Suku Evenk

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Suku Evenk
Эвэнкил
Evenk family in the early 1900s.jpg
Sebuah keluarga Evenk pada awal 1900an
Total populasi
69,856[1][2][3][4]
Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
 Rusia 38,396[1]
 China 30,875[2]
 Mongolia 537[5]
 Ukraina 48[6]
Bahasa
Evenki, Rusia, Tionghoa
Agama
Shamanisme, Kristen Ortodoks, Buddha Tibetan[7][8][9]
Kelompok etnis terkait
Even, Manchu, Oroqen, Oroch

Suku Evenk (juga disebut Ewenki atau Evenki) (otonim: Эвэнкил Evenkil; bahasa Rusia: Эвенки Evenki; Tionghoa: 鄂温克族 Èwēnkè Zú; dulunya dikenal sebagai Tungus atau Tunguz; bahasa Mongolia: Хамниган Khamnigan) adalah sebuah suku bangsa Tungusik dari Asia Utara. Di Rusia, suku Evenk dianggap sebagai salah satu suku asli Rusia Utara, dengan populasi 38,396 (sensus tahun 2010). Di China, suku Evenki membentuk salah satu dari 56 kelompok etnis yang resmi diakui oleh Republik Rakyat China, dengan populasi 30,875 (sensus 2010).[2] Terdapat 537 orang Evenk, yang disebut Khamnigan dalam bahasa Mongolia, di Mongolia (sensus 2015).[10]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Ethnic groups in Russia, 2010 census, Rosstat. Retrieved 15 February 2012 (Rusia)
  2. ^ a b c "Evenk Archives - Intercontinental Cry". Intercontinental Cry (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal 2017-06-30. 
  3. ^ "2015 POPULATION AND HOUSING BY-CENSUS OF MONGOLIA: NATIONAL REPORT". National Statistics Office of Mongolia. 20 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 17 December 2011. Diakses tanggal 17 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "2015 POPULATION AND HOUSING BY-CENSUS OF MONGOLIA: NATIONAL REPORT". National Statistics Office of Mongolia. 20 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 17 December 2011. Diakses tanggal 17 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Ewenki, Solon — Asia Harvest
  8. ^ Ewenki, Tungus — Asia Harvest
  9. ^ Шубин А. Ц. Краткий очерк этнической истории эвенков Забайкалья (XVIII-XX век). Улан-Удэ: Бурят. кн. изд-во, 1973. С. 64, 65 (Rusia)
  10. ^ "2015 POPULATION AND HOUSING BY-CENSUS OF MONGOLIA: NATIONAL REPORT". National Statistics Office of Mongolia. 20 February 2017. 
  • D. O. Chaoke (an Evenk), WANG Lizhen (2002). 鄂温克族宗教信仰与文化 (Zipped NLC (Modified JBIG)). Beijing: 中央民族大学. ISBN 978-7-81056-700-8. 
  • "Altaic." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2009. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.
  • Anderson, David G. "Is Siberian Reindeer Herding in Crisis? Living with Reindeer Fifteen Yearss after the End of State Socialism." Nomadic Peoples NS 10.2 (2006): 87-103. EBSCO. Web. 6 Nov. 2009.
  • Bulatova, Nadezhda, and Lenore Grenoble. Evenki. Munchen: LINCOM Europa, 1999. Print. Languages of the World.
  • "Evenki." Cassell's Peoples, Nations, and Cultures. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2005. EBSCO. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.
  • "Evenki." Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth Edition. Ed. Paul M. Lewis. SIL International, 2009. Web. 8 Dec. 2009.<http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=evn>.
  • Fondahl, Gail. Gaining ground? Evenkis, land and reform in southeastern Siberia. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998. Print.
  • Forsyth, James. History of the Peoples of Siberia: Russia's North Asian Colony, 1581-1990. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1992. Print.
  • Georg, Stefan, Peter A. Michalove, Alexis M. Ramer, and Paul J. Sidwell. "Telling general linguists about Altaic." Journal of Linguistics 35.1 (1999): 65-98. JSTOR. Web. 8 Dec. 2009.
  • Hallen, Cynthia L. "A Brief Exploration of the Altaic Hypothesis." Department of Linguistics. Brigham Young University, 6 Sept. 1999. Web. 8 Dec. 2009.<http://linguistics.byu.edu/classes/ling450ch/reports/altaic.htm>.
  • Janhunen, Juha. "Evenki." Interactive Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger. Ed. Christopher Moseley. UNESCO Culture Sector, 31 Mar. 2009. Web. 8 Dec. 2009.<https://web.archive.org/web/20090222090430/http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?pg=00206>.
  • Nedjalkov, Igor. Evenki. London: Routledge, 1997. Print. Descriptive Grammars.
  • Sirina, Anna A. "People Who Feel the Land: The Ecological Ethic of the Evenki and Eveny." Trans. James E. Walker. Anthropology & Archaeology of Eurasia 3rd ser. 47.Winter 2008-9 (2009): 9-37. EBSCOHost. Web. 27 Nov. 2009.
  • Vasilevich, G. M., and A. V. Smolyak. "Evenki." The Peoples of Siberia. Ed. Stephen Dunn. Trans. Scripta Technica, Inc. Chicago: The University of Chicago, 1964. 620-54. Print.
  • Vitebsky, Piers. Reindeer people: Living with Animals and Spirits in Siberia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005. Print.
  • Wood, Alan, and R. A. French, eds. Development of Siberia: People and Resources. New York: St. Martin's, 1989. Print.

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