Yahudi Cochin

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Yahudi Cochin
Cochin Jews.jpg
Total populasi
7,000-8000 (perkiraan)
Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
 Israel7,000-8000 (perkiraan)[1]
 India100+[2]
Bahasa
Secara traditional, Yudeo-Malayalam, sekarang kebanyakan bahasa Ibrani di Israel
Agama
Yudaisme
Kelompok etnis terkait
Yahudi Parades
Knanaya
Yahudi Sephardik di India
Bene Israel
yahudi Baghdad

Yahudi Cochin, juga disebut Yahudi Malabar adalah warisan Mizrahi dan kelompok Yahudi di India tertua, yang kemungkinan berasal dari zaman Raja Salomo.[3] Yahudi Cochin bermukim di Kerajaan Cochin di India Selatan,[4] sekarang bagian dari Kerala.[5] Dikarenakan menjadi dikenal sebagai Yahudi Malabar, mereka membangun sinagoge di Kerala pada permulaan abad ke-12 dan ke-13[6] dan mengembangkan Yudeo-Malayalam, sebuah dialek dari bahasa Malayalam.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Jews From Cochin Bring Their Unique Indian Cuisine to Israeli Diners Tablet Magazine, By Dana Kessler|October 23, 2013
  2. ^ Sensus India 2001
  3. ^ Weil, Shalva. "Jews in India." in M.Avrum Erlich (ed.) Encyclopaedia of the Jewish Diaspora, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC CLIO. 2008, 3: 1204-1212.
  4. ^ Weil, Shalva. India's Jewish Heritage: Ritual, Art and Life-Cycle, Mumbai: Marg Publications, 2009. [first published in 2002; 3rd edn.]. Katz 2000; Koder 1973; Menachery 1998
  5. ^ Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews", in Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember and Ian Skoggard (eds) Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement, New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002. pp. 78-80. Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews" in Judith Baskin (ed.) Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. pp. 107.
  6. ^ Weil, Shalva. From Cochin to Israel. Jerusalem: Kumu Berina, 1984. (Hebrew) Weil, Shalva. "Kerala to restore 400-year-old Indian synagogue", The Jerusalem Post. 2009.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Fernandes, Edna. (2008) The Last Jews of Kerala. London: Portobello Books. ISBN 978-1-84627-098-7
  • Koder, S. "History of the Jews of Kerala," The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, ed. G. Menachery, 1973.
  • Puthiakunnel, Thomas. (1973) "Jewish Colonies of India Paved the Way for St. Thomas", The Saint Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, ed. George Menachery, Vol. II., Trichur.
  • Daniel, Ruby & B. Johnson. (1995). Ruby of Cochin: An Indian Jewish Woman Remembers. Philadelphia and Jerusalem: Jewish Publication Society.
  • Day, Francis (1869). The Land of the Permauls, Or, Cochin, Its Past and Its Present, Cochin Jewish life in 18th century, read Chapter VIII (pp. 336 to 354), reproduced pp. 446-451 in ICHC I, 1998, Ed. George Menachery. Francis Day was a British civil surgeon in 1863.
  • Walter J. Fischel, The Cochin Jews, reproduced from the Cochin Synagogue, 4th century, Vol. 1968, Ed. Velayudhan and Koder, Kerala History Association, Ernakulam, reproduced in ICHC I, Ed. George Menachery, 1998, pp. 562–563
  • de Beth Hillel, David. (1832) Travels; Madras.
  • Jussay, P.M. (1986) "The Wedding Songs of the Cochin Jews and of the Knanite Christians of Kerala: A Study in Comparison". Symposium.
  • Hough, James. (1893) The History of Christianity in India.
