Sans-culottes

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Sans-culotte karya Louis-Léopold Boilly (1761–1845).

Sans-culottes (bahasa Prancis: [sɑ̃kylɔt]) adalah masyarakat umum dari kelas bawah di Prancis pada akhir abad ke-18. Sebagian besar orang diantaranya menjadi partisan radikal dan militan pada Revolusi Prancis dalam menghadapi kualitas hidup mereka yang rendah di bawah Ancien Régime.[1]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Sansculotte. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 08 Mar. 2011.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Andrews, Richard Mowery. "Social Structures, Political Elites and Ideology in Revolutionary Paris, 1792–94: A Critical Evaluation of Albert Soboul's' Les sans-culottes parisiens en l'an II'," Journal of Social History (1985) 19#1 pp. 71–112. in JSTOR
  • Furet, François and Mona Ozouf, eds. A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution (1989), pp. 393–99
  • Sonenscher, Michael. Sans-Culottes: An Eighteenth-Century Emblem in the French Revolution (Princeton University Press, 2008). Pp. 493.
  • Woloch, Isser, and Peter McPhee. "A Revolution in Political Culture" in McPhee, ed., A Companion to the French Revolution (2012) pp. 435–453
  • Palmer, Robert Roswell (1958), Twelve Who Ruled.
  • Salmon, Jean (1975), Curés Sans-culottes En Province: 1789-1814. Langres: Diffusion Museé Saint-Didier.
  • Williams, Gwyn A (1969), Artisans and Sans-culottes: Popular Movements in France and Britain during the French Revolution. Foundations of Modern History. New York: Norton.