Sejarah Kemunduran dan Kejatuhan Kekaisaran Romawi

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Sejarah Kemunduran dan Kejatuhan Kekaisaran Romawi
Pengarang Edward Gibbon
Negara Inggris
Bahasa Inggris
Subjek Sejarah Kekaisaran Romawi
Penerbit Strahan & Cadell, London
Tanggal rilis 1776–89
Jenis media Cetak
Klasifikasi LC DG311
Edward Gibbon (1737–1794).

Sejarah Kemunduran dan Kejatuhan Kekaisaran Romawi[1] adalah sebuah buku sejarah yang ditulis oleh sejarawan Inggris Edward Gibbon, yang membahas sipilisasi Barat (serta penaklukan Islamis dan Mongolia) dari puncak Kekaisaran Romawi sampai kejatuhan Bizantium. Buku tersebut diterbitkan dalam enam volume. Volume I diterbitkan pada 1776 dan dicetak ulang enam kali.[2] Volume II dan III diterbitkan pada 1781;[3][4] volume IV, V, dan VI pada 1788–89.[5][6][7] Volume-volume aslinya diterbutkan dalam bentuk kuarto, sebuah praktik penerbitan umum pada masa tersebut. Karya tersebut menyoroti sejarah, dari 98 sampai 1590, dari Kekaisaran Romawi, sejarah gereja perdana dan kemudian Gereja Negara Romawi, dan sejarah Eropa, dan mendiskusikan kehancuran Kekaisaran Romawi di timur dan Barat. Karena obyektivitas relatifnya dan sangat menggunakan sumber-sumber primer, yang tak lazim pada waktu itu, metodologinya menjadi sebuah model untuk sejarawan-sejarawan berikutnya. Karya tersebut membuat Gibbon disebut "sejarawan Romawi kuno modern" pertama.[8]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ sometimes shortened to Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  2. ^ Edward Gibbon (1776). The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. I. W. Strahan and T. Cadell. 
  3. ^ Edward Gibbon (1781). The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. II. 
  4. ^ Edward Gibbon (1781). The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. III. 
  5. ^ Edward Gibbon (1788). The History Of The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire. IV. Strahan and Cadell. 
  6. ^ Edward Gibbon (1788). The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. V. W. Strahan and T. Cadell. 
  7. ^ Edward Gibbon (1788). The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. VI. 
  8. ^ David S. Potter (2006-05-22). A Companion to the Roman Empire. Wiley. hlm. 100. ISBN 978-0-631-22644-4. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brownley, Martine W. "Appearance and Reality in Gibbon's History," Journal of the History of Ideas 38,4 (1977), 651–666.
  • Brownley, Martine W. "Gibbon's Artistic and Historical Scope in the Decline and Fall," Journal of the History of Ideas 42,4(1981), 629–642.
  • Cosgrove, Peter. Impartial Stranger: History and Intertextuality in Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (Newark: Associated University Presses, 1999); ISBN 0-87413-658-X.
  • Craddock, Patricia. "Historical Discovery and Literary Invention in Gibbon's 'Decline and Fall'," Modern Philology 85,4(May 1988), 569–587.
  • Drake, H.A., "Lambs into Lions: explaining early Christian intolerance," Past and Present 153(1996), 3–36. Oxford Journals
  • Furet, Francois. "Civilization and Barbarism in Gibbon's History," Daedalus 105,3(1976), 209–216.
  • Gay, Peter. Style in History (New York: Basic Books, 1974); ISBN 0-465-08304-8.
  • Ghosh, Peter R. "Gibbon's Dark Ages: Some Remarks on the Genesis of the Decline and Fall," Journal of Roman Studies 73(1983), 1–23.
  • Homer-Dixon, Thomas "The Upside of Down: Catastrophe, Creativity and the Renewal of Civilization", 2007 ISBN 978-0-676-97723-3, Chapter 3 pp. 57–60
  • Kelly, Christopher. "A Grand Tour: Reading Gibbon's 'Decline and Fall'," Greece & Rome 2nd ser., 44,1 (Apr. 1997), 39–58.
  • Momigliano, Arnaldo. "Eighteenth-Century Prelude to Mr. Gibbon," in Pierre Ducrey et al., eds., Gibbon et Rome à la lumière de l'historiographie moderne (Geneva: Librairie Droz, 1977).
  • Momigliano, Arnaldo. "Gibbon from an Italian Point of View," in G.W. Bowersock et al., eds., Edward Gibbon and the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1977).
  • Momigliano, Arnaldo. "Declines and Falls," American Scholar 49(Winter 1979), 37–51.
  • Momigliano, Arnaldo. "After Gibbon's Decline and Fall," in Kurt Weitzmann, ed. Age of Spirituality : a symposium (Princeton: 1980); ISBN 0-89142-039-8.
  • Pocock, J.G.A. Barbarism and Religion, 4 vols. all Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • Roberts, Charlotte Edward Gibbon and the Shape of History. 2014 Oxford University Press 9780198704836
  • Trevor-Roper, H.R. "Gibbon and the Publication of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776–1976," Journal of Law and Economics 19,3 (Oct. 1976), 489–505.
  • Womersley, David. The Transformation of 'The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire' (Cambridge: 1988).
  • Womersley, David, ed. Religious Scepticism: Contemporary Responses to Gibbon (Bristol, England: Thoemmes Press, 1997).
  • Wootton, David. "Narrative, Irony, and Faith in Gibbon's Decline and Fall," History and Theory 33,4 (Dec., 1994), 77–105.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]