Thomas Newman

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Thomas Newman
Thomas Newman.jpg
Newman at Classic Brit Awards in 2010
Latar belakang
Nama lahir Thomas Montgomery Newman
Lahir 20 Oktober 1955 (umur 61)
Los Angeles, California, U.S
Pekerjaan Komposer musik dari film

Thomas Montgomery Newman (lahir 20 Oktober 1955) adalah komposer berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat yang dikenal melalui karya-karya komposisinya untuk beberapa film. Namanya pernah dua belas kali masuk nominasi dalam Academy Awards, tiga kali dalam Golden Globes, memenangi dua penghargaan BAFTA Awards, enam kali dalam Grammy Award, dan sekali Emmy Award. Newman menerima penghargaan Richard Kirk Award pada tahun 2000, serta BMI Film and TV Awards.[1]

Kehidupan pribadi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lahir di Los Angeles, California, dia merupakan putera bungu dari Martha Louis (1920-2005) asal Mississippi dan komposer Alfred Newman (1901-1970), yang memenangi enam kali penghargaanOscars untuk Best Film Score. Dia merupakan salah satu anggota dinasti komposer film di Hollywood termasuk ayahnya, dan kakak laki-lakinya, David Newman, kakak perempuannya Maria Newman, pamannya, Lionel Newman dan Emil Newman, sepupunya, Randy Newman (yang juga dikenal sebagai penulis lagu dan penyanyi), and his keponakan Joey Newman. Selama dalam pengasuhan, marta mengarahkan putra-putranya untuk belajar violin di San Fernando Valley setiap akhir pekan.[2] Newman kemudian belajar komposisi dan orkestra selama dua tahun di Universitas California Selatan,[3] sebelum melanjutkan di Universitas Yale, di mana dia meraih gelar Bachelor of Arts pada tahun 1977 dan Master of Music tahun 1978.[4] Sementara berada di Universitas Yale, he bertamu dengan komposer Stephen Sondheim, yang menjadi pembimbing awalnya.[2] Newman dan istrinya, Ann Marie, memiliki tiga anak. Mereka tinggal di Pacific Palisades, tak jauh dari Los Angeles.

Karier[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada awalnya, Newman lebih tertarik dengan musik teater dibandingkan komposisi musik untuk film. Dia lantas bekerja di Sondheim Broadway.[5] Lionel, yang menggantikan Alfred sebagai sutradara untuk 20th Century Fox, memberikan tugas pertama pada tahun 1979 untuk serial The Paper Chase.[1] Tahun 1983, John Williams, yang merupakan sahat Alfred dan Lionel, mengundang Newman untuk mengerjakan proyek Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi, memasukkan komposisi orkestra dalam dalam adegan kematian Darth Vader. Satu tahun setelahnya, dia bertemu produser asal New York producer, Scott Rudin, yang mengundangnya untuk menyusun komposisi musik untuk film Reckless (1984).[6] Tahun 1992, Newman menyusun komposisi musik untuk film karya Martin Brest berjudul Scent of a Woman. Tahun 1994, merupakan kali pertama namanya masuk nominasi dalam Academy Award untuk film garapannya, The Shawshank Redemption dan Little Women.[5] Dia juga mengerjakan untuk film The War. Tahun 1996, dia terlibat dalam proyek film karya Diane KeatonUnstrung Heroes, yang juga masuk nominasi lagi dalam Oscar. Pada tahun 1998, film karya Robert Redford The Horse Whisperer dan Meet Joe Black pun dia kerjakan. Sedangkan tahun 1999, Newman menyusun komposisi musik untuk film Sam Mendes, American Beauty, dengan memasukkan unsur musik perkusi secara dominan. "[7] Ini merupakan kerja sama pertama dengan Mendes. 

Filmografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Film[sunting | sunting sumber]

