Pertempuran Edington

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Koordinat: 51°15′50″N 02°08′34″W / 51.26389°N 2.14278°W / 51.26389; -2.14278

Pertempuran Edington
Bagian dari Invasi Inggris oleh Viking
Ethandunmem.jpg
Monumen Pertempuran Ethandun didirikan pada 2000 dekat Puri Bratton.[1]
TanggalMei 878
LokasiDiyakini Edington, Wiltshire
Hasil Kemenangan mutlak Sachsen Barat
Pihak terlibat
Sachsen Barat Viking Danelaw
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Alfred Agung Guthrum Tua
Kekuatan
unknown unknown
Korban
unknown unknown

Di Pertempuran Edington, pasukan kerajaan Anglo-Saxon Wessex di bawah kepemimpinan Alfred Agung mengalahkan Tentara Besar Biadab pimpinan Guthrum pada sebuah tanggal antara 6 dan 12 Mei 878 M, menghasilkan Traktat Wedmore pada tahun yang sama. Sumber-sumber primer menyebut pertempuran tersebut terjadi di "Ethandun" atau "Ethandune", dan konsensus cendekiawan menghubungkan lokasi tersebut dengan wilayah saat ini dari Edington di Wiltshire. Pertempuran tersebut juga disebut sebagai Pertempuran Ethandun, sebuah nama yang masih dipakai.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ UK Inventory of War Memorials. The Memorial stone plaque reads:

    TO COMMEMORATE THE BATTLE OF ETHANDUN FOUGHT IN THIS VICINITY MAY 878 AD WHEN KING ALFRED THE GREAT DEFEATED THE VIKING ARMY, GIVING BIRTH TO THE ENGLISH NATIONHOOD. UNVEILED BY THE 7TH MARQUESS OF BATH 5TH NOVEMBER 2000.

    An additional inscription reads:

    THIS STONE, PRESENTED BY F. SWANTON AND SONS, NORTH FARM, WEST OVERTON, IS A SARSEN STONE SIMILAR TO THOSE AT KINGSTON DEVERILL, THE AREA WHERE KING ALFRED RALLIED SAXON LEVIES FROM HAMPSHIRE, WILTSHIRE AND SOMERSET TO MARCH AGAINST GUTHRUM'S VIKING ARMY BASED AT CHIPPENHAM.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]