National Park Service

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National Park Service
US-NationalParkService-ShadedLogo.svg
National Park Service Arrowhead
Tentang Lembaga
Dibentuk 25 Agustus 1916
Yurisdiksi Pemerintah federal Amerika Serikat
Kantor pusat 1849 C Street NW, Washington, DC 20240
Karyawan 15.828 permanen, 1.256 sementara, 2,984 musiman (2007)
Anggaran $2,924 miliar (2009)
Eksekutif Jonathan Jarvis, Direktur National Park Service
Lembaga induk Departemen Dalam Negeri AS
Situs web
nps.gov

National Park Service (NPS) adalah lembaga federal AS yang mengelola semua taman nasional, berbagai monumen nasional, dan properti konservasi dan bersejarah lainnya dengan bermacam penetapan gelar.[1] Lembaga ini dibentuk pada 25 Agustus 1916 oleh Kongres melalui National Park Service Organic Act.[2]

NPS adalah lembaga Departemen Dalam Negeri Amerika Serikat, sebuah departemen eksekutif federal yang ketuanya, Menteri Dalam Negeri, adalah pejabat Kabinet yang dicalonkan oleh Presiden dan disetujui oleh Senat. Sebagian besar manajemen langsung NPS diperintahkan oleh Menteri kepada Direktur National Park Service, yang juga harus disetujui oleh Senat.

21.989 karyawan NPS mengawasi 395 satuan, 58 di antaranya ditetapkan sebagai taman nasional.[3]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tokoh

Wilayah

Organisasi Terkait

Lainnya

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Designation of National Park System Units". National Park Service. Diakses 2008-04-05. 
  2. ^ "The National Park Service Organic Act". National Park Service. Diakses 2008-04-05. 
  3. ^ Budget Justifications and Performance Information, Fiscal Year 2008, National Park Service

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Albright, Horace M. (as told to Robert Cahn). The Birth of the National Park Service. Salt Lake City: Howe Brothers, 1985.
  • Albright, Horace M, and Marian Albright Schenck. Creating the National Park Service: The Missing Years. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999.
  • Dilsaver, Lary M., ed. America's National Park System: The Critical Documents. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1994.
  • Everhardt, William C. The National Park Service. New York: Praeger, 1972.
  • Foresta, Ronald A. America's National Parks and Their Keepers. Washington: Resources for the Future, 1985.
  • Freemuth, John. Islands Under Siege: National Parks and the Politics of External Threats. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1991.
  • Garrison, Lemuel A;. The Making of a Ranger. Salt Lake City: Howe Brothers, 1983.
  • Gartner, Bob; Exploring Careers in the National Parks. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. 1993
  • Hartzog, George B. Jr; Battling for the National Parks; Moyer Bell Limited; Mt. Kisco, New York; 1988
  • Ise, John. Our National Park Policy: A Critical History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1961.
  • Lee, Ronald F.; Family Tree of the National Park System; Eastern National Parks, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1972
  • Lowery, William. Repairing Paradise: The Restoration of Nature in America's National Parks. Washington: Brookings, 2009
  • Mackintosh, Barry. The National Parks: Shaping the System. Washington: National Park Service, 1991.
  • National Parks for the 21st Century; The Vail Agenda; The National Park Foundation, 1991
  • National Park Service Almanac, Edited and Compiled by Ben Moffett and Vickie Carson: Rocky Mountain Region, National Park Service, 1991, revised 2006
  • The National Parks: Shaping The System; National Park Service, Washington D.C. 1991.
  • Rettie, Dwight F.; Our National Park System; University of Illinois Press; Urbana, Illinois; 1995
  • Ridenour, James M. The National Parks Compromised: Pork Barrel Politics and America's Treasures. Merrillville, IN: ICS Books, 1994.
  • Rothman, Hal K. Preserving Different Pasts: The American National Monuments. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
  • Runte, Alfred. National Parks, the American Experience, Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1987.
  • Sellars, Richard West. Preserving Nature in the National Parks: A History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.
  • Shankland, Robert; Steve Mather of the National Parks; Alfred A. Knopf, New York; 1970
  • Sontag, William H. National Park Service: The First 75 Years. Philadelphia: Eastern National Park & Monument Assn., 1991.
  • Sutter, Paul. 2002. Driven Wild: How the Fight against Automobiles Launched the Modern Wilderness Movement. Seattle: University of Washington press. ISBN 978-0-295-98219-9.
  • Swain, Donald. Wilderness Defender: Horace M. Albright and Conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.
  • Udall, Stewart L., The Quiet Crisis. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1963.
  • Wirth, Conrad L. Parks, Politics, and the People. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.

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