Tentang Yahudi dan Kebohongan-kebohongan Mereka

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Laman judul Tentang Yahudi dan Kebohongan-kebohongan Mereka karya Martin Luther. Wittenberg, 1543

Tentang Yahudi dan Kebohongan-kebohongan Mereka (bahasa Jerman: Von den Jüden und iren Lügen; dalam pengucapan modern Von den Juden und ihren Lügen) adalah sebuah risalah anti-Yahudi yang berisi 65,000 kata pada 1543 karya pemimpin Reformasi Jerman Martin Luther.

Sikap Luther terhadap Yahudi mengambil bentuk berbeda pada masa hidupnya. Pada masa awalnya, sampai 1537 atau bukannya lebih awal, ia ingin memindahkan Yahudi ke agama Kristen, namun gagal. Pada masa selanjutnya saat ia menulis sebagian risalah ini, ia mengutuk mereka dan meminta agar mereka ditindas.[1]

Dalam risalah tersebut, ia meminta agar sinagoga-sinagoga dan sekolah-sekolah Yahudi dibakar, buku-buku doa mereka dihancurkan, rabbi-rabbi dilarang berceramah, rumah-rumah dibakar, dan properti dan uangnya dirampas. Mereka harus tak menunjukkan sikap cinta kasih atau kekerabatan,[2] tidak memberikan perlindungan hukum,[3] dan "ulat-ulat beracun tersebut" harus dijadikan buruh paksa atau diusir sepanjang masa.[4] Ia juga dipandang mendorong pembunuhan mereka, dengan berkata "Kami tak segan untuk menjagal mereka".[5]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Luther, Martin", JewishEncyclopedia.com. See also the note supra referring to Robert Michael.
  2. ^ Michael, Robert. "Luther, Luther Scholars, and the Jews," Encounter 46:4, (Autumn 1985), p. 342.
  3. ^ Michael, Robert. "Luther, Luther Scholars, and the Jews," Encounter 46:4, (Autumn 1985), p. 343.
  4. ^ Luther, Martin. On the Jews and Their Lies, Luthers Werke. 47:268–271; Trans. Martin H. Bertram, in Luther's Works. (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971).
  5. ^ Luther, Martin. On the Jews and Their Lies, cited in Michael, Robert. "Luther, Luther Scholars, and the Jews," Encounter 46 (Autumn 1985) No. 4:343–344.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bainton, Roland. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1978. ISBN 0-687-16894-5.
  • Brecht, Martin. Martin Luther, 3 vols. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1985-1993. ISBN 0-8006-0738-4, ISBN 0-8006-2463-7, ISBN 0-8006-2704-0.
  • Gavriel, Mardell J. The Anti-Semitism of Martin Luther: A Psychohistorical Exploration. Ph.D. diss., Chicago School of Professional Psychology, 1996.
  • Goldhagen, Daniel. Hitler's Willing Executioners. Vintage, 1997. ISBN 0-679-77268-5.
  • Halpérin, Jean, and Arne Sovik, eds. Luther, Lutheranism and the Jews: A Record of the Second Consultation between Representatives of The International Jewish Committee for Interreligious Consultation and the Lutheran World Federation Held in Stockholm, Sweden, 11–13 July 1983. Geneva: LWF, 1984.
  • Johnson, Paul. A History of the Jews. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1987. ISBN 0-06-091533-1.
  • Kaennel, Lucie. Luther était-il antisémite? (Luther: Was He an Antisemite?). Entrée Libre N° 38. Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1997. ISBN 2-8309-0869-4.
  • Kittelson, James M. Luther the Reformer: The Story of the Man and His Career. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1986. ISBN 0-8066-2240-7.
  • Luther, Martin. "The Jews and Their Lies". Los Angeles: Christian Nationalist Crusade, 1948.
  • Oberman, Heiko A. The Roots of Anti-Semitism in the Age of Renaissance and Reformation. James I. Porter, trans. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984. ISBN 0-8006-0709-0.
  • Rosenberg, Elliot, But Were They Good for the Jews? (New York: Birch Lane Press, 1997). ISBN 1-55972-436-6.
  • Roynesdal, Olaf. Martin Luther and the Jews. Ph.D. diss., Marquette University, 1986.
  • Rupp, Gordon. Martin Luther: Hitler's Cause or Cure? In Reply to Peter F. Wiener. London: Lutterworth Press, 1945.
  • Siemon-Netto, Uwe. The Fabricated Luther: the Rise and Fall of the Shirer Myth. Peter L. Berger, Foreword. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1995. ISBN 0-570-04800-1.
  • Siemon-Netto, Uwe. "Luther and the Jews". Lutheran Witness 123 (2004)No. 4:16-19. (PDF)
  • Steigmann-Gall, Richard. The Holy Reich: Nazi Conceptions of Christianity, 1919-1945. Cambridge University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-521-82371-4.
  • Tjernagel, Neelak S. Martin Luther and the Jewish People. Milwaukee: Northwestern Publishing House, 1985. ISBN 0-8100-0213-2.
  • Wallmann, Johannes. "The Reception of Luther's Writings on the Jews from the Reformation to the End of the 19th Century." Lutheran Quarterly 1 (Spring 1987) 1:72-97.
  • Wiener, Peter F. Martin Luther: Hitler's Spiritual Ancestor, Hutchinson & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1945;[1]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Topik antisemitisme