1980-an[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Sutradara Studio Catatan
1984 Reckless James Foley Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer N/A
Revenge of the Nerds Jeff Kanew Interscope Communications
20th Century Fox
N/A
Grandview, U.S.A. Randal Kleiser CBS Entertainment Production
Warner Bros. Pictures (theatrical)
CBS/Fox Video (VHS release)
Paramount Home Entertainment (DVD release)
N/A
1985 Desperately Seeking Susan Susan Seidelman Orion Pictures Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande. Album shared with Making Mr. Right
Girls Just Want to Have Fun Alan Metter New World Pictures N/A
The Man with One Red Shoe Stan Dragoti 20th Century Fox N/A
Real Genius Martha Coolidge TriStar Pictures N/A
1986 Gung Ho Ron Howard Paramount Pictures First collaboration with Ron Howard
One track released by Milan on the compilation album Ron Howard - Passions & Achievements
Jumpin' Jack Flash Penny Marshall Largo Entertainment
Silver Pictures
20th Century Fox
Song album with two Newman tracks
1987 Light of Day Paul Schrader TriStar Pictures Song album with one Newman track
The Lost Boys Joel Schumacher Warner Bros. Pictures Song album with one Newman track
Less Than Zero Marek Kanievska 20th Century Fox Song album; no Newman score
1988 The Great Outdoors Howard Deutch Hughes Entertainment
Universal Pictures
Song album with one Newman track
The Prince of Pennsylvania Ron Nyswaner Fine Line Features
New Line Cinema
N/A
1989 Cookie Susan Seidelman Lorimar Film Entertainment
Warner Bros. Pictures
N/A

1990-an[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Sutradara Studio Catatan
1990 Men Don't Leave Paul Brickman Geffen Pictures
Warner Bros. Pictures
N/A
Welcome Home, Roxy Carmichael Jim Abrahams Paramount Pictures soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
1991 Career Opportunities Bryan Gordon hughes Entertainment
Universal Pictures
song album with three Newman tracks released by Curb
The Linguini Incident Richard Shepard academy Entertainment soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
Naked Tango Leonard Schrader New Line Cinema N/A
The Rapture Michael Tolkin Fine Line Features
New Line Cinema
Song album with ten Newman tracks
Deceived Damian Harris Touchstone Pictures N/A
Fried Green Tomatoes Jon Avnet Act III Communications
Universal Pictures
Song album with three Newman tracks and separate score album, both released by MCA
1992 The Player Robert Altman Avenue Pictures
Spelling Films
Fine Line Features (US)
Pathé (International)
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
Whispers in the Dark Christopher Crowe Paramount Pictures Varèse Sarabande album release cancelled; released by Intrada in 2012
Scent of a Woman Martin Brest City Light Films
Universal Pictures
Soundtrack released by MCA
1993 Flesh and Bone Steve Kloves Paramount Pictures Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
Josh and S.A.M. Billy Weber Castle Rock Entertainment
New Line Cinema
Columbia Pictures
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
1994 Threesome Andrew Fleming Motion Picture Corporation of America
TriStar Pictures
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande. Twinned with American Buffalo
The Favor Donald Petrie Orion Pictures N/A
The Shawshank Redemption Frank Darabont Castle Rock Entertainment
Columbia Pictures
First collaboration with Frank Darabont
Soundtrack released by Sony BMG
The War Jon Avnet Universal Pictures Song album with 12 Newman tracks released by MCA
Little Women Gillian Armstrong Columbia Pictures Soundtrack released by Sony Classical
1995 Unstrung Heroes Diane Keaton Hollywood Pictures Soundtrack released by Hollywood Records
How to Make an American Quilt Jocelyn Moorhouse Amblin Entertainment
Universal Pictures
Soundtrack released by MCA
1996 Up Close & Personal Jon Avnet Cinergi Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
Soundtrack released by Hollywood Records
Phenomenon Jon Turteltaub Touchstone Pictures Song album with one Newman track released by Reprise
American Buffalo Michael Corrente Capitol Films
Channel Four Films
The Samuel Goldwyn Company
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande. Twinned with Threesome
The People vs. Larry Flynt Miloš Forman Phoenix Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Soundtrack released by Angel Records
1997 Red Corner Jon Avnet Avnet-Kerner Productions
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Soundtrack released by EAR
Mad City Costa Gavras Warner Bros. Pictures Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
Oscar and Lucinda Gillian Armstrong Australian Film Finance Corporation
Fox Searchlight Pictures
Soundtrack released by Sony Classical
1998 The Horse Whisperer Robert Redford Touchstone Pictures Soundtrack released by Hollywood Records
Meet Joe Black Martin Brest City Light Filmsw
Universal Pictures
Soundtrack released by Universal Records
1999 American Beauty Sam Mendes DreamWorks Pictures First collaboration with Sam Mendes
Soundtrack released by DreamWorks Records
The Green Mile Frank Darabont Castle Rock Entertainment
Warner Bros. Pictures
Second collaboration with Frank Darabont
Soundtrack released by Warner Bros. Records

