Shams Tabrizi

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Shams-e-Tabrīzī
Khoy - Shams Tabrizi's tomb 8 - Information in page 1 - panoramio.jpg
Patung dada Shams Tabrizi di Khoy, Iran
Lahir1185
Tabriz, Iran
Meninggal12481185; umur -64–-63 tahun
Khoy, Iran
MakamKhoy, Iran
PekerjaanPenenun, Penyair, Filsuf, Guru,

Shams Tabrizi (bahasa Persia: شمس تبریزی) atau Shams al-Din Muhammad (1185-1248) adalah seorang penyair Persia[1] yang dianggap sebagai guru spiritual Jalaluddin Rumi dan dirujuk dengan penuh penghormatan dalam karya-karya puitis Rumi, khususnya Diwan-i Shams-i Tabrīzī (Karya Syams Tabriz). Tradisi menyatakan bahwa Syams mengajar Rumi dalam pengasingan di Konya selama empat puluh hari, sebelum melarikan diri ke Damaskus. Makam Shams-i Tabrīzī baru-baru ini dinominasikan sebagai Situs Warisan Dunia UNESCO.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^
    • Murtaz̤avī, pizhūhish va nigārish-i Manūchihr (2004). Zabān-i dīrīn-i Āz̲arbāyijān (edisi ke-Chāp-i 2.). Tihrān: Bunyād-i Mawqūfāt-i Duktur Maḥmūd Afshār. hlm. 49. ISBN 964-6053-61-0. 
    • Jones-Williams, transl. from the French by J. (1968). Pre-Ottoman Turkey : a general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history c. 1071-1330 (edisi ke-1. publ.). London: Sidgwick & Jackson. hlm. 258. ISBN 9780283352546. He may also have met the great Persian mystic Shams al-Din Tabrizi there, but it was only later that the full influence of this latter was to be exerted on him. 
    • Jenkins, Everett (1998). The diaspora : a comprehensive reference to the spread of Islam in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas, Vol 1Perlu mendaftar (gratis). Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. hlm. 212. ISBN 978-0-7864-0431-5. The Persian mystic Shams al-Din Tabrizi arrived in Konya (Asia Minor) 
    • Arakelova, Victoria; A. Doostzadeh; S. Lornejad (2012). On the modern politicization of the Persian poet Nezami Ganjavi. Yerevan: Caucasian Centre for Iranian Studies. hlm. 162. ISBN 978-99930-69-74-4. In a poem from Rumi, the word buri is mentioned from the mouth of Shams Tabrizi by Rumi. Rumi translates the word in standard Persian as biyā (the imperative “come”). This word is also a native word of the Tabrizi Iranian dialect which is mentioned by Persian Sufi, Hafez Karbalaie in his work Rawdat al-Jenān. In the poem of Baba Taher, the word has come down as bura (come) and in the NW Iranian Tati dialects (also called Azari but should not be confused with the Turkish language of the same name) of Azerbaijan, in Harzandi Tati it is biri and in Karingani Tati it is bura (Kiya 1976). Shams Tabrizi was an Iranian Shafi’ite like the bulk of the Iranian population of Azerbaijan during the pre-Mongol and post-Mongol era. 

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Browne, E.G. A Literary History of Persia. Cambridge: University Press, 1929.
  • Tabrizi, Shams-i. Me & Rumi: The Autobiography of Shams-i Tabrīzīi, edited by William C. Chittick. Louisville: Fons Vitae, 2004.
  • Maleki, Farida. Shams-e Tabrizi: Rumi's Perfect Teacher. New Delhi: Science of the Soul Research Centre, 2011. ISBN 978-93-8007-717-8
  • Rypka, Jan. History of Iranian Literature, edited by Karl Jahn. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1968.

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