Pertempuran Magdhaba

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Pertempuran Magdhaba
Bagian dari Teater Timur Tengah pada Perang Dunia I
Camel corps at Magdhaba.jpg
Korps unta di Magdhaba oleh Harold Septimus Power, 1925
Tanggal23 Desember 1916
LokasiJazirah Sinai, Mesir
Koordinat: 30°53′N 34°1′E / 30.883°N 34.017°E / 30.883; 34.017
Hasil Kemenangan Kekaisaran Britania
Pihak terlibat

 Kekaisaran Britania

 Kekaisaran Ottoman
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Australia Harry Chauvel Bendera Kesultanan Utsmaniyah Khadir Bey
Pasukan
1st Light Horse Brigade
3rd Light Horse Brigade
New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade
Imperial Camel Brigade
RAN Bridging Train
Batalion ke-2 dan ke-3 dari Resimen Infanteri ke-80
Pasukan pendukung
Kekuatan
6,000 2,000
Korban
22 tewas
124 luka-luka
300+ tewas dari 97 kematian terkonfirmasi
300 luka-luka dari 40 pernyataan terkonfirmasi
1,242–1,282 tahanan

Pertempuran Magdhaba (resmi dikenal oleh Inggris sebagai Affair of Magdhaba) terjadi pada 23 Desember 1916 saat bagian Pertahanan Mesir dari Kampanye Sinai dan Palestina dalam Perang Dunia Pertama.[1][Note 1] Serangan oleh Anzac Mounted Division tersebut terjadi melawan garisun Tentara Ottoman berparit di tenggara Bir Lahfan di gurun Sinai, berjarak sekitar 18–25 mil (29–40 km) dari pantai Laut Tengah. Kemenangan Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) melawan garisun Kekaisaran Ottoman ini juga membebaskan kota El Arish setelah garisun Ottoman mundur.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki
  1. ^ The Battles Nomenclature Committee assigned 'Affair' to those engagements between forces smaller than a division; 'Action' to engagements between divisions and 'Battle' to engagements between corps.[Battles Nomenclature Committee 1922 p. 7]
Kutipan
  1. ^ Battles Nomenclature Committee 1922, p. 31

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Official Names of the Battles and Other Engagements Fought by the Military Forces of the British Empire during the Great War, 1914–1919, and the third Afghan War, 1919: Report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee as Approved by The Army Council Presented to Parliament by Command of His Majesty. London: Government Printer. 1922. OCLC 29078007. 
  • Bou, Jean (2009). Light Horse: A History of Australia's Mounted Arm. Australian Army History. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-19708-3. 
  • Bruce, Anthony (2002). The Last Crusade: The Palestine Campaign in the First World War. London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-5432-2. 
  • Carver, Michael, Field Marshal Lord (2003). The National Army Museum Book of The Turkish Front 1914–1918 The Campaigns at Gallipoli, in Mesopotamia and in Palestine. London: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 0-283-07347-0. 
  • Coulthard-Clark, Chris (1998). Where Australians Fought: The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles (edisi ke-1st). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-611-2. 
  • Cutlack, Frederic Morley (1941). The Australian Flying Corps in the Western and Eastern Theatres of War, 1914–1918. Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918. Volume VIII. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. OCLC 220899617. 
  • Dennis, Peter; Jeffrey Grey; Ewan Morris; Robin Prior; Jean Bou (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (edisi ke-2nd). Melbourne: Oxford University Press, Australia & New Zealand. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2. 
  • Downes, Rupert M. (1938). "The Campaign in Sinai and Palestine". Dalam Butler, Arthur Graham. Gallipoli, Palestine and New Guinea. Official History of the Australian Army Medical Services, 1914–1918. Volume 1 Part II (edisi ke-2nd). Canberra: Australian War Memorial. hlm. 547–780. OCLC 220879097. 
  • Falls, Cyril; G. MacMunn (1930). Military Operations Egypt & Palestine: From the Outbreak of War with Germany to June 1917. Official History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence. 1. London: HM Stationery Office. OCLC 610273484. 
  • Grainger, John D. (2006). The Battle for Palestine, 1917. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 1-84383-263-1. 
  • Gullett, Henry Somer (1941). The Australian Imperial Force in Sinai and Palestine, 1914–1918. Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918. Volume VII. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. OCLC 220900153. 
  • Hill, Alec Jeffrey (1978). Chauvel of the Light Horse: A Biography of General Sir Harry Chauvel, GCMG, KCB. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 978-0-522-84146-6. 
  • Keogh, E. G.; Joan Graham (1955). Suez to Aleppo. Melbourne: Directorate of Military Training by Wilkie & Co. OCLC 220029983. 
  • Kress von Kressenstein, Friedrich Freiherr (1938). Mit den Tèurken zum Suezkanal. Berlin: Schlegel/Vorhut-Verl. OCLC 230745310. 
  • Powles, C. Guy; A. Wilkie (1922). The New Zealanders in Sinai and Palestine. Official History New Zealand's Effort in the Great War. Volume III. Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs. OCLC 2959465. 
  • Preston, R. M. P. (1921). The Desert Mounted Corps: An Account of the Cavalry Operations in Palestine and Syria 1917–1918. London: Constable & Co. OCLC 3900439. 
  • Pugsley, Christoper (2004). The Anzac Experience: New Zealand, Australia and Empire in the First World War. Auckland: Reed Books. ISBN 0-7900-0941-2. 
  • Turkish General Staff (1979). Birinci Dünya Harbi'nde Turk harbi. Sina–Filistin cephesi, Harbin Başlangicindan İkinci Gazze Muharebeleri Sonuna Kadar. Sinai-Palestine Front from the beginning of the war to the end of the 2nd Gaza Battle, Volume 4, 1st Part. Ankara: IVncu Cilt 1nci Kisim. 
  • Wavell, Field Marshal Earl (1968) [1933]. "The Palestine Campaigns". Dalam Sheppard, Eric William. A Short History of the British Army (edisi ke-4th). London: Constable & Co. OCLC 35621223. 
  • Woodward, David R. (2006). Hell in the Holy Land: World War I in the Middle East. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2383-7. 

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