Tebing kaca

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Tebing kaca adalah fenomena wanita dalam peran kepemimpinan, seperti eksekutif dalam dunia perusahaan dan calon pemilu politik wanita, memiliki jumlah yang kurang ketimbang laki-laki yang mencapai peran kepemimpinan pada periode krisis atau penurunan, saat kemungkinan gagal menjadi sangat tinggi.[1][2]

Cikal bakal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Istilah tersebut dicetuskan pada 2004 oleh para profesor Inggris Michelle K. Ryan dan Alexander Haslam dari Universitas Exeter, Britania Raya.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Cooper, Marianne (September 22, 2015). "Why women are often put in charge of failing companies". PBS NewsHour. Diakses tanggal July 11, 2016. 
  2. ^ Susanne Bruckmüller and Nyla R. Branscombe, How Women End Up on the “Glass Cliff” Harvard Business Review, JANUARY–FEBRUARY 2011

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ryan, M. K. (2007-09-01). Managing Diversity and the Glass Cliff. Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. ISBN 978-1843981909. 
  • Ryan, M. K.; Schmitt, M. T.; Barreto, M. (2009). The Glass Ceiling in the 21st Century. American Psychological Association. ISBN 978-1-4338-0409-0. 
  • Ryan, M. K.; Haslam, S. A. (2005). "The Glass Cliff: Evidence that women are over-represented in precarious leadership positions". British Journal of Management. 16 (2): 81–90. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8551.2005.00433.x. 
  • Ryan, M. K.; Haslam, S. A. (2007). "The Glass Cliff: Exploring the dynamics surrounding the appointment of women precarious leadership positions". Academy of Management Review. 32 (2): 549–572. doi:10.5465/amr.2007.24351856. 
  • Haslam, S. A.; Ryan, M. K. (2008). "The road to the glass cliff: Differences in the perceived suitability of men and women for leadership positions in succeeding and failing organizations". Leadership Quarterly. 19 (5): 530–546. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2008.07.011. hdl:10871/8362. 
  • Bruckmüller, S.; Branscombe, N. R. (2010). "The glass cliff: When and why women are selected as leaders in crisis contexts". British Journal of Social Psychology. 49 (3): 433–451. doi:10.1348/014466609x466594. PMID 19691915. 
  • Brescoll, V. L.; Dawson, E.; Uhlmann, E. L. (2010). "Hard won and easily lost: The fragile status of leaders in gender-stereotype-incongruent occupations". Psychological Science. 21 (11): 1640–1642. doi:10.1177/0956797610384744. PMID 20876882. 
  • Ryan, M. K.; Haslam, S. A.; Kulich, C. (2010). "Politics and the glass cliff: Evidence that women are preferentially selected to contest hard-to-win seats". Psychology of Women Quarterly. 34: 56–64. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6402.2009.01541.x. 
  • Haslam, S. A.; Ryan, M. K.; Kulich, C.; Trojanowski, G.; Atkins, C. (2010). "Investing with prejudice: The relationship between women's presence on company boards and objective and subjective measures of company performance". British Journal of Management. 21: 484–497. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8551.2009.00670.x. 
  • Ryan, M. K.; Haslam, S. A.; Hersby, M. D.; Bongiorno, R. (2011). "Think crisis–think female: The glass cliff and contextual variation in the think manager–think male stereotype". Journal of Applied Psychology. 96 (3): 470–484. doi:10.1037/a0022133. PMID 21171729. 
  • Kulich, C.; Ryan, M. K.; Haslam, S. A. (2014). "The Political Glass Cliff: Understanding How Seat Selection Contributes to the Underperformance of Ethnic Minority Candidates". Political Research Quarterly. 67 (1): 84–95. doi:10.1177/1065912913495740. 
  • Cook, A.; Glass, C. (2014). "Women and Top Leadership Positions: Towards an Institutional Analysis". Gender, Work & Organization. 21 (1): 91–103. doi:10.1111/gwao.12018. 
  • Cook, A.; Glass, C. (2013). "Glass Cliffs and Organizational Saviors: Barriers to Minority Leadership in Work Organizations?". Social Problems. 60 (2): 168–187. doi:10.1525/sp.2013.11147 (tidak aktif 2019-08-20). 
  • Wilson-Kovacs, D.; Ryan, M. K.; Haslam, S. A.; Rabinovich, A. (2008). "'Just because you can get a wheelchair in the building doesn't necessarily mean that you can still participate': barriers to the career advancement of disabled professionals". Disability & Society. 23 (7): 705–717. doi:10.1080/09687590802469198.