2000-an[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Director Studio Catatan
2000 Erin Brockovich Steven Soderbergh Jersey Films
Universal Pictures (US)
Columbia Pictures (International)
First collaboration with Steven Soderbergh
Soundtrack released by Sony Classical
Pay It Forward Mimi Leder Bel Air Entertainment
Tapestry Films
Pathé
Warner Bros. Pictures
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
2001 In the Bedroom Todd Field Good Machine
Miramax Films
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
2002 The Salton Sea D. J. Caruso Castle Rock Entertainment
Warner Bros. Pictures
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
Road to Perdition Sam Mendes The Zanuck Company
DreamWorks Pictures (US)
20th Century Fox (International)
Second collaboration with Sam Mendes
Soundtrack released by Decca Records
White Oleander Peter Kosminsky Umbrella Entertainment
Warner Bros. Pictures
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
2003 Finding Nemo Andrew Stanton Pixar Animation Studios
Walt Disney Pictures
First collaboration with Andrew Stanton
Soundtrack released by Walt Disney Records
2004 Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events Brad Silberling Nickelodeon Movies
Paramount Pictures (US)
DreamWorks Pictures (International)
Soundtrack released by Sony Classical
2005 Cinderella Man Ron Howard Imagine Entertainment
Miramax Films
Universal Pictures (North America)
Buena Vista Pictures (International)
Second collaboration with Ron Howard
Soundtrack released by Decca Records
Jarhead Sam Mendes Universal Pictures Third collaboration with Sam Mendes
Soundtrack released by Decca Records
2006 Little Children Todd Field New Line Cinema Soundtrack released by Silva Screen Records
The Good German Steven Soderbergh Virtual Studios
Section Eight Productions
Warner Bros. Pictures
Second collaboration with Steven Soderbergh
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
2007 Towelhead Alan Ball Scott Rudin Productions
This is that Corporation
Warner Independent Pictures
Soundtrack released by Lakeshore Records
2008 WALL-E Andrew Stanton Pixar Animation Studios
Walt Disney Pictures
Second collaboration with Andrew Stanton
Soundtrack released by Walt Disney Records
Revolutionary Road Sam Mendes BBC Films
DreamWorks Pictures
Paramount Vantage (US)
United International Pictures (International)
Fourth collaboration with Sam Mendes
Soundtrack released by Nonesuch
2009 Brothers Jim Sheridan Relativity Media
Lionsgate
Soundtrack released by Relativity Music Group

2010-an[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Sutradara Studio Catatan
2011 The Adjustment Bureau George Nolfi Media Rights Capital
Universal Pictures
Soundtrack released by Relativity Music Group
The Help Tate Taylor Reliance Entertainment
Participant Media
Image Nation
1492 Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
DreamWorks Pictures
Score album released by Varèse Sarabande
The Debt John Madden Marv Films
Miramax Films
Focus Features (US)
Universal Pictures (International)
Soundtrack released by Relativity Music Group, Silva Screen Music
The Iron Lady Phyllida Lloyd Pathé
Film4
UK Film Council
Canal+
Goldcrest Films
The Weinstein Company (US)
20th Century Fox (UK)
Soundtrack released by Sony Classical
2012 The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel John Madden Participant Media
Blueprint Pictures
Fox Searchlight Pictures
Soundtrack released by Sony Classical
Skyfall Sam Mendes Eon Productions
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Columbia Pictures
Fifth collaboration with Sam Mendes
Soundtrack released by Sony Classical
2013 Side Effects Steven Soderbergh FilmNation Entertainment
Open Road Films
Third collaboration with Steven Soderbergh
Soundtrack released by Varèse Sarabande
Saving Mr. Banks John Lee Hancock Essential Media Entertainment
BBC Films
Walt Disney Pictures
Soundtrack released by Walt Disney Records
2014 Get on Up Tate Taylor Imagine Entertainment
Universal Pictures
N/A
The Judge David Dobkin Village Roadshow Pictures
Warner Bros. Pictures
Soundtrack released by WaterTower Music
2015 The Second Best Exotic Marigold Hotel John Madden Participant Media
Blueprint Pictures
Fox Searchlight Pictures
N/A
Bridge of Spies Steven Spielberg DreamWorks Pictures
20th Century Fox
First Steven Spielberg theatrical film without his long-time composer John Williams since The Color Purple (1985), and the first collaboration with Steven Spielberg
Spectre Sam Mendes Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Columbia Pictures
Sixth collaboration with Sam Mendes
Soundtrack released by Decca Records
2016 Finding Dory[8] Andrew Stanton Walt Disney Pictures
Pixar Animation Studios
Third collaboration with Andrew Stanton

Televisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Judul Sutradara Catatan
1985 Amazing Stories Various Episode "Santa '85." Soundtrack released by Intrada
1990 Heat Wave Kevin Hooks
1992 Those Secrets David Manson Soundtrack released by Masters Film Music
Citizen Cohn Frank Pierson
2001 Six Feet Under Various Main title theme
2003 Angels in America Mike Nichols Soundtrack released by Nonesuch
2012 The Newsroom Various Main Theme and Pilot

Additional soundtracks[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penghargaan dan nominasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penghargaan Year Kategori Proyek Hasil
Academy Award 1995 Best Music, Original Score Little Women Nominated
Best Music, Original Score The Shawshank Redemption Nominated
1996 Best Music, Original Musical or Comedy Score Unstrung Heroes Nominated
2000 Best Music, Original Score American Beauty Nominated
2003 Best Music, Original Score Road to Perdition Nominated
2004 Best Music, Original Score Finding Nemo Nominated
2005 Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures, Original Score Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events Nominated
2007 Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures, Original Score The Good German Nominated
2009 Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures, Original Score WALL-E Nominated
Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures, Original Song (with Peter Gabriel) for "Down to Earth" Nominated
2013 Best Music, Original Score Skyfall Nominated
2014 Best Music, Original Score Saving Mr. Banks Nominated
Annie Award 2004 Outstanding Music in an Animated Feature Production Finding Nemo Won
BAFTA Award 2000 Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music American Beauty Won
2009 Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music WALL-E Nominated
2013 Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music Skyfall Won
2014 Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music Saving Mr. Banks Nominated
Classical Brit Award 2010 Soundtrack of the Year Revolutionary Road Won
Emmy Award 1991 Outstanding Achievement in Main Title Theme Music Against the Law Nominated
2002 Outstanding Main Title Theme Music Six Feet Under Won
Golden Globe Award 2000 Best Original Score - Motion Picture American Beauty Nominated
2009 Best Original Song - Motion Picture (with Peter Gabriel) for "Down to Earth" WALL-E Nominated
2012 Best Original Song - Motion Picture (with Mary J. Blige, Harvey Mason, Jr. and Damon Thomas) for "The Living Proof" The Help Nominated
Grammy Award 1995 Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television The Shawshank Redemption Nominated
1997 Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television Unstrung Heroes Nominated
2001 Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or other Visual Media American Beauty Won
2003 Best Instrumental Composition for Title Theme Six Feet Under Won
Best Instrumental Arrangement for Title Theme Six Feet Under Won
2005 Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media Angels in America Nominated
2009 Best Score Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media WALL-E Nominated
Best Song Written for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (with Peter Gabriel) for "Down to Earth" Won
Best Instrumental Arrangement (with Peter Gabriel) for Score Track, "Define Dancing" Won
2014 Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media Skyfall Won
2015 Saving Mr. Banks Nominated
World Soundtrack Awards 2003 Best Original Soundtrack of the Year Road to Perdition Nominated
2005 Soundtrack Composer of the Year Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events Nominated
2008 Best Original Song Written Directly for Film (with Peter Gabriel) for "Down to Earth" WALL-E Won
Best Original Score of the Year Nominated

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Richard Kirk Award: Thomas Newman Fulfills the Promise of His Legacy". bmi.com. Diakses tanggal 2010-11-03. 
  2. ^ a b Groves, Martha (December 3, 2009). "A member of a musical dynasty writes a postcard about the past". Los Angeles Times. 
  3. ^ "OnMusic Dictionary". Music.vt.edu. Diakses tanggal 2014-05-15. 
  4. ^ "YaleNews | Yale Alumni Go to the Oscars". News.yale.edu. 2010-03-01. Diakses tanggal 2014-05-15. 
  5. ^ a b Wallace, Amy (March 22, 1998). "The Newman Conquests". Los Angeles Times. 
  6. ^ "Oscar Watch: 'Skyfall' Builds Academy Support, Composer Thomas Newman Overdue for Oscar|Thompson on Hollywood". Blogs.indiewire.com. Diakses tanggal 2014-05-15. 
  7. ^ Burlingame, Jon (January 20, 2000). "Spotlight: Thomas Newman". Variety. Diakses tanggal 14 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Barcomb, James (June 6, 2014). "Thomas Newman to score Finding Dory". The Whale. Diakses tanggal June 6, 2014. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]