Daftar bintang terbesar

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Berikut adalah daftar bintang terbesar:


Nama Radii Matahari
(Matahari = 1)
VY Canis Majoris 1.800–2.100[1]
WOH G64 1.900-2.000[2]
VV Cephei A 1.600[3]–1.900[4]
Mu Cephei 1.650[5]
V838 Monocerotis 1.570 atau 800[6]
V354 Cephei 1.520[butuh rujukan]
RW Cephei 1.260–1.610[butuh rujukan]
KW Sagittarii 1.460[butuh rujukan]
KY Cygni 1.420 atau 1.440[butuh rujukan]
Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis) 950–1.000[7] atau 880–988[8]
Antares (Alpha Scorpii) 800[9]
V382 Carinae 747
S Pegasi 580[10]
T Cephei 540[11]
S Orionis 530[12]
W Hydrae 520[13]
R Cassiopeiae 500[14]
Chi Cygni 470[15]
Alpha Herculis (Ras Algethi) 460
Rho Cassiopeiae 450
Mira A (Omicron Ceti) 400[16]
V509 Cassiopeiae 400[17]–900[18]
S Doradus 100–380[19]
R Doradus 370
HR Carinae 350
R Leonis 350[20]
The Pistol Star 340
Alpha Draconis (Thuban) 265
119 Tauri ("Ruby Star")[21] 255[22]
La Superba (Y Canum Venaticorum) 225
Deneb (Alpha Cygni) 220
Delta Canis Majoris (Wezen) 215±66[23]
Zeta Aurigae 200[24]
Eta Carinae 85–195[25]
Epsilon Aurigae A 175
Epsilon Carinae 153
LBV 1806-20 150
Epsilon Pegasi (Enif) 150
Gamma Crucis (Gacrux) 113[26]
Gamma Andromedae 83
Rigel (Beta Orionis) 78
Alpha Leporis (Arneb) 77
R Coronae Borealis 65
Canopus (Alpha Carinae) 65
Delta Orionis (Mintaka) 60
Alpha Persei (Mirfak) 60
Zeta Geminorum (Mekbuda) 60
Eta Aquilae 60
Gamma Draconis (Eltanin) 50
Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri) 43[27]
Beta Ursae Minoris (Kochab) 41
Beta Draconis (Rastaban) 40
Zeta Orionis (Alnitak) 20
Zeta Puppis (Naos) 18.6
Beta Cygni A1 (Albireo) 16

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ K. Yoon Choi. "Distance to VY VMa with VERA". Publications Astronomical Society of Japan. Diakses 2010-07 16. 
  2. ^ E. M. Levesque. "WOH G64: The Largest Star Known?". Astronomical Journal. Diakses 2010-07 16. 
  3. ^ Habets, G. M. H. J.; Heintze, J. R. W. (November 1981). "Empirical bolometric corrections for the main-sequence". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement 46: 193–237. Diakses 2010-03-14.  Page 225 "Table IV" #178
  4. ^ Professor James B. (Jim) Kaler. "VV CEP (VV Cephei)". University of Illinois. Diakses 2010-03-15. 
  5. ^ E. M. Levesque. "The Effective Temperature Scale of Galactic Red Supergiants: Cool, but Not as Cool As We Thought". Astrophysical Journal. Diakses 2010-07 16. 
  6. ^ V838 Monocerotis
  7. ^ A NEW VLA-HIPPARCOS DISTANCE TO BETELGEUSE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS. Graham M. Harper et al 2008 The Astronomical Journal 135 1430-1440 doi: 10.1088/0004-6256/135/4/1430 [1]
  8. ^ Jim Kaler. 2009-06-26. Betelgeuse "0.047 seconds of arc, from which we find a true radius of between 4.1 (compromise distance) and 4.6 (larger distance) AU, … extended atmosphere, and the pulsations make it difficult to locate an actual "surface" to tell just how large the star actually is. … "size" of the star depends on the color of observation. Long-wave infrared … up to 5 AU and greater, … shorter-wave infrared … 3 AU. … Betelgeuse to be shrinking … not even round, but somewhat oval"
  9. ^ approximately 800, derived from the 1990 lunar occultation measurement of apparent diameter of 43.1 milliarcsec (up to ±1 milliarcsec error) (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990A&A...230..355R page 361) together with 1997 parallax of 5.40 [1.68] milliarcsec (SIMBAD citing Hipparcos). The parallax gives a derived distance from 460 to 877 light years. This in turn yields an actual diameter from 653 to 1,246 solar radius. An average of 800 is used here.
  10. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=10781
  11. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=9837
  12. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=2512
  13. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=6127
  14. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=10947
  15. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=9107
  16. ^ http://www.eso.org/~mwittkow/publications/conferences/SPIECWo5491199.pdf
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ Nugent, Richard. "The Garnet Star". weblore.com. Diakses 2009-12-04. "DIAM .. m Cep 1224 ... V509 CAS 910 ... V382 CAR 747" 
  19. ^ Lamers, H. J. G. L. M. (February 6–10, 1995). "Observations and Interpretation of Luminous Blue Variables". Proceedings of IAU Colloquium 155, Astrophysical applications of stellar pulsation. Cape Town, South Africa: Astronomical Society of the Pacific. hlm. 176–191. Bibcode:1995ASPC...83..176L. Diakses 2009-03-25. 
  20. ^ http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0411133
  21. ^ "Big and Giant Stars"
  22. ^ http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR-5?-out.add=.&-source=II/224/cadars&recno=2526
  23. ^ Davis J, Booth AJ, Ireland MJ, Jacob AP, North JR, Owens SM, Robertson JG, Tango WJ, Tuthill PG, J.; Booth, A. J.; Ireland, M. J.; Jacob, A. P.; North, J. R.; Owens, S. M.; Robertson, J. G.; Tango, W. J. et al. (2007). "The Emergent Flux and Effective Temperature of Delta Canis Majoris". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia 24: 151. doi:10.1071/AS07017. Diakses 28 May 2010. 
  24. ^ http://www.hposoft.com/EAur09/ZetaAurigae.html]
  25. ^ http://etacar.umn.edu/etainfo/basic/
  26. ^ Gamma Crucis by Jim Kaler]
  27. ^ http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005astro.ph..2181R

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