Reaksi Thermidorian

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Le IX thermidor an II karya Charles Monnet.

Reaksi Thermidorian adalah sebuah kontra revolusi yang terjadi di Prancis pada 9 Thermidor Tahun II (27 Juli 1794). Pada hari itu, politikus Prancis Maximilien Robespierre dikecam oleh para anggota Konvensi Nasional sebagai "tiran", yang berujung pada penangkapan Robespierre dan dua puluh satu rekannya termasuk Louis Antoine de Saint-Just pada malam itu dan dipenggal pada keesokan harinya.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bienvenu, Richard, ed. The Ninth of Thermidor: The Fall of Robespierre (Oxford University Press, 1968).
  • Brown, Howard G. "Robespierre's Tail: The Possibilities of Justice after the Terror." Canadian Journal of History (2010) 45#3 online.
  • Cobban, Alfred. "The Fundamental Ideas of Robespierre," English Historical Review Vol. 63, No. 246 (January 1948), pp. 29–51 JSTOR.
  • Cobban, Alfred. "The Political Ideas of Maximilien Robespierre during the Period of the Convention," English Historical Review Vol. 61, No. 239 (January 1946), pp. 45–80 in JSTOR.
  • Durant Will and Ariel Durant. The Age of Napoleon, New York:Simon & Schuster (1975) outdated popular history.
  • Hibbert, Christopher Paris in the Terror New York: Dorset Press (1981).
  • Linton, Marisa. "Robespierre and the Terror", History Today, August 2006, Volume 56, Issue 8, pp. 23–29 online.
  • Linton, Marisa, Choosing Terror: Virtue, Friendship and Authenticity in the French Revolution (Oxford University Press, 2013).
  • McPhee, Peter (2012). Robespierre: A Revolutionary Life. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300118117.  Scholarly biography.
  • Neely, Sylvia. A Concise History of the French Revolution (2008).
  • Palmer, R. R. (1941). Twelve Who Ruled: The Year of Terror in the French Revolution. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-05119-2.  A study of the Committee of Public Safety.
  • Rudé, George (1976). Robespierre: Portrait of a Revolutionary Democrat. New York: Viking Press. ISBN 978-0-670-60128-8.  A Marxist political portrait of Robespierre, examining his changing image among historians and the different aspects of Robespierre as an ideologue, as a political democrat, as a social democrat, as a practitioner of revolution, as a politician and as a popular leader/leader of revolution. It also touches on his legacy for the future revolutionary leaders Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong.
  • Schama, Simon (1989). Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-394-55948-3.  A revisionist account.
  • Scurr, Ruth. Fatal Purity: Robespierre and the French Revolution. London: Metropolitan Books, 2006 (ISBN 0-8050-7987-4).
  • Shulim, Joseph I. "Robespierre and the French Revolution," American Historical Review (1977) 82#1 pp. 20–38 in JSTOR.
  • Soboul, Albert. "Robespierre and the Popular Movement of 1793–4", Past and Present, No 5. (May 1954), pp. 54–70. in JSTOR.
  • Sutherland, D.M.G. The French Revolution and Empire: The Quest for a Civic Order (2003).
  • Thompson, James M. (1988). Robespierre. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 978-0-631-15504-1.  Traditional biography with extensive and reliable research.

Dakam bahasa Prancis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bouloiseau Marc, La republique Jacobin (10 août 1792 – 9 thermidor an II). Paris. (1972).
  • Brunel Françoise, Thermidor, la chute de Robespierre, Ed. Complexe (1989).
  • Domecq Jean Philippe, Robespierre, derniers temps, Seuil (1984).
  • Frère Jean-Claude, Robespierre, la victoire ou la mort, Flammarion (1983).
  • Madelin Louis, Fouché, de la Révolution à l'Empire, tome 1, Nouveau Monde Editions, Reedition (2002).
  • Mathiez Albert, Autour de Robespierre, Payot.
  • Mathiez Albert, Robespierre terroriste, (1921).
  • Mathiez Albert, Etudes sur Robespierre, S.E.R. (1927).
  • Robespierre Maximilien, Discours et rapports à la Convention, Ed. 10/18 (1965).
  • Robespierre Maximilien, Textes choisis, Ed. Sociales (1973).
  • Sollet Bertrand, Robespierre, Messidor (1988).