamb (1930)
  • Gangster's Glory [aka Inspector Dickens Retires] (1931)
  • Up the Ladder of Gold (1931)
  • Simple Peter Cradd (1931)
  • The Man from Sing Sing [aka Moran Chambers Smiled] (1932)
  • The Ostrekoff Jewels (1932)
  • Murder at Monte Carlo (1933)
  • The Ex-Detective (1933)
  • Jeremiah and the Princess (1933)
  • The Gallows of Chance (1934)
  • The Man without Nerves [aka The Bank Manager] (1934)
  • The Strange Boarders of Palace Crescent (1934)
  • The Spy Paramount (1934)
  • The Battle of Basinghall Street (1935)
  • Floating Peril [aka The Bird of Paradise] (1936)
  • The Magnificent Hoax [aka Judy of Bunter's Buildings] (1936)
  • The Dumb Gods Speak (1937)
  • Envoy Extraordinary (1937)
  • The Mayor on Horseback (1937)
  • The Colossus of Arcadia (1938)
  • The Spymaster (1938)
  • And Still I Cheat the Gallows (1939)
  • Sir Adam Disappeared (1939)
  • Exit a Dictator (1939)
  • The Strangers' Gate (1939)
  • Last Train Out (1940)
  • The Shy Plutocrat (1941)

Koleksi cerita pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dari 37 koleksi cerita pendek berikut, 26 di antaranya telah diterbitkan dalam bentuk buku di Amerika Serikat. Sebagian besar volumnya adalah seri dengan alur tetap dan sekelompok tokohnya muncul di berbagai cerita.

  • The Long Arm of Mannister [aka The Long Arm]. 1908
  • Peter Ruff and the Double-Four [aka The Double Four]. 1912
  • For the Queen. 1912
  • Those Other Days. 1912
  • Mr. Laxworthy's Adventures. 1913
  • The Amazing Partnership. 1914
  • An Amiable Charlatan [aka The Game of Liberty]. 1915
  • Mysteries of the Riviera. 1916
  • Aaron Rodd, Diviner. 1920
  • Ambrose Lavendale, Diplomat. 1920
  • Hon. Algernon Knox, Detective. 1920
  • The Seven Conundrums. 1923
  • Michael's Evil Deeds. 1923
  • The Inevitable Millionaires. 1923
  • The Terrible Hobby of Sir Joseph Londe. 1924
  • The Adventures of Mr. Joseph P. Gray. 1925
  • The Little Gentleman from Okehampstead. 1926
  • The Channay Syndicate. 1927
  • Mr. Billingham, the Marquis and Madelon. 1927
  • Madame and Her Twelve Virgins. 1927
  • Nicholas Goade, Detective. 1927
  • The Exploits of Pudgy Pete. 1928
  • Chronicles of Melhampton. 1928
  • The Human Chase. 1929
  • Jennerton & Co. 1929
  • What Happened to Forester. 1929
  • Slane's Long Shots. 1930
  • Sinners Beware. 1931
  • Crooks in the Sunshine. 1932
  • The Ex-Detective. 1933
  • General Besserley's Puzzle Box. 1935
  • Advice Limited. 1936
  • Ask Miss Mott. 1936
  • Curious Happenings to the Rooke Legatees. 1937
  • A Pulpit in the Grill Room. 1938
  • General Besserley's Second Puzzle Box. 1939
  • The Grassleyes Mystery. 1940

Adaptasi film[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Black Box (1915)
  • Mr Grex of Monte Carlo (1915)
  • The Master Mummer (1915)
  • The Game of Liberty, dengan judul Under Suspicion (1916)
  • The World's Great Snare (1916)
  • Master of Men (1917)
  • The Hillman, dengan judul In the Balance (1917); The Hillman (1924)
  • Seeing Life, dengan judul The Court of St Simon (1917) di Amerika Serikat
  • The Great Awakening, dengan judul A Sleeping Memory (1917) di Amerika Serikat
  • Mr Wingrave, Millionaire, aka The Malefactor dengan judul The Test of Honor (1919)
  • The Illustrious Prince (1919)
  • The Long Arm, dengan judul The Long Arm of Mannister (1919) di Amerika Serikat
  • The Other romilly, dengan judul The Cinema Murder (1920) di Amerika Serikat
  • The Plunderers, dengan judul The Golden Web (1920) dan The Golden Web (1926) di Amerika Serikat
  • The Mystery of Mr Bernard Brown (1921)
  • The Mystery Road (1921)
  • Jeanne of the Marshes, dengan judul Behind the Mask – Silent 1921, Behind the Masks Sound 1931
  • The Great Impersonationfilm bisu (1921); film suara (1935); film suara (1942)
  • A lost leader (1922)
  • The Missioner (1922)
  • Expiation (1922)
  • False Evidence (1922)
  • The Great Prince Shan (1924)
  • The Ex-Duke, dengan judul The Prince of Tempters (1926)
  • The Inevitable Millionaires, dengan judul Millionaires (1926)
  • The Passionate Quest (1926)
  • The Temptation of Tavernake, dengan judul Sisters of Eve (1926)
  • The Lion and the Lamb (1931)
  • The Strange Boarders of Palace Crescent, dengan judul Strange Boarders (1936)
  • The Amazing Quest of Mr Ernest Bliss, dengan judul Amazing Adventure (1937) dan Romance and Riches, and Amazing Quest of Ernest Bliss (dibintangi Cary Grant)

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, accessed 5 February 2011
  2. ^ British History Online R. A. McKinley (editor)(1958) A History of the County of Leicester: volume 4: The City of Leicester

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]