Defiance Campaign

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Pejuang pembebasan Afrika Selatan Nelson Mandela di prangko peringatan USSR 1998

Defiance Campaign against Unjust Laws dipaparkan oleh Kongres Nasional Afrika (ANC) dalam konferensi di Bloemfontein, Afrika Selatan pada bulan Desember 1951.[1]

ANC memutuskan mengimplementasikan aksi naisonal tahun berikutnya berdasarkan non-kooperasi dengan hukum-hukum tertentu yang dianggap tidak adil dan diskriminatif. Konferensi ini menghasilkan satu pernyataan publik yang panjang seputar keputusan bersejarah ini:

All people, irrespective of the national group they belong to and irrespective of the colour of their skin, who have made South Africa their home, are entitled to live a full and free life
Full democratic rights with direct say in the affairs of the government are the inalienable right of every South African - a right which must be realised now if South Africa is to be saved from social chaos and tyranny and from the evils arising out of the existing denial of the franchise of vast masses of the population on the grounds of race and colour.
The struggle which the national organisations of the non-European people are conducting is not directed against any race or national group. It is against the unjust laws which keep in perpetual subjection and misery vast sections of the population. It is for the creation of conditions which will restore human dignity, equality and freedom to every South African.

Demonstrasi mendukung Defiance Principles diselenggarakan pada 6 April 1952, ulang tahun permukiman kulit putih di Tanjung Afrika Selatan ke-300.

Dari 10.000 orang yang memprotes hukum apartheid, sekitar 8.500 di antaranya dipenjara, termasuk Nelson Mandela.

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Lodge, Tom (1983). Black Politics in South Africa since 1945. London and New York: Longman. hlm. 39. ISBN 0-582-64327-9.