Anne Hutchinson

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Anne Hutchinson
A woman standing before a table behind which are seated several men, with several other men occupying seats against the walls of the room
Anne Hutchinson on Trial oleh Edwin Austin Abbey
Lahir Anne Marbury
Dibaptis 20 Juli 1591
Alford, Lincolnshire, Inggris
Meninggal Agustus 1643
New Netherland (kemudian The Bronx, New York)
Kewarganegaraan Inggris
Pendidikan Sekolah dirumah dan otodidak
Pekerjaan Bidan
Dikenal karena Perannya dalam Kontroversi Antinomian
Agama Puritan
Pasangan William Hutchinson
Anak Edward, Susanna, Richard, Faith, Bridget, Francis, Elizabeth, William, Samuel, Anne, Mary, Katherine, William, Susanna, Zuriel
Orang tua Reverend Francis Marbury dan Bridget Dryden
Kerabat Nenek dari Gubernur Peleg Sanford
Nenek buyut dari Gubernur Thomas Hutchinson
Nenek moyak dari Presiden Amerika Serikat Franklin D. Roosevelt, George H. W. Bush dan George W. Bush

Anne Hutchinson, lahir Anne Marbury (15911643) adalah seorang wanita Puritan, penasehat spiritual, ibu dari 15 orang, dan peserta penting dalam Kontroversi Antinomian yang mengguncang Koloni Teluk Massachusetts yang baru lahir antara tahun 1636 hingga tahun 1638. Keyakinan yang kuat akan agama yang bertentangan dengan pendeta Puritan mapan di wilayah Boston, dan popularitas dan karisma membantu menciptakan perpecahan teologis yang mengancam untuk menghancurkan percobaan agama kaum Puritan di New England. Dia akhirnya diadili dan dihukum, kemudian diusir dari koloni dengan banyak pendukungnya.

Kehidupan di Inggris[sunting | sunting sumber]

Masa kecil[sunting | sunting sumber]

Masa dewasa-mengikuti John Cotton[sunting | sunting sumber]

Boston[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gereja Boston[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kelompok belajar Alkitab di rumah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kontorversi Antinomian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peristiwa 1637[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengadilan sipil[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penahanan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengadilan Gereja[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rhode Island[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kehamilan terakhir[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perpecahan dalam pemerintahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Barr, Lockwood (1946). A brief, but most complete & true Account of the Settlement of the Ancient Town of Pelham, Westchester County, State of New York. Richmond, Virginia: The Dietz Press, Inc. 
  • Battis, Emery (1962). Saints and Sectaries: Anne Hutchinson and the Antinomian Controversy in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 
  • Battis, Emery (1981). "Mrs. Hutchinson's Behavior in Terms of Menopausal Symptoms". In Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 16–17. 
  • Bolton, Reginald Pelham (July 1922). "The Home of Mistress Ann Hutchinson". New York Historical Society Quarterly Review VI: 43–52. 
  • Bremer, Francis J. (1981). Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 1–8. 
  • Champlin, John Denison (1913). "The Tragedy of Anne Hutchinson". Journal of American History 5 (3): 1–11. 
  • Colket, Meredith B. (1936). The English Ancestry of Anne Marbury Hutchinson and Katherine Marbury Scott. Philadelphia: Magee Press. 
  • Crawford, Deborah (1970). Four Women in a Violent Time. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. 
  • Dunn, Mary Maples (1981). "Saints and Sisters". In Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 112–123. 
  • Humpherey, Grace (1919). Women in American History. Freeport, New York: Bobbs-Merrill. hlm. 18–29. 
  • Kirkpatrick, Katherine (1998). Trouble's Daughter, the Story of Susanna Hutchinson, Indian Captive. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-385-32600-9. 
  • Lang, Amy Schrager (1987). Prophetic Woman: Anne Hutchinson and the Problem of Dissent in the Literature of New England. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-05598-5. 
  • Lauter, Paul (2006). The Heath Anthology of American Literature A. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 
  • Morgan, Edmund S (1981). "The Case Against Anne Hutchinson". In Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 51–57. 
  • Morris, Richard B (1981). "Jezebel Before the Judges". In Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 58–64. 
  • Pritchard, Evan T. (2002). Native New Yorkers: the legacy of the Algonquin people of New York. San Francisco: Council Oak Books. 
  • Roberts, Gary Boyd (2008). The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States ... with a 2008 Addendum. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. 
  • Rothbard, Murray (1975). "Suppressing Heresy: The Flight of Anne Hutchinson". Conceived in Liberty 1. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House Publishers. 
  • Winship, Michael Paul (2002). Making Heretics: Militant Protestantism and Free Grace in Massachusetts, 1636–1641. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-08943-4. 
  • Winship, Michael Paul (2005). The Times and Trials of Anne Hutchinson: Puritans Divided. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1380-3. 

Sumber daring

  • "The Daily Planet". City of New York Parks and Recreation. 19 July 2001. Diakses 10 August 2012. 

Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Augur, Helen (1930). An American Jezebel: The Life of Anne Hutchinson. New York: Brentano's. 
  • Curtis, Edith Roelker (1930). Anne Hutchinson: A Biography. Cambridge: Washburn & Thomas. 
  • Ditmore, Michael G. (2000). "A Prophetess in Her Own Country: an Exegesis of Anne Hutchinson's 'Immediate Revelation". William and Mary Quarterly 57 (2): 349–392. doi:10.2307/2674479.  The article includes an annotated transcription of Hutchinson's "Immediate Revelation."
  • Gura, Philip F. (1984). A Glimpse of Sion's Glory: Puritan Radicalism in New England, 1620–1660. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0-8195-5095-7. 
  • Huber, Elaine C. (1985). Women and the Authority of Inspiration: A Re-examination of Two Movements from a Contemporary Feminist Perspective. Lantham, Massachusetts: University Press of America. 
  • Leonardo, Bianca; Rugg, Winifred K. (1995). Anne Hutchinson: Unsung Heroine of History. Tree of Life Publications. 
  • Rugg, Winnifred King (1930). Unafraid: A Life of Anne Hutchinson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 
  • Williams, Selma R. (1981). Divine Rebel: The Life of Anne Marbury Hutchinson. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]