Suku Badui (Arab)

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Badui
Bedouin family-Wahiba Sands.jpg
Sebuah keluarga Badui di Oman
Total populasi
21,250,700[1]
Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
 Sudan 10,199,000[butuh rujukan]
 Aljazair 230,000[2]-2,257,000 ±[butuh rujukan]
 Arab Saudi 467,000 (2013)[butuh rujukan]
 Irak 1,437,000[butuh rujukan]
 Yordania 380,000 (2007)[3]
 Libya 916,000[butuh rujukan]
 Mesir 902,000 (2007)[butuh rujukan][4]
 Uni Emirat Arab 763,000[butuh rujukan]
 Suriah 620,000 (2013)[5][6]
 Yaman 457,000[butuh rujukan]
 Kuwait 290,000[butuh rujukan]
 Tunisia 177,000[butuh rujukan]
 Maroko 144,000[butuh rujukan]
 Israel 250,000 (2012)[7]
 Mauritania 54,000[butuh rujukan]
 Bahrain 50,000[butuh rujukan]
 Lebanon 47,000[butuh rujukan]
 Qatar 39,000[butuh rujukan]
 Palestina 30,000[8]
 Oman 28,000[butuh rujukan]
 Sahara Barat 13,300[butuh rujukan]
 Ethiopia 2,000 (2004)[butuh rujukan][4]
Bahasa
Dialek Arab:  BadawiHejaziNajdiHassāniyya
Agama
SunniSyi'ah
Kelompok etnis terkait
Arab

Suku Badui atau Badawi (بدوي) atau Bedouin (/ˈbɛdʉ.ɪn/) adalah sebuah suku pengembara yang ada di Jazirah Arab. Sebagaimana suku-suku pengembara lainnya, suku Badui berpindah dari satu tempat ke tempat lain sembari menggembalakan kambing.

Suku Badui merupakan salah satu dari suku asli di Arab. Perawakan suku Badui yang khas menyebabkan suku ini dapat langsung dikenali. Perawakannya sebagaimana ditulis dalam buku-buku sejarah Arab: suku ini berperawakan tinggi, dengan hidung mancung. Lain halnya dengan suku pendatang yang ada di Arab, suku Badui tetap mempertahankan budaya dan cara hidup mengembara.

Istilah sebutan yang mengacu untuk Orang Kanekes sebagai Baduy berasal dari nama ini.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Elizabeth Losleben (2003). The Bedouin of the Middle East. Lerner Publications. pp. 4–5. ISBN 978-0-8225-0663-8. Diakses tanggal 1 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Algeria-Watch. "Selon le dernier recensement: L'Algérie compte 34,8 millions d'habitants". Diakses tanggal 19 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Social characteristics for Badia - The Hashemite Fund for Development of Jordan Badia". Diakses tanggal 8 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Bedouins in migration". Diakses tanggal 19 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Saudi Arabia to aid Jordan with Syrian refugees". The Jerusalem Post. Diakses tanggal 19 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "KSA sets up 5,000 tents for Syrian refugees". Diakses tanggal 19 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Despite hardships, some Bedouins still feel obligation to serve Israel". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2012-08-20. Diakses tanggal 19 October 2015. 
  8. ^ Hugh Naylor. "Israel plans to move West Bank Bedouin". Diakses tanggal 19 October 2015. 

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Asher, Michael Last of the Bedu Penguin Books 1996
  • Brous, Devorah. "The 'Uprooting:' Education Void of Indigenous 'Location-Specific' Knowledge, Among Negev Bedouin Arabs in Southern Israel". International Perspectives on Indigenous Education. (Ben Gurion University 2004)
  • Chatty, D Mobile Pastoralists 1996. Broad introduction to the topic, specific focus on women's issues.
  • Chatty, Dawn. From Camel to Truck. The Bedouin in the Modern World. New York: Vantage Press. 1986
  • Cole, Donald P. "Where have the Bedouin gone?" Anthropological Quarterly. Washington: Spring 2003.Vol.76, Iss. 2; pg. 235
  • Falah, Ghazi. "Israeli State Policy Towards Bedouin Sedentarization in the Negev", Journal of Palestine Studies, 1989 Vol. XVIII, No. 2, pp. 71–91
  • Falah, Ghazi. "The Spatial Pattern of Bedouin Sedentarization in Israel", GeoJournal, 1985 Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 361–368.
  • Gardner, Andrew. "The Political Ecology of Bedouin Nomadism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". In Political Ecology Across Spaces, Scales and Social Groups, Lisa Gezon and Susan Paulson, eds. Rutgers: Rutgers University Press.
  • Gardner, Andrew. "The New Calculus of Bedouin Pastoral Nomadism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". Human Organization 62 (3): 267–276.
  • Gardner, Andrew and Timothy Finan. "Navigating Modernization: Bedouin Pastoralism and Climate Information in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". MIT Electronic Journal of Middle East Studies 4 (Spring): 59–72.
  • Gardner, Ann. "At Home in South Sinai." Nomadic Peoples 2000.Vol.4,Iss. 2; pp. 48–67. Detailed account of Bedouin women.
  • Jarvis, Claude Scudamore. Yesterday and To-day in Sinai. Edinburgh/London: W. Blackwood & Sons; Three Deserts. London: John Murray, 1936; Desert and Delta. London: John Murray, 1938. Sympathetic accounts by a colonial administrator in Sinai.
  • Lancaster, William. The Rwala Bedouin Today 1981 (Second Edition 1997). Detailed examination of social structures.
  • S. Leder/B. Streck (ed.): Shifts and Drifts in Nomad-Sedentary Relations. Nomaden und Sesshafte 2 (Wiesbaden 2005)
  • Lithwick, Harvey. "An Urban Development Strategy for the Negev's Bedouin Community". Center for Bedouin Studies and Development and Negev Center for Regional Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, August 2000
  • Mohsen, Safia K. The quest for order among Awlad Ali of the Western Desert of Egypt.
  • Thesiger, Wilfred (1959). Arabian Sands. ISBN 0-14-009514-4 (Penguin paperback). British adventurer lives as and with the Bedu of the Empty Quarter for 5 years