  • Lord, James Henry. (1977) The Jews in India and the Far East. 120 pp.; Greenwood Press Reprint; ISBN 0-8371-2615-0
  • Menachery, George, ed. (1998) The Indian Church History Classics, Vol. I, The Nazranies, Ollur, 1998. ISBN 81-87133-05-8
  • Katz, Nathan; & Goldberg, Ellen S; (1993) The Last Jews of Cochin: Jewish Identity in Hindu India. Foreword by Daniel J. Elazar, Columbia, SC: Univ. of South Carolina Press. ISBN 0-87249-847-6
  • Menachery, George, ed. (1973) The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India B.N.K. Press, vol. 2, ISBN 81-87132-06-X, Lib. Cong. Cat. Card. No. 73-905568 ; B.N.K. Press
  • Weil, S. "Symmetry between Christians and Jews in India: The Cananite Christians and Cochin Jews in Kerala," Contributions to Indian Sociology. 1982, 16.
  • Weil, Shalva. From Cochin to Israel. Jerusalem: Kumu Berina, 1984. (Hebrew)
  • Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews", in Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember and Ian Skoggard (eds) Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement, New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002. pp. 78–80.
  • Weil, Shalva. "Jews in India." in M.Avrum Erlich (ed.) Encyclopaedia of the Jewish Diaspora, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC CLIO. 2008, 3: 1204-1212.
  • Weil, Shalva. India's Jewish Heritage: Ritual, Art and Life-Cycle, Mumbai: Marg Publications, 2009. [first published in 2002; 3rd edn.].
  • Weil, Shalva. "The Place of Alwaye in Modern Cochin Jewish History." Journal of Modern Jewish Studies. 2010, 8(3): 319-335
  • Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews" in Judith Baskin (ed.) Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. pp. 107.
  • Weil, Shalva. '"Today is Purim": A Cochin Jewish Song in Hebrew." TAPASAM Journal: Quarterly Journal for Kerala Studies. 2006, 1(3): 575-588.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chiriyankandath, James. (March 2008) "Nationalism, religion and community: A. B. Salem, 'The Politics of Identity and the Disappearance of Cochin Jewry", Journal of Global History 3, 1: 21–42.
  • Katz, Nathan. (2000) Who Are the Jews of India?; Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21323-8
  • Katz, Nathan; Goldberg, Ellen S; (1995) "Leaving Mother India: Reasons for the Cochin Jews' Migration to Israel", Population Review 39, 1 & 2: 35–53.
  • George Menachery, The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, Vol. III, 2010, Plate f. p. 264 for 9 photographs, ISBN 81-8732-00-0
  • Paulose, Rachel. "Minnesota and the Jews of India", Asian American Press, 14 February 2012
  • Weil, Shalva. "Obituary: Professor J.B Segal." Journal of Indo-Judaic Studies. 2005, 7: 117-119.
  • Weil, Shalva. "Indian Judaic Tradition." in Sushil Mittal and Gene Thursby (eds) Religions in South Asia, London: Palgrave Publishers. 2006, pp. 169–183.
  • Weil, Shalva. "Indo-Judaic Studies in the Twenty-First Century: A Perspective from the Margin, Katz, N., Chakravarti, R., Sinha, B. M. and Weil, S. (eds) New York and Basingstoke, England: Palgrave-Macmillan Press. 2007.
  • Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews(South Asia)." in Paul Hockings (ed.) Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Boston, Mass: G.K. Hall & Co.2. 1992, 71-73.
  • Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews." Encyclopedia Judaica, Jerusalem, CDRom.1999.
  • Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews." in Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember and Ian Skoggard (eds) Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement. New York: Macmillan Reference USA. 2002, pp. 78–80.
  • Weil, Shalva."Judaism-South Asia', in David Levinson and Karen Christensen (eds) Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 2004, 3: 284-286.
  • Weil, Shalva. "Cochin Jews." in Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik (eds) Encyclopedia Judaica, 1st ed., Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, CD-Rom. 2007, (3: 335-339).
  • Weil, Shalva. "Jews in India."in M.Avrum Erlich (ed.) Encyclopaedia of the Jewish Diaspora, Santa Barbara, USA: ABC CLIO. 2008.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]