Warith Deen Muhammad

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Langsung ke: navigasi, cari
Warith Deen Mohammed
Ketua Nation of Islam
Masa jabatan
26 Februari 1975 – 1976
Didahului oleh Elijah Muhammad
Ketua American Society of Muslims
Masa jabatan
1976 – 31 Agustus 2003
Direktur The Mosque Cares
Masa jabatan
2003 – 9 September 2008
Digantikan oleh Wallace D. Mohammed II
Informasi pribadi
Lahir Wallace D. Muhammad
[[{{{3}}} Parameter salah (harus 1 — 12)]] 30 Oktober 1933
Hamtramck, Michigan, A.S.
Meninggal [[{{{3}}} Parameter salah (harus 1 — 12)]] 9 September 2008 (umur Kesalahan ekspresi: Kata "september" tak dikenal)
(aged 74)
Chicago, Illinois, A.S.
Tempat persemayaman Mount Glenwood Cemetery,
Thornton, Illinois, A.S.
Kebangsaan Amerika Serikat
Suami/istri Shirley Muhammad
Khadijah Siddeeq-Mohammed
Relasi Dr. Akbar Muhammad, PHD, Jabir Herbert Muhammad
Alma mater Muhammad University of Islam
Pekerjaan Imam, reformis agama, cendekiawan Islam, pebisnis
Agama Islam

Warith Deen Mohammed (terlahir Wallace D. Muhammad; 30 Oktober 1933 – 9 September 2008), juga dikenal dengan nama "W. Deen Mohammed" atau "Imam W. Deen Muhammad", adalah seorang pemimpin agama, teolog, filsuf, revivalis Islam dan pemikir Islam progresif Amerika Serikat yang membubarkan Nation of Islam pada tahun 1976[1] dan mengubahnya menjadi gerakan Islam arus utama yang ortodoks, World Community of Al-Islam in the West, yang kelak menjadi American Society of Muslims.[2] Ia adalah putra dari Elijah Muhammad, ketua Nation of Islam sejak 1933 sampai 1975.[3][4]

Ia menjadi ketua nasional (Supreme Minister) Nation of Islam pada tahun 1975 setelah kematian ayahnya.[5] Sebagai hasil pembelajaran dan pemikirannya, ia berhasil memimpin mayoritas anggota N.O.I. asli beralih ke Islam Sunni yang lebih umum pada tahun 1978.[6] Melalui penggabungan ini, ia memimpin perpindahan massal ke agama Islam terbesar sepanjang sejarah Amerika Serikat.[7] Ia menolak penuhanan Wallace Fard Muhammad sebagaimana yang terjadi sebelumnya, menerima orang kulit putih sebagai sesama pemeluk, mempererat hubungan dengan komunitas Muslim secara umum, dan memperkenalkan Rukun Islam ke teologi organisasinya.[2][8]

Kelompok-kelompok pecahan yang menolak perubahan tersebut dibentuk setelah kematian Elijah Muhammad, khususnya di bawah pimpinan Louis Farrakhan, yang memakai kembali nama Nation of Islam untuk organisasinya.[2][9]

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Teachings of W. D. Muhammad, Muhammad's Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, 1975
  • The Lectures of Emam W. D. Muhammad, Muhammad's Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, 1976
  • Book of Muslim Names, The Honorable Elijah Muhammad Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, February 1976
  • The Man and the Woman in Islam, The Honorable Elijah Muhammad Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, February 1976
  • As the Light Shineth from the East, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1980
  • Prayer and Al-Islam, Muhammad Islamic Foundation, Chicago, Illinois, 1982, Library of Congress Card Number: 82-61077
  • Religion on the Line, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1983
  • Imam W. Deen Muhammad speaks from Harlem, N.Y. Book 1, W. D. M. Publications, 1984
  • Imam W. Deen Muhammad speaks from Harlem, N.Y.: Challenges That Face Man Today Book 2, 1985
  • Meeting The Challenge: Halal Foods for Our Everyday Needs, The Honorable Elijah Muhammad Masjid, Chicago, Illinois, 1986
  • An African American Genesis, M.A.C.A. Publication Fund, Chicago, Illinois, 1986, Library of Congress Card Number: 86-63266
  • Focus on Al-Islam: Interviews with Imam W. Deen Mohammed, Zakat Publications, Chicago, Illinois, Dec. 1988, Library of Congress Card Number: 89-090728
  • Al-Islam: Unity, and Leadership, The Sense Maker, Chicago, Illinois, 1991, Library of Congress Card Number: 91-061449, ISBN 1-879698-00-5
  • Worst Oppression Is False Worship "The Key Is Tauheed-Oneness of Allah," W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1991
  • Growth for a Model Community in America, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1995
  • Islam's Climate for Business Success, The Sense Maker, Chicago, Illinois, 1995, Library of Congress Card Number: 95-071105, ISBN 1-879698-01-3
  • Mohammed Speaks, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1999
  • Blessed Ramadan - The Fast of Ramadan
  • Plans for a Better Future: Peace, Inclusion and International Brotherhood
  • The Schemes Of Satan the Enemy of Man
  • The Champion We Have In Common: The Dynamic African American Soul Books 1, 2, 3, & 4, The Mosque Cares Publications, August 2005
  • A Time for Greater Communities Vol. 1-4
  • Securing our Share of Freedom
  • Prayer in al-Islam, A Learner's Guide w/Instructional CD, WDM Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 2007
  • Return to Innocence: Transitioning of the Nation of Islam, The Sense Maker, Chicago, Illinois, 2007
  • Life The Final Battlefield, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 2008

Pamflet[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • A Look At W. Deen Mohammed: Muslim American Spokesman for Human Salvation, A Ministry of W. Deen Mohammed Publication, Chicago, Illinois, 1993

Presentasi video dan audio[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Imam W. Deen Mohammed: "Systems of Knowledge", Muslim News Magazine, recorded as a television special by MNM during the 1994 Islamic Convention in Washington, DC. This classroom lecture was delivered in front of more than 200 Imams and scholars at the Renaissance Hotel. "Systems of Knowledge" is a classroom presentation on the essence of Quranic Arabic and its meaning to all mankind. This presentation marked the only time that Imam Mohammed allowed cameras into one of his private Imam classes. RT: 60 minutes. 1994.[rujukan?]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Wall Street Journal, Vol. CIV, NO. 6, Friday, July 9, 1999
  2. ^ a b c The Washington Post http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/onfaith/panelists/john_esposito/2008/09/wd_mohammed_a_witness_for_true.html Missing or empty |title= (help). 
  3. ^ The Emergence of Islam in the African-American Community
  4. ^ "Warith Deen Mohammed", This Far By Faith, Public Broadcasting Service.
  5. ^ Lincoln, C. Eric. (1994)The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company) page 263
  6. ^ "W. DEEN MOHAMMED: A leap of faith", Chicago Tribune
  7. ^ "Farewell America's Imam", Cable News Network
  8. ^ "Conversion of the Muslims", TIME, 14 Mar 1977
  9. ^ Lincoln, C. Eric. (1994)The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company) page 274

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]