Republikanisme di Amerika Serikat

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Templat:Republikanisme sidebar Republikanisme adalah filsafat politik paduan di Amerika Serikat. Ini telah menjadi bagian utama dari pemikiran sipil Amerika sejak pendiriannya.[1] Ini menekankan kebebasan dan hak individual tanpa pandang bulu sebagai nilai-nilai utama, membuat kedaulatan rakyat secara keseluruhan, menolak monarki, aristokrasi dan kekuasaan politik warisan, sehingga para warga negara menjadi merdeka dalam penampilan mereka terhadap tugas-tugas sipil, dan menunjukkan korupsi.[2] Republikanisme Amerika didirikan dan mula-mula diterapkan oleh Bapak-Bapak Pendiri pada abad ke-18. Bagi mereka, menurut satu tim sejarawan, "republikanisme lebih mewakili ketimbang sebagian besar bentuk pemerintahan. Ini adalah cara hidup, ideologi inti, komitmen kebebasan tanpa kompromi, dan penyangkalan bulat terhadap aristokrasi."[3]

Republikanisme berdasarkan pada gagasan-gagasan dan model-model Yunani-Romawi kuno, Renaisans, dan Inggris .[4] Ini membentuk dasar dari Revolusi Amerika, Deklarasi Kemerdekaan Amerika Serikat|Deklarasi Kemerdekaan]] (1776), Konstitusi (1787), Undang-Undang Hak Asasi, serta Gettysburg Address (1863).[5]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Robert E. Shalhope, "Toward a Republican Synthesis: The Emergence of an Understanding of Republicanism in American Historiography," William and Mary Quarterly, 29 (January 1972), pp. 49–80
  2. ^ Richard Buel, Securing the Revolution: Ideology in American Politics, 1789–1815 (1972)
  3. ^ Robert A. Divine, T. H. Breen, et al. The American Story (3rd ed. 2007) p. 147
  4. ^ Becker et al (2002), ch 1
  5. ^ Wood, Gordon S. (1991). The Radicalism of the American Revolution (1st Vintage Books ed.). New York, NY: Vintage Books. ISBN 0679736883. Diakses tanggal 4 December 2012. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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