Sistem warna Munsell

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Sistem warna Munsell, menunjukan: lingkaran nama warna pada nilai 5 intensitas 6; nilai netral dari 0 sampai 10; dan intensitas ungu-biru (5PB) pada nilai 5.

Dalam kolorimetri, sistem warna Munsell adalah sebuah ruang warna yang membagi warna berdasarkan pada tiga dimensi warna: nama warna, nilai (pencahayaan), dan intensitas. Sistem ini dibuat oleh Profesor Albert H. Munsell pada dekade pertama abad ke-20 dan diadopsi oleh USDA sebagai sistem warna resmi untuk penelitian tanah pada 1930an.

Sebelum data Munsell distandardisasikan, nama-nama warna diberikan berdasarkan warna alamiah yang dimilikinya, misalnya, warna hijau alpukat untuk menunjukkan warna hijau yang menyerupai warna buah alpukat.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cleland, Thomas M. (1921). A practical description of the Munsell color system, with suggestions for its use. Boston: Munsell Color Company.  One of the first books about the Munsell color system, explaining the intuition behind its three dimensions, and suggesting possible uses of the system in picking color combinations. An edited version can be found at http://www.applepainter.com/.
  • Kuehni, Rolf G. (February 2002). "The early development of the Munsell system". Color Research and Application 27 (1): 20–27. doi:10.1002/col.10002.  A description of color systems leading up to Munsell’s, and a biographical explanation of Munsell’s changing ideas about color and development of his color solid, leading up to the publication of A Color Notation in 1905.
  • Landa, Edward R.; Mark D. Fairchild (September–October 2005). "Charting Color from the Eye of the Beholder". American Scientist 93 (5): 436–443. doi:10.1511/2005.5.436.  An introductory explanation of the development and influence of the Munsell system.
  • MacEvoy, Bruce (2005-08-01). "Modern Color Models – Munsell Color System". Color Vision. Diakses 2007-04-16.  A concise introduction to the Munsell color system, on a web page which also discusses several other color systems, putting the Munsell system in its historical context.
  • Munsell, Albert H. (1905). A Color Notation. Boston: G. H. Ellis Co.  Munsell’s original description of his system. A Color Notation was published before he had established the irregular shape of a perceptual color solid, so it describes colors positioned in a sphere.
  • Munsell, Albert H. (January 1912). "A Pigment Color System and Notation". The American Journal of Psychology (University of Illinois Press) 23 (2): 236–244. doi:10.2307/1412843. JSTOR 1412843.  Munsell’s description of his color system, from a lecture to the American Psychological Association.
  • Nickerson, Dorothy (1976). "History of the Munsell color system, company, and foundation". Color Research and Application 1 (1): 7–10. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]