Pertempuran Fontenoy

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Pierre Lenfant - La Bataille de Fontenoy, le 11 mai 1745 (Château de Versailles)

Pertempuran Fontenoy merupakan sebuah pertempuran besar dalam Perang Penerus Austria, yang berlangsung pada 11 Mei 1745, 8 kilometer (5,0 mi) di luar Tournai, Belgia. Pasukan Prancis yang terdiri dari 50.000 orang yang dipimpin oleh Marsekal Saxe mengalahkan tentara Pragmatica [a] sebesar 52.000 orang, yang dipimpin oleh Adipati Cumberland. Bersama putranya Dauphin Louis, Louis XV dari Prancis hadir dan dengan demikian secara teknis memegang komando, sebuah fakta yang kemudian digunakan untuk meningkatkan prestise rezim tersebut.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Supporters of the 1713 Pragmatic Sanction were generally known as the Pragmatic Allies

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Anderson, M. S. (1995). The War of the Austrian Succession 1740–1748. Routledge. ISBN 978-0582059504. 
  • Armour, Ian (2012). A History of Eastern Europe 1740–1918Perlu mendaftar (gratis). Bloomsbury Academic Press. ISBN 978-1849664882. 
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  • Black, James (1999). From Louis XIV to Napoleon: The Fate of a Great Power. Routledge. ISBN 978-1857289343. 
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  • Chandler, David G. (1990). The Art of Warfare in the Age of Marlborough. Spellmount. ISBN 0-946771-42-1. 
  • Charteris, Evan (2012) [1913]. William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland: His Early Life and Times (1721−1748) (edisi ke-repr.). Forgotten Books. 
  • Childs, John (2013) [1991]. The Nine Years' War and the British Army, 1688−1697: The Operations in the Low Countries (edisi ke-2nd). Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0719089961. 
  • Coakley, Robert W; Stetson, Conn (1975). The War of the American Revolution. Center for Military History. 
  • Iverson, John R (1999). "Voltaire, Fontenoy, and the Crisis of Celebratory Verse". Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture. 28: 207–228. doi:10.1353/sec.2010.0146. 
  • MacDonogh, Giles (1999). Frederick The Great. W & N. ISBN 978-0297817772. 
  • MacKinnon, Daniel (1883). Origins and Services of the Coldstream Guards, Volume I. Richard Bentley. 
  • McGarry, Stephen (2014). Irish Brigades Abroad: From the Wild Geese to the Napoleonic Wars. The History Press. ISBN 978-1-845887-995. 
  • Mcintyre, Jim (2016). The Development of British Light Infantry, Continental and North American Influences, 1740-1765. Winged Hussar. ISBN 978-0996365703. 
  • McKay, Derek (1983). The Rise of the Great Powers 1648–1815. Routledge. ISBN 978-0582485549. 
  • McLynn, Frank (2008). 1759: The Year Britain Became Master of the World. Vintage. ISBN 978-0099526391. 
  • McNally, Michael (2017). Fontenoy 1745: Cumberland's bloody defeat. Osprey. ISBN 978-1472816252. 
  • Oliphant, John (2015). John Forbes: Scotland, Flanders and the Seven Years' War, 1707–1759. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 978-1472511188. 
  • Scott, Hamish (2015). The Birth of a Great Power System, 1740-1815. Routledge. ISBN 978-1138134232. 
  • Skrine, Francis Henry (2018) [1906]. Fontenoy and Great Britain's Share in the War of the Austrian Succession 1741–48 (edisi ke-repr.). Forgotten Books. ISBN 978-0260413550. 
  • Smollett, Tobias (1848). History of England, from The Revolution to the Death of George the Second. II. London. OCLC 1019245095. 
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  • Townshend, Charles Vere Ferrers (2015) [1901]. The military life of Field-Marshal George First Marquess Townshend 1724–1807. Books on Demand. ISBN 978-5519290968. 
  • Weigley, R.F (1991). Age of Battles: Quest for Decisive Warfare from Breitenfeld to Waterloo. Willey & Sons. ISBN 978-0253363800. 
  • White, J. E. M. (1962). Marshal of France: the Life and Times of Maurice, Comte De Saxe (1696–1750). Hmish Hamilton. OCLC 460730933. 

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Geerdink-Schaftenaar, Marc (2018). For Orange and the States, part I: Infantry. Helion Publishing. ISBN 978-1911512158. 
  • Nimwegen, Olaf van (2010). The Dutch Army and the Military Revolutions, 1588–1688. Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1843835752. 
  • Nimwegen, Olaf van (2002). De Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden als grote mogendheid. De Bataafsche Leeuw. ISBN 978-9067075404.