Pertempuran New Orleans

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Pertempuran New Orleans
Bagian dari Perang tahun 1812
Edward pakenham.jpg
Kematian Pakenham pada Pertempuran New Orleans oleh F. O. C. Darley mengilustrasikan tewasnya Mayor Jenderal Britania Sir Edward Pakenham pada 8 Januari 1815.
Tanggal8 Januari 1815; 204 tahun lalu (1815-01-08)[1]
LokasiDekat New Orleans, Louisiana
Hasil Kemenangan Amerika[2]
Pihak terlibat
 Amerika Serikat
Choctaw Nation
 Britania Raya
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Amerika Serikat Bevert Mayor Jenderal Andrew Jackson Bendera Britania Raya Mayor Jenderal Sir Edward Pakenham 
Kekuatan
~ 5.700[2] ~ 8.000[2]
Korban
13 tewas,
30 terluka
19 hilang atau tertawan[2]
285 tewas,
1.265 terluka
484 hilang atau tertawan[2]

Pertempuran New Orleans adalah sebuah pertempuran yang terjadi pada hari Minggu, 8 Januari 1815,[1] antara Angkatan Darat Britania di bawah Mayor Jenderal Sir Edward Pakenham, dan Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat di bawah Brevet Mayor Jenderal Andrew Jackson.[2] Pertempuran ini terjadi sekitar 5 mil (8,0 kilometer) di selatan kota New Orleans,[3] dekat kota Chalmette, Louisiana saat ini, dan merupakan kemenangan Amerika.[2] Pertempuran ini secara efektif menandai berakhirnya Perang tahun 1812.[4]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Stoltz, Joseph F. III (2014). The Gulf Theater, 1813-1815 (PDF). The U.S. Army Campaigns of the War of 1812. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. hlm. 30–40. CMH Pub 74–7. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Battle of New Orleans Facts & Summary". American Battlefield Trust. Diakses tanggal July 8, 2018. 
  3. ^ "The Battle of New Orleans". National Geographic Society. Diakses tanggal July 10, 2018. 
  4. ^ "The Treaty of Ghent". National Park Service. Diakses tanggal July 10, 2018. 

