Efebifobia

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Rasa takut akan remaja disebut juga sebagai efebifobia[1] pertama diciptakan sebagai "ketakutan dan kebencian terhadap remaja,"[2] hari ini fenomena ini diakui sebagai "karakterisasi akurat, berlebihan dan sensasional anak muda" dalam berbagai pengaturan di seluruh dunia.[3] Studi dari rasa takut terhadap remaja terjadi dalam sosiologi dan studi remaja.

Etimologi dan penggunaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penciptaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kata efebifobia dibentuk dari kata bahasa Yunani ἔφηβος (éphēbos), yang berarti "pemuda" atau "remaja" dan φόβος (phóbos), yang berarti "takut" atau "fobia". Penciptaan istilah ini dikaitkan dengan sebuah artikel tahun 1994 oleh Kirk Astroth diterbitkan di Phi Delta Kappa.[4] Hari ini, penggunaan umum terjadi secara internasional oleh para ahli sosiologi, instansi pemerintah[5], dan organisasi advokasi pemuda yang mendefinisikan efebifobia sebagai ketakutan yang abnormal atau tidak rasional dan terus menerus dan/atau kebencian terhadap pemuda atau remaja.[6][7]

Istilah yang serupa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penyebab[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Fletcher, A. (2006) Washington Youth Voice Handbook. CommonAction. p 9.
  2. ^ Astroth, K. (1994) Beyond ephebiphobia: problem adults or problem youths? (fear of adolescents). Phi Delta Kappan. January 1, 1994.
  3. ^ Hoffman, A.M. and Summers, R.W. (2001) Teen Violence: A Global View. Greenwood Press. p 2.
  4. ^ Gough, P. (2000) "Detoxifying Schools." Phi Delta Kappan. March 1, 2000.
  5. ^ European Union's Stop Discrimination website - Glossary on age
  6. ^ Grønnestad-Damur, W. & Pratch, L. (n.d.) No Ephebiphobia Here! Edmonton: Edmonton Public Library.
  7. ^ Clark, C. (2004) Hurt: Inside the World of Today's Teenagers (Youth, Family, and Culture). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Lesko, N. (2001) Act Your Age!: A Cultural Construction of Adolescence. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-92833-8.
  • (n.d.) "Youth liberation", Z magazine online.
  • Three Types of Youth Liberation - by Sven Bonnichsen
  • Pro-Youth - A firm text against ageism towards teenagers, presenting a case of ageism committed by a jury.
  • Everyone deserves to be given a chance - An essay against ageism towards teenagers, written by a Canadian adolescent.
  • "Are We Down On Our Kids?" - A Review of Caught in the Crossfire: Kids, Politics, and America's Future by Lawrence Grossberg in Endeavours magazine that diagnoses cultural ephebiphobia in the U.S.
  • Ayotte, W. (1986) As Soon as You're Born They Make You Feel Small: Self Determination for Children.
  • Chicago Anarchist Youth Federation (n.d.) Schoolstoppers Textbook.
  • Cullen, S. (1991) Children in Society: a libertarian critique. London: Freedom Press.
  • Goodman, P. (1964) Compulsory Mis-education and The Community of Scholars. New York: Vintage Books.
  • Illich, I. (1970) Deschooling Society. New York: Harrow Books.
  • Holt, J. (1972) Freedom and Beyond. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co.
  • Miller, A. (1990) For Your Own Good: Hidden cruelty in child-rearing and the roots of violence. 3rd edition. New York: Noonday Press.
  • Sternheimer, K. (2006) Kids These Days: Facts and Fictions about Today's Youth. Rowman and Littlefield.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]