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Psidium

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Psidium
Psidium guajava
Klasifikasi ilmiah
Kerajaan:
Klad: Tracheophyta
Klad: Angiospermae
Klad: Eudikotil
Klad: Rosid
Ordo:
Famili:
Genus:
Psidium

Spesies

Lihat teks

Sinonim[2]
  • Calyptropsidium O.Berg
  • Corynemyrtus (Kiaersk.) Mattos
  • Cuiavus Trew
  • Episyzygium Suess. & A.Ludw.
  • Guajava Mill.
  • Guayaba Noronha
  • Mitropsidium Burret

Psidium adalah sebuah genus tumbuhan yang berupa pohon dan semak dalam keluarga Myrtaceae. Genus tumbuhan ini berasal dari bagian belahan bumi Barat yang lebih hangat (Meksiko, Amerika Tengah dan Selatan, Hindia Barat, dan kepulauan Galápagos)[3].

Taksonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Genus ini telah dideskripsikan pertama kali oleh Carl Linnaeus pada tahun 1753[4][5]. Banyak dari spesiesnya yang dibudidayakan secara komersial.[6] Spesiesnya yang paling populer yaitu Jambu biji (Psidium guajava ).

Daftar Spesies[7]
  1. Psidium acidum
  2. Psidium acranthum
  3. Psidium acunae
  4. Psidium acutangulum
  5. Psidium albescens
  6. Psidium amplexicaule
  7. Psidium apiculatum
  8. Psidium appendiculatum
  9. Psidium araucanum
  10. Psidium arboreum
  11. Psidium australe
  12. Psidium bahianum
  13. Psidium balium
  14. Psidium brevifolium
  15. Psidium brownianum
  16. Psidium calyptranthoides
  17. Psidium canum
  18. Psidium cattleianum
  19. Psidium cauliflorum
  20. Psidium celastroides
  21. Psidium claraense
  22. Psidium cymosum
  23. Psidium densicomum
  24. Psidium dictyophyllum
  25. Psidium donianum
  26. Psidium dumetorum (punah)
  27. Psidium eugenii
  28. Psidium firmum
  29. Psidium friedrichsthalianum
  30. Psidium fulvum
  31. Psidium galapageium
  32. Psidium ganevii
  33. Psidium giganteum
  34. Psidium glaziovianum
  35. Psidium globosum
  36. Psidium grandifolium
  37. Psidium guajava[8]Jambu Biji
  38. Psidium guineense
  39. Psidium guyanense
  40. Psidium haitiense
  41. Psidium harrisianum
  42. Psidium × hasslerianum
  43. Psidium hotteanum
  44. Psidium huanucoense
  45. Psidium inaequilaterum
  46. Psidium itanareense
  47. Psidium jacquinianum
  48. Psidium jakucsianum
  49. Psidium kennedyanum
  50. Psidium langsdorffii
  51. Psidium laruotteanum
  52. Psidium longipetiolatum
  53. Psidium lourteigiae
  54. Psidium loustalotii
  55. Psidium maribense
  56. Psidium minutifolium
  57. Psidium misionum
  58. Psidium montanum
  59. Psidium munizianum
  60. Psidium myrsinites
  61. Psidium myrtoides
  62. Psidium nannophyllum
  63. Psidium navasense
  64. Psidium nummularia
  65. Psidium nutans
  66. Psidium oblongatum
  67. Psidium oblongifolium
  68. Psidium oligospermum
  69. Psidium oncocalyx
  70. Psidium orbifolium
  71. Psidium ovale
  72. Psidium parvifolium
  73. Psidium pedicellatum
  74. Psidium pigmeum
  75. Psidium raimondii
  76. Psidium ramboanum
  77. Psidium ratterianum
  78. Psidium refractum
  79. Psidium reptans
  80. Psidium reversum
  81. Psidium rhombeum
  82. Psidium riparium
  83. Psidium robustum
  84. Psidium rostratum
  85. Psidium rotundatum
  86. Psidium rufum
  87. Psidium rutidocarpum
  88. Psidium salutare
  89. Psidium sartorianum
  90. Psidium schenckianum
  91. Psidium scopulorum
  92. Psidium sessilifolium
  93. Psidium sintenisii
  94. Psidium sorocabense
  95. Psidium striatulum
  96. Psidium tenuirame
  97. Psidium trilobum Massif du Nord in Haiti

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Genus: Psidium L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-27. Diakses tanggal 2010-03-03. 
  2. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". 
  3. ^
    • Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2009. Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae. 4(1): i–xvi, 1–855. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Landrum, L. R. & M. L. Kawasaki. 1997. The genera of Myrtaceae in Brazil: an illustrated synoptic treatment and identification keys. Brittonia 49(4): 508–536.
    • Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. 1989. Flora de Nicaragua: Myrtaceae. Brenesia 31: 53–73.
    • Sánchez-Vindas, P. E. 2001. Calycolpus, Eugenia, Myrcia, Myrcianthes, Myrciaria, Pimenta, Plinia, Psidium, Syzygium, Ugni. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. Pool & O.M. Montiel (eds.), Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85(2): 1566, 1570–1574, 1575–1580.
    • Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, genus Psidium
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 470 in Latin
  5. ^ Tropicos, Psidium L.
  6. ^ Jules Janick, Robert E. Paull, ed. (2008). The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts (edisi ke-illustrated). CABI. ISBN 9780851996387. 
  7. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  8. ^ Biota of North America 2013 county distribution map, Psidium guajava

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