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Arthur, Stanley Clisby (1915), The story of the Battle of New Orleans, New Orleans: Louisiana Historical Society, OCLC 493033588 
  • Borneman, Walter H. (2004), 1812: The War that forged a nation, New York: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-053112-6 
  • Brooks, Charles B. (1961), The Siege of New Orleans, Seattle: University of Washington Press, OCLC 425116 
  • Brown, Wilburt S (1969), The Amphibious Campaign for West Florida and Louisiana, 1814–1815, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, ISBN 0-8173-5100-0 
  • Chapman, Ron (2013). The Battle of New Orleans: "But For A Piece Of Wood". Pelican Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4836-9761-1. 
  • Cooper, John Spencer (1996) [1869], Rough Notes of Seven Campaigns in Portugal, Spain, France and America During the Years 1809–1815, Staplehurst: Spellmount, ISBN 1-873376-65-0 
  • Drez, Ronald J. (2014). The War of 1812, conflict and deception: the British attempt to seize New Orleans and nullify the Louisiana Purchase. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 362 pages, ISBN 978-0-8071-5931-6.
  • Forrest, Charles Ramus (1961), The Battle of New Orleans: a British view; the journal of Major C.R. Forrest; Asst. QM General, 34th. Regiment of Foot, New Orleans: Hauser Press, OCLC 1253280 
  • Fraser, Edward, & L. G. Carr-Laughton (1930). The Royal Marine Artillery 1804–1923, Volume 1 [1804–1859]. London: The Royal United Services Institution. OCLC 4986867
  • Gleig, George Robert (1827), The Campaigns of the British Army at Washington and New Orleans, 1814–1815, London: J. Murray, ISBN 0-665-45385-X 
  • Groom, Winston. Patriotic Fire: Andrew Jackson and Jean Laffite at the Battle of New Orleans. New York: Vintage Books, 2006. ISBN 1-40004-436-7
  • Hickey, Donald R. Glorious Victory: Andrew Jackson and the Battle of New Orleans (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015). xii, 154 pp.
  • James, William (1818), A full and correct account of the military occurrences of the late war between Great Britain and the United States of America; with an appendix, and plates. Volume II, London: Printed for the author and distributed by Black et al., ISBN 0-665-35743-5, OCLC 2226903 
  • Lambert, Andrew (2012), The Challenge: Britain Against America in the Naval War of 1812, London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 0-571-27319-X 
  • Latour, Arsène Lacarrière (1999) [1816], Historical Memoir of the War in West Florida and Louisiana in 1814–15, with an Atlas, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, ISBN 0-8130-1675-4, OCLC 40119875 
  • Maass, Alfred R (1994), "Brownsville's steamboat Enterprize and Pittsburgh's supply of general Jackson's army", Pittsburgh History, 77: 22–29, ISSN 1069-4706 
  • Caffrey, Kate (1977), The Twilight's Last Gleaming, New York: Stein and Day, ISBN 0-8128-1920-9 
  • Owsley, Frank (1981), Struggle for the Gulf borderlands: the Creek War and the battle of New Orleans 1812–1815, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, ISBN 0-8173-1062-2 
  • Patterson, Benton Rains (2008), The Generals, Andrew Jackson, Sir Edward Pakenham, and the road to New Orleans, New York: New York University Press, ISBN 0-8147-6717-6 
  • Pickles, Tim (1993), New Orleans 1815, Osprey Campaign Series, 28, Osprey Publishing, ISBN 1-84176-150-8, OCLC 52914335 .
  • Porter, Maj Gen Whitworth (1889). History of the Corps of Royal Engineers Vol I. Chatham: The Institution of Royal Engineers. 
  • Quimby, Robert S. (1997), The U.S. Army in the War of 1812: an operational and command study, East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, ISBN 0-87013-441-8 
  • Reilly, Robin (1974), The British at the gates – the New Orleans campaign in the War of 1812, New York: Putnam, OCLC 839952 
  • Remini, Robert V. (1977), Andrew Jackson and the course of American empire, 1767–1821, New York: Harper & Row, ISBN 0-06-013574-3 
  • Remini, Robert V. (1999), The Battle of New Orleans, New York: Penguin Putnam, Inc., ISBN 0-670-88551-7 
  • Rowland, Eron (1971) [1926], Andrew Jackson's Campaign against the British, or, the Mississippi Territory in the War of 1812, concerning the Military Operations of the Americans, Creek Indians, British, and Spanish, 1813–1815, Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, ISBN 0-8369-5637-0 
  • Smith, Gene A. (2004), A British eyewitness at the Battle of New Orleans, the memoir of Royal Navy admiral Robert Aitchison, 1808–1827, New Orleans: The Historic New Orleans Collection, ISBN 0-917860-50-0 
  • Smith, Sir Harry "Various Anecdotes and Events of my Life – The Autobiography of Lt. Gen. Sir Harry Smith, covering the period 1787 to 1860" First published in 2 volumes, edited by G.C. Moore, London (1901)
  • Smith, Zachary F. (1904), The battle of New Orleans, Louisville, Kentucky: John P. Morton & Co. 
  • Stanley, George F. G. (1983), The War of 1812 – Land Operations, MacMillan & National Museum of Canada 
  • Stoltz, Joseph F., The Gulf Theatre, 1813-1815. (https://josephfstoltz.com/new-orleans-campaign/)
  • Stoltz, Joseph F. A Bloodless Victory: The Battle of New Orleans in History and Memory. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017.
  • Surtees, W. (1996) [1833], Twenty-Five Years in the Rifle Brigade (edisi ke-Reprint), London: Greenhill Books, ISBN 1-85367-230-0 
  • Ward, John William (1962), Andrew Jackson: Symbol for an Age, New York: Oxford University Press 

Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]