Tristan und Isolde

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Tristan und Isolde
Drama musik karya Richard Wagner
Joseph Albert - Ludwig und Malwine Schnorr von Carolsfeld - Tristan und Isolde, 1865f.jpg
Ludwig dan Malvina Schnorr von Carolsfeld sebagai Tristan dan Isolde
LibrettistRichard Wagner
BahasaJerman
Berdasarkan padaTristan karya Gottfried von Strassburg
Penampilan perdana10 Juni 1865 (1865-06-10)
Königliches Hof- und Nationaltheater, München

Tristan und Isolde (Tristan dan Isolde, atau Tristan dan Isolda, atau Tristran dan Ysolt) adalah sebuah opera atau drama musik karya Richard Wagner yang terdiri dari tiga babak. Karya ini didasarkan pada roman dari abad ke-12, yaitu Tristan karya Gottfried von Strassburg. Karya ini dibuat dari tahun 1857 hingga 1859 dan pertama kali dipentaskan di Königliches Hof- und Nationaltheater di München pada tanggal 10 Juni 1865. Wagner tidak menganggap karya ini sebagai sebuah opera, tetapi ia menyebutnya "eine Handlung" (secara harfiah berarti drama).

Komposisi Tristan und Isolde karya Wagner terinspirasi dari filsafat Arthur Schopenhauer (particularly Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung), dan juga hubungan Wagner dengan Mathilde Wesendonck.

Tristan und Isolde sangat populer di kalangan komponis klasik Barat dan menjadi inspirasi bagi Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss, Karol Szymanowski, Alban Berg, Arnold Schoenberg dan Benjamin Britten.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Barth Herbert; Mack, Dietrich; Voss Egon, editors (1975). Wagner: A Documentary Study. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-27399-9.
  • Blyth, Alan (1992). Opera on CD: The Essential Guide to the Best CD Recordings of 100 Operas London: Kyle Cathie. ISBN 978-1-85626-056-5.
  • Borchmeyer, Dieter (2003). Drama and the World of Richard Wagner. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-11497-2.
  • Chafe, Eric (2005). The Tragic and the Ecstatic: The Musical Revolution of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-517647-6.
  • Classen, Albrecht (20 May 2003). "Tristan and Isolde (also known as Tristan and Iseult, Tristan and Isolt, Tristram)". The Literary Encyclopedia. ISSN 1747-678X. 
  • Deathridge, John (2008), "Wagner Beyond Good and Evil". Berkeley: California Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0-520-25453-4.
  • Fabinger, Carollina (2009). Tristano e Isotta. Una piccola storia sul destino e sull'amore eterno (illustrated version, in Italian). Milan: Nuages. ISBN 978-88-86178-90-7.
  • Gregor-Dellin, Martin (1983). Richard Wagner: His Life, His Work, His Century. London: William Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-216669-0.
  • Gut, Serge (2014), Tristan et Isolde. Paris: Fayard. ISBN 978-2-213-68113-9.
  • Gutman, Robert W. (1990). Wagner – The Man, His Mind and His Music. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 978-0-15-677615-8.
  • Holloway, Robin (1982). "Tristan und Isolde" in Blyth, Alan, editor. Opera on Record, pp. 363–75. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0-06-090910-9.
  • Magee, Bryan (1983). The Philosophy of Schopenhauer. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-824673-2.
  • Magee, Bryan (2001). The Tristan Chord: Wagner and Philosophy. New York: Metropolitan Books. ISBN 978-0-8050-6788-0.
  • May, Thomas (2004). Decoding Wagner. Pompton Plains, New Jersey: Amadeus Press. ISBN 978-1-57467-097-4.
  • Millington, Barry, editor (1992). The Wagner Compendium: A Guide to Wagner's Life and Music. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd. ISBN 978-0-500-28274-8.
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich; Hollingdale, Roger, translator (1979). Ecce Homo. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-044515-2.
  • Sadie, Stanley, editor (1992). The New Grove Dictionary of Opera (4 volumes). London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-56159-228-9.
  • Scruton, Roger (2004). Death-Devoted Heart: Sex and the Sacred in Wagner's Tristan and Isolde. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-516691-4.
  • Wagner, Richard; Mottl, Felix, editor (1911 or slightly later). Tristan und Isolde (full score). Leipzig: C. F. Peters. Reprint by Dover (1973): ISBN 978-0-486-22915-7.
  • Wagner, Richard (1911). My Life (2 volumes; authorized English translation from German). New York: Dodd, Mead. Volume 1 and 2 at Google Books.
  • Wagner, Richard (1981). Tristan and Isolde (English National Opera Guide). London: J. Calder. ISBN 978-0-7145-3849-5. (Includes libretto, English translation by Andrew Porter, introduction by John Luke Rose, and commentaries.)