Tughril

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Tughril
Tughril portrait, Turkmenistan banknote (2009).jpg
Potret Tughril pada mata uang kertas Turkmenistan
Sultan Kekaisaran Seljuk
Berkuasa1037 – 4 Oktober 1063
PendahuluJabatan dibentuk
PenerusAlp Arslan
Lahirca. 993
Stepa Asia Tengah
Wafat4 Oktober 1063 (usia 70)
Ray, Jibal, Kekaisaran Seljuk
Pemakaman
WangsaSeljuk
Nama lengkap
Abu Talib Muhammad Tughril ibn Mika'il
AyahMikail
PasanganTemplat:Unbulletedlist
AnakTidak ada
AgamaIslam Sunni

Abu Talib Muhammad Tughril ibn Mika'il (bahasa Persia: ابوطالب محمد تغریل بن میکائیل), yang lebih dikenal sebagai Tughril (طغریل; juga disebut Toghril), adalah seorang pemimpin Turkoman.[3][4] Ia membentuk Kekaisaran Seljuk, dan berkuasa dari 1037 sampai 1063.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c Faruk Sümer. "TUĞRUL BEY es-Sultânü'l-muazzam Şâhânşâh Rüknüddîn Ebû Tâlib Tuğrul Bey Muhammed b. Mîkâîl b. Selçuk (ö. 455/1063) Büyük Selçuklu Devleti'nin ilk hükümdarı (1040-1063).". TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. 
  2. ^ a b c "THE SELJUKS AND THEIR SUCCESSORS: IRAN AND CENTRAL ASIA, C.1040-1250 Coin no. 2 of 14". Two years later he entered Baghdad a second time, and was given the laqab Rukn al-Dawla (“Pillar of the State”) and the title malik al-mashriq wa’l-maghrib (“King of the East and the West”), which allowed him to be addressed as sultan. 
  3. ^ Grousset, Rene, The Empire of the Steppes, (Rutgers University Press, 1991), 161,164; "It is to be noted that the Seljuks, those Turkomans who became sultans of Persia..."
  4. ^ Fleet, Kate (2009). The Cambridge History of Turkey: Byzantium to Turkey, 1071–1453: Volume 1 (PDF). Cambridge University Press. hlm. 1. "The defeat in August 1071 of the Byzantine emperor Romanos Diogenes by the Turkomans at the battle of Malazgirt (Manzikert) is taken as a turning point in the history of Anatolia and the Byzantine Empire.

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